Dhalbhum

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Location of Dhalbhum
Location of Bankura in West Bengal

Dhalbhum (Hindi:धलभूम,Bengali: ধলভূম) was the name given to parganas Supur and Ambikanagar in the Khatra area of present Bankura district in West Bengal.[1] In the course of time, Dhalbhum kingdom spread over a much wider area, across the western part of adjoining Midnapore district and the eastern and south-eastern parts of Singhbhum district in present-day Jharkhand.[2]

Origin of name

Jat clans

History

According to tradition, the original Raja of Dhalbhum was Chintamoni Dhoba. The pai or grain measure used in these parganas was for a long time called Chintaman pai. Legend goes on to say that Dhalbhum was wrested from him by Jagannath Deb of Dholpur in Rajasthan.

After 32 generations Supur Raj, as it was locally called, was divided in consequence of a disputed succession. One of the successors continued at Supur and the other shifted to Ambikanagar. Both the families were related to the families of Bishnupur, Raipur, Shyamsundarpur and others.[3]

They ruled for about 700 years. A branch of the same family ruled in Chikligarh or Jamboni.[4]

Rankini Devi is established as the family goddess of the Dhalbhum rulers. It is said that human sacrifice was offered to the goddess every year. Ghosh, Binoy, Paschim Banger Sanskriti, (in Bengali), part II, 1978 edition, p. 56, Prakash Bhaban

Dhalbhumgarh

Dhalbhumgarh is a community development block in East Singhbhum district, in Jharkhand where it borders West Bengal and Orissa. The town is on NH 33. There is a railway station.

References

References

  1. O’Malley, L.S.S., ICS, Bankura, Bengal District Gazetteers, pp. 194-195, 1995 reprint, first published 1908, Government of West Bengal
  2. Ghosh, Binoy, Paschim Banger Sanskriti, (in Bengali), part II, 1978 edition, p. 56, Prakash Bhaban
  3. Ghosh, Binoy, Paschim Banger Sanskriti, (in Bengali), part II, 1978 edition, p. 56, Prakash Bhaban
  4. Ghosh, Binoy, Paschim Banger Sanskriti, (in Bengali), part II, 1978 edition, p. 56, Prakash Bhaban

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