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For City and district see Doda District

Dodiya (डोडिया) Dodia (डोडिया) Dod (डोड)[1] [2] Daud (डौड) Doda (डोडा)[3][4] is Gotra of Jats. Dodiya are found in Ratlam district in Madhya Pradeshand Udaipur district in Rajasthan. They are called Dorh or Dor or Doda or Daud or Dodi in Afghanistan.[5] Dodi (दोदी) Jat clan is found in Multan, Pakistan. [6] James Tod places it in the list of Thirty Six Royal Races.[7] Dodiya is a Gotra of the Anjana Jats in Gujarat.


H.A. Rose[8] explains the origin of this Jat clan: Doda†† Sumra, expelled from Thatha by his brethren, escaped by swimming his mare across the Indus, and, half frozen, reached the hut of Salhe, a Rind. To revive him Salhe placed him under the blankets with his daughter Muaho, whom he eventually married. " For the woman's sake," says the proverb, " the man became a Baloch who had been a Jatt, a Jaghdal, a nobody; he dwelt at Harrand under the hills, and fate made him chief of all." Thus Doda; founded the great Dodai tribe of the Baloch, and Gorish, his son, founded the Gorshani or Gurchani (Gursani?), now the principal tribe of Dodai origin. The great Mirrani tribe, which for 200 years gave chiefs to Dera Ghazi Khan, was also of Dodai origin.

†† Doda, a common name among the Sumras whose dynasty ruled Sindh until it was overthrown by the Sammas. About 1250 A.D. or before that year we find Baloch adventurers first allied with the Sodhas and Jharejas, and then supporting Doda IV, Sumra, Under Umar, his successor, the Baloches are found combining with the Sammas, Sodhas and Jatts, (Jharejas), but were eventually forced back to the hills without effecting any permanent lodgment in the plains.


H. W. Bellew[9] writes that Daud, or Daudzi, are evidently a branch of the same people as the Daudputra of Bahawalpur. Daudzi and Daudputra — sons of David — are Musalman transformations (Pukhto and Hindi respectively) of the ancient Indian name Dadi or Dadika of which people we shall speak presently. Adjoining the Daudzi, in the Hashtnagar district, is another branch of the Mahmand called Muhammadzi ; and beyond them in the hills are the Utman-khel, or Utman tribe. They are quite distinct from the Utman clans above described, and occupy the hills on both banks of the Swat river from the Kohi Mor to the Khanora mountains, and are situated between the hill Mahmand and the Ranrizi. They are said to have been brought from the Ghor country, and planted here as a military colony by Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni, in the early part of the eleventh century. They represent the Utoi of Herodotus before mentioned.

Dod Rulers of Garhmukteshwar

H.A. Rose[10] writes that Dod (दोद), a Rajput tribe is found in Hoshiarpur. The Dods are almost entirely confined to the Bit tract in the Siwaliks, their head being the Rana of Manaswal. The Dods are Jadav or Chandrbansi by origin. Tradition avers that they once fought an enemy 1-1/2 times as numerous as themselves, and so became called Deorha, whence Dod. The clan once ruled in Orissa, whence Deo Chand fought his "way to Delhi, defeated its rulers, the Turs (Tunwars), and then conquered Jaijon : —

Orisa se charhiya Raja Deo Chand Baryāhan Tika ae.
Tur Raja auliyān jo thake fauj rachae,
Tur chhadde nathke jo mil baithe hai,
Dod Garh Muktesar men jo mile chāre thāon, —

Meaning: 'Raja Deo Chand marched from Orissa. The Tur Raja collected a large army in order to meet him, but fled before him. The Dods occupied Garh Muktesar and the places round it.'

Thus Deo Chand came to Jaijon and ruled the Dodba, His descendant Jai Chand gave his name to Jaijon. The Dod Rdjā was, however, defeated by a Raja of Jaswān, and his four sons separated, one taking Jaijon, the second Kungrat, the third Manaswal Garhi and the fourth Saroa. Jaijon and Saroa were subsequently lost to the Dods, and after their defeat by Jaswān they sank to the status of rānas, losing that of Rajas. Of the 22 villages dependent on Kungrat, none pay talukdāri to the rāna who is a mere co-proprietor in Kungrat, as the family lost its position during the Sikh rule. The Rana of Manaswāl, however, maintained his position under the Sikhs and holds most of the 22 Mdnaswal villages (Bit = 22) in jāgir, his brothers holding the rest.

Another account runs thus : —

Four leaders of the tribe migrated from Udaipur to Garh Mandāl,1100 years ago, and thence to Garh Muktasar. Thence Jodh Chand seized Manaswal, expelling Hira, the Mahton leader, whose tribe held the tract, 40 generations ago. Rana Chacho Chand, the 19th Rana, was attacked by the Katoch ruler, but his brother Tilok Singh (Tillo) defeated him at Mahudpur in Una, and Tillo's shrine at Bhawani is reverenced to this day. In Sambat 1741 Rana Jog Chand repelled a Jaswal invasion. Rana Bakht Chand annexed Bhalan, with 12 dependent villages, in Una. His successor, Ratn Chand, repelled a Jaswal army under

* Maclagan, § 101. The Diwana Sadhs appear to be a sect of the Malwa with head-quarters at Pi'r-pind in (?)
But the Manj Rajputs have a baiya in Bit Manaswal, according to Mr. Coldstream in Punjab Notes and Queries I, § 465.

[Page-244]: Bhagwan Singh Sonkhla who was killed, and in his memory a shrine at Kharali was erected. A treaty now defined the Jaswal and Dod territories. Under Mian Gulab Singh regent during Achal Chand's minority, Nadir Shah is said to have visited the tract and ordered a massacre of the Rasali people, but the Rana obtained from him a grant of Bathri, then a Jaswal village. Rana Jhagar Chand, however, espoused the Jaswals' cause, when they were attacked by Sansar Chand of Kangra in 1804 A.D., and repulsed him. On Ranjit Singh's invasion of the Manaswal plateau, the Rana was confirmed in his possessions, subject to a contingent of 15 horse. The rule of inheritance was primogeniture, mitigated by a system of lopping off villages as fiefs for younger sons, many of whose descendants still hold villages, thus reducing the size of the estate.

The Dods (दोद) are also found as a Muhammadan Jat clan (agricultural) in Montgomery.

Duddee Rulers of Rahim Yar Khan

Duddees Influence - In 1540, Duddees (Daudpota Family of Pakistan) a well-known tribe rose to considerable power in the eastern part of Bahawalpur. Amir Bahadur Khan Abbasi, the chief of Daudpota then came to power him and his descendants wielded small principalities of Bahawalpur State into a united kingdom. Amir Muhammad Mubarik Khan I, Abbasi who came to power in 1702 was an able commander and leader. Throughout his reign he had to fight many battles against Kalhoras. He abdicated in 1723 A.D., in favor of his son Sadiq Mohammad Khan I. Sadiq Mohammad Khan I (1723-1746) was killed in a battle with Khuda Yar Khan Kalhora. Amir Mohammad Bahawal Khan I, (1 746-1 949) ascended the throne in 1746. During his short rule, he built the towns of Bahawalpur, Qaimpur, Hasilpur, Tranda Ali Murad Khan, Shahbazpur and Mohammadpur Laman.

On the death of Amir Bahawal Khan III. Sadiq Mohammad Khan III, (1852-1853) was crowned as Amir. On assuming ruler ship he confined prince Haji Khan and his brothers and treated them harshly. A large number of Bahawalpur army was demobilized. All the grants, rights and claims of Daudpotas and other usual expenses were diminished and abolished. These events made the Amir unpopular. On the 29th of Rabi-ul-Sani, 1269 A.H, Fateh Garh Fort was attacked at night. Prince Haji Khan, who was kept as prisoner, was freed and brought to Khanpur. Haji Khan entered Ahmedpur East without any resistance and Sadiq Muhammad Khan III was imprisoned. Prince Haji Khan who assumed the title of Fateh Khan ruled the state from 1853 to 1858 A.D. Prince Rahim Yar Khan succeeded his father, the late Amir Fateh Khan Abbasi, as Muhammad Bahawal Khan IV (1858-1866). He was poisoned and died on the 25th March. I866. On the death of Amir Bahawal Khan IV, Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan IV was crowned when he was four and half year old. He was installed in 1879 when he attained maturity In the interim period from 1866 to 1879. The state was supervised by British Officers. Amir Muhammad Bahawal Khan V, the next successor was about I6 years of age at the time of his father's death in 1907. Amir Sadiq Mohammad Khan Abbasi V (I 907-1955), was proclaimed Amir of Bahawalpur on the death of his father in 1907. He was then a child of three years old. He ruled the state till 1955 when it was integrated in the Punjab province of Pakistan.

Villages in Ratlam district

Villages in Ratlam district with Dodiya (डोडिया) population of this gotra are:

Kanchan khedi 1,

Villages in Udaipur district

Dodiyon Ka Khera,


Notable persons

External links


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