Donderia

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Donderia (दोंदेरिया)[1] Dondaria (दोंदरिया) Dauderia (दोदेरिया) Dondoria (दोंदोरिया) Dodaria (दोदरिया) Dodar (दोदर) [2][3] Doderiyan (दोदेरियां) Dodar (डोडर)[4] Dondliya (दोंदलिया) is gotra of Jats found in Madhya Pradesh.

Origin

  • It is said to be originated from place name Dodar (दोदर). [5]
  • In the history of Sind, when Sind came under the Arabs, we find mention of a person named Dodar[6]

History

The rulers of Magrora in Madhya Pradesh were of the Donderia Jat Gotra. They had come to this place from village Donder Kheda (दोंदेर खेड़ा) in Punjab on the banks of River Satluj, hence known as Donderia. This period was during the rule of Badshah Shahzahan.

Sir H. M. Elliot, Edited by John Dowson[7] tells while describing The Sumra Dynasty that .....Dr. Bird, relying on some Persian authorities, including the Táríkh-i Sind, tells us that the Sumras, who became first known in the Indian history in the reign of Mahmud of Ghazni, were originally Muhammadans descended from Aboulahil, an uncle of the Prophet, and that one of the tribe who, in the beginning of the eleventh century of our era, obtained power in Sind, married into the family of Samma, and had a son named Bhaonagar. The chief who had been thus placed at the head of the tribe was named Hallah, the son of Chotah, a descendant of Omar Sumra, first of the family mentioned in their history. Contemporary with Chotah was Deva Ráí, sometimes called Dilu Ráí, the ruler of Alore. "The son born to Hallah had for his descendants Dodar, Singhar, Hanif, and others, who appear to have originally possessed the Dangah pergunnah in the Registan, or sandy desert, from whence they extended themselves into the pergunnahs of Thurr, Sammawati, Rupah, and Nasirpur."

Dr. Bird adds, that nothing satisfactory regarding them is to be found in any Indian author, except the statement of their descent from the family of the Prophet, in which, therefore, he seems to concur. "They derive their name," he continues, "from the city of Saumrah, on the Tigris; and appear to have sprung from the followers of Tamim Ansari, mixed with the Arab tribes of Tamim and Kureish." * * * "In Masudi's time, many chiefs of the Arabs descended from Hamzah, the uncle of the prophet, and Ali, his cousin, were then subject (to the chief of Mansura.). To these ancestors we may trace the Saiyids of Sinde, and the family of the Sumrahs."

इतिहास

ठाकुर देशराज[8] ने लिखा है ....[पृ.561]: भाट ग्रन्थों का कहना है शिव के प्रसिद्ध गण वीरभद्र की चार स्त्रियां थी। उनमें आशादेवी से सोनभद्र और स्वर्णभद्र, भद्रादेवी से पवनभद्र, अलका देवी से झषभद्र, और मायादेवी से धीरभद्र नामक पुत्र उत्पन्न हुए।

धीरभद्र के पुत्र रुद्रदेव ने कश्मीर में रूद्रकोट नाम का नगर बसाया। रूद्रभद्र के आगे ब्रह्मभद्र, कर्णभद्र, जयभद्र, ताम्रभद्र, ज्ञानभद्र, चक्रभद्र पीढ़ी दर पीढ़ी राजा इस वंश में हुए। चक्रभद्र के 2 पुत्र नागभद्र और वज्रभद्र।

नागभद्र को कर्कोटक नाग की बेटी ब्याही गई। उससे उत्पन्न होने वाले तक्षक कहलाए और तक्षशिला नगरी बसाई।

नागभद्र के दूसरे भाई वज्रभद्र क्रीटभद्र, चंद्रभद्र, रोरभद्र, कोकभद्र, तमालभद्र, मेपभद्र, पुलिंगभद्र, पीढ़ी दर पीढ़ी राजा हुए। इनमें पुलिंगभद्र ने कश्मीर से हटकर गंगा किनारे मायापुरी नामका नगर बसाया जो आगे चलकर हरिद्वार के नाम से प्रसिद्ध हुआ।

इनसे आगे इस वंश में तुंगभद्र, पूर्णभद्र, तेजभद्र, राजभद्र, मेघभद्र और (द्वितीय) स्वर्णभद्र हुए। स्वर्णभद्र की 40 वी पीढ़ी में राणा हरिआदित्य हुए। मायापुरी नगरी इन्हीं के नाम पर हरिद्वार के नाम से प्रसिद्ध हुई। हरिआदित्य भीम द्वारा पांडवों की राज सूर्य दिग्विजय में मारे गए।

राणा हरिआदित्य जी की 16वीं पीढ़ी के राजा पेजसर ने हरिद्वार को छोड़ दिया और यमुना के तटवर्ती इलाके में उनकी संतान के लोगों ने आबादी की।


[पृ.562]: उधर संघ विजय ने 270 वर्ष पंजाब पर सिकंदर के हमले में तक्षक वंशी राजा वीरसिंह लड़ते हुए मारे गए। उनके दो पुत्र थे: 1. अमरसेन और 2. मदनसेन। अमरसेन अभिसार का अधिपति था। ज्ञात होता है कि यूनानी लेखकों ने अमरसेन (अभिसार) को ही आम्भी लिखा है।

अमरसेन (अभिसार) के दो पुत्र विजयदेव और स्वर्णदेव थे। इससे आगे की कई पीढ़ियों का पता नहीं चलता।

संवत 875 (818 ई.) में करकदेव अभिसार (पंजाब) को छोड़कर दौंदरखेड़े में आ गए और यह लोग दोंदेरिया नाम से मशहूर हुए।


10 वीं सदी में इन लोगों ने निषध (नरवर) देश और सिंध नदी के आसपास के 96 गांव पर कब्जा कर लिया और धीरे-धीरे कई किले बना लिए।

दौंदेरिया लोगों के साथ और खानदान इधर आए जिनमें से कुछ ने किटोरा राज्य की नींव डाली। उधर गोहद की ओर वीरभद्र की उस शाखा से लोगों ने जो हरिद्वार में थे और यमुना तट पर आ चुके थे अपना राज्य जमाया और गोहद राज्य में एक बड़ा इलाका शामिल कर लिया।

The Jats of Indragarh

Raja Balwant Singh (Doderiyan) in about 1650 A.D founded the Jat State of Indargarh. He is reputed to have had an ancestral patrimony around Shivpuri, some 65 miles West of Gwalior. Whether he emigrated under duress from Shivpuri or brighter prospect abroad beckoned him, or was enticed away from his native Shivpuri by promise of a larger patrimony by the Bundela Chiefs of Orchha and Datia, still remains an enigma. What however is unambiguous is that. Raja Balwan Singh's new principality in the Trans-Sind Region initially comprised some 40 villages along the South Bank of the Sind in the intervening tract between Datia and Seondha. As the principality of Datia was relatively weaker than that of Pichor, it is to be inferred that the principality of Indargarh may have been utilized as a convenient buffer by the Bundela chiefs to constrict Pichor's expansion South of the Sind. This stratagem might even have had the tacit acquiescence of the neighboring Kushwaha ruler of Narwar, who was actuated by a similar design towards Pichhor. Whether the tale is true or apocryphal is however difficult to discern. There is on the other hand no tradition of any enduring internecine feud between the neighboring Jat principalities of Pichhor and Indargarh. It is however probable that with the interposition of kindred Jat principality as a buffer, the subsequent expansion of Pichhor was deflected Westwards beyond Bhitarwar in the Narwar territory and southeastwards towards Lahar and Daboh.

Raja Balwant Singh was succeeded by his son Indar Singh who further enlarged his patrimony and built a stone fort, still extant, which even now perpetuates his name and memory. The principality of Indargarh remained unimpaired during Aurangzeb's and some of the later Mughals' reigns, but had rather a precarious existence during the ascendancy of the Marathas in the 18th century A.D. During this period, the ruler of Indargarh was sometimes constrained to side with the Marathas, the allies of the Bundela Chief, but when left uncoerced joined forces with the neighboring Jat Chiefs of Pichhor and Gohad to resist the Southern intruders. After the demise of Pichhor in 1816 A.D. the Jat principality of Indargarh was also obliterated by the connivance of the Marathas in the beginning of 1817 A.D. and its ruler like his kinsmen of Pichhor and Gohad forced into exile. After the fall of Indargarh all the Jat forts have remained untenanted in this region; staggered in a line between Bhind and Jhansi, they are now like a row of avenging ghosts rather than abodes of patricians of yesteryears.

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Bhind district

Arusi,

Villages in Ratlam district

Villages in Ratlam district with population of Doderiyan (दोदेरियां) gotra are: Ratlam 3,

Villages in Ratlam district with population of Dondaria (दोंदरिया) gotra are:

Dondaria (5), Donderia (5),

Villages in Bhopal district

Dondaria clan is found in villages:

Bhopal, Kachhi Barkheda, Raipur Bhopal,

Villages in Shajapur district

Shajapur,

Villages in Harda district

Harda,

Villages in Gwalior district

Ajaigarh, Dabra Gwalior, Ghamadpura, Gwalior, Kitora, Morar (Gwalior),

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Palwal district

Doderiyan clan is found in villages:

Amarpur,

Notable persons

  • Lt. General Khem Karan Singh(Doderiyan) - Who played an important role in Indo-Pak War 1971 particularly in surrendering the Pakistani forces in Bangladesh. He is from village Amarpur near Ballabhgarh. Presently settled at NOIDA.
  • ठाकुर गंभीरसिंह – [पृ.577]: अजयगढ़ परगना पिछोर मैं ठाकुर जवाहरसिंह जी के सुपुत्र ठाकुर गंभीरसिंह जी हैं। आप एक प्रसिद्ध दोन्देरिया जाट सरदार हैं। इसी गांव में इसी गोत्र के ठाकुर बलवंतसिंह जी हैं। आप सभी राजा मगरौरा के राजाओं के भाई बंधु हैं। [9]
  • Fateh Singh Jat Dondoria - Bus Operator, Shajapur, Mob:9425035028[10]
  • Nihal Singh Jat Donderia - Kachhi Barkheda, Mob:9300833344[11]

See also

References


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