Ekachakra

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Ekachakra (एकचक्र) is a town mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi and in Mahabharata (I.59.25), (I.61.22), (I.90.79-80), (I.144.12).

Variants

Mention by Panini

Ekachakra (एकचक्रा) is a term mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [1]

History

V. S. Agrawala[2] writes that the Kashika gives the following examples of towns Paṭaliputra (पाटलिपुत्र) and Ekachakra (एकचक्र) (VII.3.14, IV.2.123) in the east.

एकचक्रा

विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[3] ने लेख किया है ...एकचक्रा नगरी को महाभारत में पंचालदेश में स्थित बताया गया है। द्रौपदी के स्वयंवर के लिए जाते समय पांडव एकचक्रा नगरी में पहुँचे थे- 'एवं स तान् समाश्वास्य व्यास: सत्यवती सुत:, एकचक्रामभिगत: कुंतीमाश्वासयत् प्रभु:' (आदि पर्व 155,11)

बकासुर का वध भीम ने इसी नगरी में कहते हुए किया था। (आदि पर्व 156) संभव है एकचक्रा क्षेत्र का ही दूसरा नाम अहिच्छत्र हो। परिवक्रा या परिचक्रा शतपथ ब्राह्मण (13; 5, 4, 7) में पंचाल को एकनगरी कहा गया है, वह एकचक्रा ही जान पड़ती है। (वैदिक इंडेक्स 1,494)


महाभारत में दुर्योधन ने लाक्षा के बने हुए घर में पाण्डवों को रखकर आग लगाकर, उन्हें जलाने का प्रयत्न किया, किन्तु पाँचों पाण्डव अपनी माता के साथ उस जलते हुए घर से बाहर निकल गये। वहाँ से एकचक्रा नगरी में जाकर वे मुनि के वेष में एक ब्राह्मण के घर में निवास करने लगे। फिर वहाँ बकासुर नामक एक राक्षस का वध किया। कुछ समय पश्चात् पाण्डव पांचाल राज्य में, जहाँ द्रौपदी का स्वयंवर होने वाला था, गये। वहाँ अर्जुन के बाहुबल से मत्स्यभेद होने पर पाँचों पाण्डवों ने द्रौपदी को पत्नी रूप में प्राप्त किया। पाण्डवों ने अपनी माता कुन्ती सहित एकचक्रा नगरी में कई दिन व्यतीत किए थे। [4]

एकचक्खु

विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[5] ने लेख किया है ...एकचक्खु (AS, p.109): एकचक्खु, एकचक्षु या एकचक्रा का तद्भव रूप है। सिंहल के बौद्ध इतिहास ग्रंथ (3,14) में दी हुई वंशावली के अनुसार यहाँ का अंतिम राजा पुरिंदद था।

Stay of Pandavas at Ekachakra

Sister Nivedita and Anand K. Coomaraswamy[6] write that after escape from The House of Lac, the Pandavas, with their mother, fled on from forest to forest and town to town. Now they went in one disguise and again in another, till; at last they came to the town of Ekachakra, and being there received in the outer rooms of a Brahman and his family, they settled down to live as learned men by begging. With their tall forms, their deer-skin garments, their sacred threads, and their matted locks, all men took them for Brahmans. They lived for many months in simplicity and much happiness in the town of Ekachakra.


Now while the Pandavas were living with their mother disguised as Brahmans in the town of Ekachakra, there came one staunch friend and another out of their past life to visit them quietly. And from one of these they heard that Drupada, king of the Panchalas, had announced the Swayamvara of his beautiful daughter Draupadi. A few more words passed regarding the extraordinary charms and accomplishments of the princess of the Panchalas, and in the evening, when their guest had gone, Kunti noticed that her sons had fallen silent and listless. Then, guessing the cause of their changed spirits better than they could have done themselves, she said, with gentle tact, that she was tired of Ekachakra and would be glad to renew their wanderings, if her sons would, in the country of the Panchalas.

The very next day all said good-bye to their host the Brahman of Ekachakra and set out for Kampilya, the capital of Drupada.

In Mahabharata

Adi Parva, Mahabharata/Mahabharata Book I Chapter 59 mentions that Danu had forty sons, Ekachakra was one of them mentioned in verse (I.59.25). [7]


Adi Parva, Mahabharata/Mahabharata Book I Chapter 90 mentions that Duryodhana became exceedingly jealous of Pandavas. All Duryodhana's efforts proved futile. Then Dhritarashtra sent them, by an act of deception to Varanavata, and they went there willingly. There an endeavour was made to burn them to death; but it proved abortive owing to the warning counsels of Vidura. After that the Pandavas slew Hidimva, and then they went to a town called Ekachakra. There also they slew a Rakshasa of the name of Vaka and then went to Panchala. And there obtaining Draupadi for a wife they returned to Hastinapura. And there they dwelt for some time in peace and begat children. [8]


Adi Parva, Mahabharata/Mahabharata Book I Chapter 61 mentions ..The great Asura who was known as Ekachakra (I.61.22) became noted on earth as Pritivindhya. [9]


Adi Parva, Mahabharata/Mahabharata Book I Chapter 144 mentions.... Vyasa, the son of Satyavati, thus comforting the Pandavas, led them into the town of Ekachakra (I.144.12). And the master also comforted Kunti. [10]


Shalya Parva, Mahabharata/Book IX Chapter 45 mentions the List of the mothers who became the companions when Skanda was installed. Ekachakra एकचक्रा is in verse (IX.45.28). [11]

References

  1. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.73
  2. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.72-73
  3. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.
  4. भारतकोश-एकचक्रा
  5. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.109
  6. Myths and Legends of the Hindus & Buddhists/CHAPTER III,p.142-143
  7. इसृपा एकचक्रश च विरूपाक्षॊ हराहरौ, निचन्द्रश च निकुम्भश च कुपथः कापथस तथा Mahabharata (I.59.25)
  8. ततश च हिडिम्बम अन्तरा हत्वैक चक्रां गताः (I.90.79), तस्याम अप्य एकचक्रायां बकं नाम राक्षसं हत्वा पाञ्चाल नगरम अभिगताः Mahabharata (I.90.80)
  9. एकचक्र इति खयात आसीद यस तु महासुरः, परतिविन्ध्य इति खयातॊ बभूव परथितः कषितौ Mahabharata (I.61.22)
  10. एवं स तान समाश्वास्य वयासः पार्दान अरिंथमान, एकचक्राम अभिगतः कुन्तीम आश्वासयत परभुः Mahabharata (I.144.12)
  11. प्रतिष्ठा सुप्रतिष्ठा च रॊचमाना सुरॊचना, गॊकर्णी च सुकर्णीच ससिरा सथेरिका तदा, एकचक्रा मेघरवा मेघमाला विरॊचना Mahabharata (IX.45.28)