Hukum Singh Panwar writes that Gotan in Old English  is for Jats. The Djat tribes that entered Germany and the Baltic region through the Greece and Turkey retained more or less the then Latin version of their name. Hence, in old German they were Goth, who ransacked Britain in 395-423 AD. The were described as Gothi (in plural) in later Latin, Gotoi or Gothoi in Greek, and Gutos or "Gothoi" in Greek, and Gutos or Guttones in the Baltic countries ,Guta; Gotos or Guts in Germany Gotan in Old English4 ,and Gotar in Old Norse.
This village is situated at a distance of 80 km from Nagaur. It is well connected by rail and road. The village is 500 years old. There was thousands of bigha of grazing land in the village; the village got its name from go+than meaning the place for cows.
Jats in the village
- Dookya (50),
- Jajra (10),
- Jalwania (25),
- Karwasra (20),
- Khokhar (125),
- Lamrod (16),
- Matwa (75),
- Sangwa (13),
- Senwar (20),
- Siyag (15),
The village has about 20000 people dwelling in Gotan and nearby hamlets (dhani). There are about 500 families are of Jats with a population of about 3000. The biggest Jat gotra in the village is Khokhar with 125 families. Other Jat gotras (with families in bracket) are Matwa (75), Dookya (50), Senwar (20), Lamrod (16), Siyag (15), Sangwa (13), Jalwania (25), Karwasra (20), Jajra (10), Sirohi, Kala, Saran, Ranwa, Bhadu, Bhinchar, Dabola, Farauda, Kaswan,
The Industrial town
The village is converting into an industrial township due to existence of J.K. White cement factory. In addition, there are about 50 limekilns, five hydrated lime plants and colour-paint plant.
Main occupation of villagers is agriculture but most of Jats are in government services, Limekilns, shops, business etc. 80% Jats are educated. The village has temples of Hanumanji, Mahadeoji, Satyanarayan, and a place of live samadhi of Ramdas – Syamdas and their temple.
- Bhagirath Karwasra - martyr from this village whose statue is there in the village.
- Bhanwaru Ram Khokhar - martyr from this village whose statue is there in the village.
- चौ. भंवरलाल पुत्र चौ. पेमाराम जलवानियां मु.पो. गोटन जिला नागौर राज.
- Jat Samaj, Agra, June 2000
- The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations/Jat-Its variants,p.340
- Concise Oxford Eng. Dic., 1972, Delhi ed., p. 531.
- http://www.swamikeshwanand.com/Donors%20List.aspxsn 199
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