Hiranyakashyapa

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Hiranyakashyapa (हिरण्यकश्यप), Hiranyakasipu, Hiranyakashipu, (हिरण्‍यकशिपु) is an Asura from the Puranic scriptures of Hinduism. Literally it means golden-haired. The Puranas describe Hiranyakashipu as an Asura but he is a daitya, progeny of Kashyapa and his wife Diti. His younger brother, Hiranyaksha was slain by Varaha, one of the Avatars of Vishnu and angered by this, Hiranyakashipu decided to gain magical powers by performing a penance for Lord Brahma. He was subsequently killed by the Narasimha Avatara of Lord Vishnu. His tale depicts the futility of desiring power over others and the strength of God's protection over his fully surrendered devotees (in the case of his son Prahlada).

Jat Gotras from Hiranyakashyapa

Hindol (हिंडोळ) Hindaul (हिंडौल) Hindol (हिंडोल) Hindole (हिंडोले) Hindaul (हिंडौल) are said to be originated from Hiranyakashyapa.

The Gotra is believed to be associated with the mythology of Hiranyakashyapa (हिरण्यकश्यप) and Prahlada mentioned in Bhagavata Purana. Local tradition tells us that Hindon was the capital of Hiranyakashyapa, father of Prahlada. because of this fact the area is known as 'Hiranakus Ki Kher'. 'Kher' in local language means capital.

Genealogy of Hiranyakashipu

The genealogy of Hiranyakashipu is as under:[1]

  • Kashyapa (कश्यप) was an ancient sage (rishi). He is the son of Marichi, one of the ten sons (Maanasa-putras - मानुष-पुत्र) of the Creator Brahma. The Prajapati Daksha gave his thirteen daughters (Aditi, Diti, Kadru, Danu, Arishta, Surasa, Surabhi, Vinata, Tamra, Krodhavasa, Ida, Khasa and Muni in marriage to Kashyapa.
  • Hiranyakashipu (हिरण्यकश्यप) and Hiranyaksha were Kashyapa's sons from Diti were, and a daughter Sinhika, who later became the wife of Viprachitti.

Relation with Bhandi in Harsha Charita

The Harsha Charita of Bana/Chapter IV tells us about Bhandi as under:

About this time Yashovati's (mother of Harsha) brother presented his son Bhandi, a boy about eight years of age, to serve the young princes. Tufted with tossing side-locks of curly hair, the boy was like a reborn Kama with his head encircled by the smoke line of the flame of Shiva's anger. Darkened on one side of his body by an earring of sapphire, whitened on the other by the light of a pearl in his ear-ornament, he was like a compound Avatar of Vishnu and Shiva. A diamond bracelet bound about his stout forearm suggested a rejuvenated Parashu-Rama, betokened by the cord of his axe, which was itself all worn away in his slaughter of the Ksatriyas. Curved bits of coral were tied to his neck string, as if he were a reincarnate Hiranyakashipu wearing bits of Narasimha's claws broken against his adamantine breast. Though still a child, he bore himself stiffly, like a seed of the tree of valour.

References

  1. Bhaleram Beniwal: Jāt Yodhāon ke Balidān, Jaypal Agencies, Agra 2005

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