History of the Jats:Dr Kanungo/Index

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History of the Jats

Contribution to the History of Northern India (Upto the Death of Mirza Najaf Khan, 1782)

By Kalika Ranjan Qanungo. Edited and annotated by Vir Singh. Delhi, Originals, 2003, ISBN 81-7536-299-5.

Index


Contents: Top   · 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

[Page 218]
  • Abdulla (Sayyid), 31, 32, 33.
  • Abdul Ahad Khan (Majd-ud-daula), coalition with Najaf Khan, 144; intrigues with Nawal Singh, 153, 155, 160; invites Marathas, 162; incites Rahimdad against Najaf Khan 165; treachery, 179; intrigues with Rajput chiefs, 182; imprisoned by Mirza Najaf, 185n.
  • Abdus Samad Khan (Lahori), 31,59.
  • Abhai Singh (Rathor), 36.
  • Afghanistan, 1n, 8, 65, 188n, 189.
  • Afrasiyab Khan, takes part in the battle of Barsana, 152; subdues the Jats of the Doab 175-177; wins distinction at Ghausgarh, 179.
  • Afzal Khan (Ruhela), 89.
  • Agra : neighbourhood plundered by Rajaram, 23; battle of succession, 29; Jat ascendancy in the district of, 35; besieged by Durranis, 63; conquered by Suraj Mal, 84; recovered by Najaf Khan, 155.
  • Ahmad Khan Bangash, 46, 47, 48. Ahmad Shah (Abdali), captures Lahor, 49; campaigns against Suraj Mal, 58; defeats Dattaji, 67; makes demonstration against Deeg, 69; harassed by the Jats, 69; diplomatic tussle with Suraj Mal, 81; threatens Suraj Mal after Panipat, 84; another expedition, 110; designs against the English, 113.
  • Ahmad Shah (Durrani), 58. Ahmad Shah (The Trmmide), 37n, 41, 41n, 59, 62-63.
  • Ajmer, 1, 36, 41.
  • Ajit Singh (Jat), 149.
  • Ajit Singh (Rathor), 33, 34, 36.
  • Akbar (Emperor), 23, 24,55n, 69, 201.
  • Alamgir II (Emperor), 56, 58, 65.
  • Alwar, surrendered by the Jats, 181, 182n.
  • Ambaji (Maratha), 161.
  • Amber, 25, 35, 39, 40.
  • Antaji Manakeshwar, 58, 60, 2133214.
  • Anup Giri, see under Himmat Bahadur.
  • Asaf-ud-daula (Nawab) 162n, 171, 171n.
  • Atrauli, 97, 97n, 146.
  • Aurangzeb (Emperor), 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 28, 29, 30, 69, 169, 196, 200, 201, 202.

B

[Page 219]
  • Bakht Singh (Rathor) 41, 41n.
  • Balaji Baji Rao, 72, 83.
  • Balaram (Ballu Jat), founder of Ballamgarh, 46, 46n; a protege of Suraj Mal, 47; submits to Safdar Jang 48; killed, 47n.
  • Balaram (brother of Rani Hansia), Suraj Mal's lieutenant, 98; leader of a baronial coalition against Jawahar, 99; opposes Jawahar's succession, 99; tardy submission, 99; imprisonment and violent death, 104.
  • Ballamgarh, feudal house of 45; captured by Abdali, 60; besieged by imperialists, 149; surrenders to Hira Singh, 156.
  • Barsana, battle of, 148-149.
  • Bayan-o-Waqa, 130, 134n, 205.
  • Bayna, 35, 37, 83, 88n, 75-81, 130- 135, 163, 179.
  • Bhao Sahibchi bakhar, 69, 71, 73.
  • Bharatpur, foundation of, 23n, 27728; Ruling House of, 36; captured by Suraj Mal, 38; Maratha fugitives entertained at, 82; last stronghold of Ranjit Singh, 183.
  • Bhajja Singh, 23, 25, 26.
  • Bhup Singh (Raja), 27; rebellion in the Doab, 177; besieged at Mudsan, 177; submits to Najaf Khan 177.
  • Bidar Bakht (Prince), 24, 25, 201.
  • Bijay Singh (Rathor), 68, 120.
  • Bishan Singh (Kachhwah), 25, 30; campaign against Sinsini, 200, 201-202.
  • Braj, 36, 118, 129, 175.
  • Brindaban, massacre by the Durranis, 61-62.

C

  • Calendar of Persian Correspondence, 212.
  • Chach, 14, 16.
  • Chahar Gulzar-i-shujai, 208-209.
  • Chambal (river), 29, 51, 55, 67, 73- 74, 107-108, 111, 122, 200-20l.
  • Chandu Gujar, Commander-in- chief of Nawal Singh, 146; heroism of, 147.
  • Charandas Jat, 45, 45n.
  • Chata, 15l.
  • Chattar Sal (Rana), 109.
  • Chevalier (M), 139.
  • Churaman Jat, character of, 26-28; joins Jahandar Shah, 29; his faithlessness, 29; pardoned by Farrukhsiyar, 29-30; besieged at Thun, 30; a partisan of Sayyid brothers, 31; treachery to Nikusiyar, 32n; plunders Muhammad Shah's camp, 33; imprisons Badan Singh, 33; commits suicide, 34.
  • Clive (Lord), 113. Dahir,16.

D

  • Dahiya, 13, 191-192, 192n. Dankam, battle of, 146n, 147, 155n. Dan Sam, appointed Regent for Kheri Singh, 130; serves under Nawal Singh, 133; defeated at Dankaur, 146-147; date of his death, 155n.
  • Dalel Singh (Kachhwah), 122, 122n
  • Dattaji (Sindhia), 63, 65-67. Dayaram (Jat), 27.
  • Deeg, building of, 37; attacked by Abdali, 69; rebellion of

[Page 220]
Jawahar at, 91; surprised by Rahimdad, 163-165; its recovery by Ranjit, 164; fortifications and wealth of, 165-167; besieged by Najaf Khan, 168; its fall, 177.
  • Delhi, Jat gardi at, 49; Abdali enthroned at, 59; captured by Raghunath, 64; despoiled by Bhao, 78-80; designs of Suraj Mal upon, 84; besieged by Jawahar, 101; battle of, 143; Maratha ascendancy at, 143; threatened by Nawal Singh, 159; environs plundered by Sikhs, 162.
  • De Silva (Don Pedro), 114, 116.
  • Dholpur, 23,51, 98-99, 107-108.
  • Durjan Singh (Gujar), 146, 176n.

E

  • The English (Bengal Government), seek alliance with Jawahar, 1133114; Jawahar's proposals to, 113; un-easy about Jawahar's designs, 115; friendly services to Jawahar, 124; designs of the French adventurers against, 140.
  • Etawah, 155. Farah, 167.

F

  • Faridabad, 45-46; battle of, 101.
  • Farrukhnagar, captured by Suraj Mal, 87; a base of operation against the Mughals, 138; besieged by Najaf Quli, 150; surrenders to Musavi Khan, 156,156n.
  • Farrukhabad, 47-48, 135.
  • Farrukhsiyar (Emperor), 29-31.
  • Fathpur Baloch, 148, 149n.
  • Fath Khan Jat, 19.

G

  • Gaete, 4, 5n, 187n, 188n, 189-190, 192.
  • Gangadhar (Tatiya), 39, 102.
  • Gangaprasad, 133.
  • Garhi Harsaru, story of its capture by the Jats, 87, 145n, 148.
  • Gaurua (Rajput), 91n.
  • Ghazi-ud-din (lmad-ul-mulk), rise of, 49-50; enmity to Suraj Mal, 50; alliance with Suraj Mal, 54; disgraced by Abdali, 63; seeks refuge at Bharatpur, 68; peace with Abdali made and broken, 71; disappointment in the Maratha camp, 75-76; a pensioner of the Tats, 99; Flight to Farrukhabad and hostilities against the Tats, 135.
  • Gohad, Jat principality, 107; Jawahar's alliance with the Rana of, 109, 186.
  • Gokla Jat, 22, 23.
  • Gokul,61.
  • Gopal Singh Jat, 45.
  • Gopalgarh, 166-168.
  • Govardhan, 118, 133-134, 138, 151.
  • Ghulam Qadir (Ruhela), 207.
  • Ghulam Ali (Author), 27, 96, 147n, 163n.

H

  • Haihayas, 11-12, 189, 194-195.
  • Hansia (Rani), 47n, 54, 92, 99, also see under Kishori.
  • Haryana, Jats of, 18; conquered by Suraj Mal, 85; recovered by Najaf Quli, 139.
  • Hari Singh, 201.
  • Hastings, Warren, 135, 138.
  • Hathras, 27, 176.
[Page 221]
  • Himmat Bahadur (Anup Girl), 109, 171, 178.
  • Hinduan, 36, 53, 131, 162.
  • Hira Singh Jat (Salar Jang), ancestry of, 149; enmity to Nawal Singh, 150; recovers Ballamgarh,156.
  • Hisamuddin Khan, 139, 143-144, 145n.
  • Hodal, 33, 52, 149 Hunas,3-4.
  • Husain All (Sayyid), 32.

I

  • Imad-us-Saadat, 67, 108n, 129.
  • Inayat Banu Begum. 32.
  • Indo-Aryans, 4, 5, 12, 189.
  • Indo-Scythian (theory), 4, 187-192.
  • Indus (river), 14, 58, 102n.
  • Intizam-ud-daula 53n, 54-56.
  • Iraq, 1n.
  • Ishwari Singh (Kachhwah), 39-40.
  • Ismail Khan Kabuli, 47-48.
  • Jahandar Shah (Emperor), 29.
  • Jahandar Shah (Prince), 178.
  • Jahan Shah (Prince), 185, 207.

J

  • Jai Singh Sawai (Maharaja), marches against Churaman, 30; besieges Thun, 34; makes Badan Singh chief of Deeg, 34; performs Ashvamedha, 36; death of, 51.
  • Jartrikas, 6-8, 14n.
  • Tathar, 9-10.
  • Jats : country and population, 1; religion and character 2-3; Indo-Aryan origin, 3-5; ethnic peculiarities, 4; alleged descent from Jartrikas refuted, 5-8; relation with Jatharas, 9-10; Jats and Yadavas, 10-14; social customs, 8;, migration of the tribe, 13-14; Jats in Sindh, 14; war with Sultan Mahmud, 16618; punished by Timur and Babur, 19; rebellion at Mathura, 21-22; theories of their origin discussed, 187-192.
  • Jatwan, 16-18. Javid Khan, 49.
  • Jawahar Singh (Maharaja), a Mansabdar of Four thousand, 49; fight with the Durrani, 59; attacks Farrukhnagar, 87; adopted by Rani Kishori, 92; his turbulence. 93; rebellion at Deeg, 93; Wendel's remark on, 94n; disinherited, 94; secures gadi, 98; wages war against Najib, 100; and following: crushes refractory chiefs, 1033108; defeats Malhar, 108; ambitious views of, 109; treaty with Raghunath, 110; relations with the English, 113; and following; sends an envoy to Calcutta, 116; at the height of his power, 116; assumes the title of Maharaja Sawai Jawahar Singh Bharatendra, 118; pilgrimages to Pushkar, 118-122; defeated at Maonda, 118; his misfortunes, 119; death of, 124; character and policy, 126-128; persecution of Islam, 127.
  • Judraj, 133, 153.

K

  • Kalpi,110.
  • Kama, 141-142, 158, lS8n, 159.
  • Kamar, 36-37.

[Page 222]
  • Kashi Jat, 43.
  • Khande Rao, 52.
  • Khem Karan Sogaria, 23n, 38.
  • Kheri Singh. 106n, 130, 137, 164- 165.
  • Khair-ud-din Muhammad (Author). 139n, 145, 146n, U8n, 207.
  • Kirman,14.
  • Kishori (alias Hansia), her juvenile courage, 43; family of, 43n; honourable captivity in the Muslim camp, 183; saves the house of Bharatpur from extinction, 183-184.
  • Koel, 48, 55, 69.
  • Kotman, 87n, 150-151.
  • Kumher, besieged by Marathas, 52; 55-56; held by Ranjit Singh; 132; 164; attacked by Hamadani- 182; besieged by Najaf Khan, 182; fall of, 183; given to Rani Kishori, 184.

L

  • Lachmi Narayan (Raja), 48.
  • Lachhmangarh, 182.
  • Lahor, 19, 28.
  • Lake (Lord), 68, 167n.
  • Lal Kunwar, 29.
  • Latmar Jats 13.

M

  • M. Madec, enters the service of Jawahar, 119n; accompanies Jawahar to Pushkar, 120; employed against Rajputs, 123; accompanies Ratan Singh to Brindaban 129, sides with Nawal Singh, 131; takes part in the battle of Govardhan, 133; leaves Jat service, 138-142; story of his escape, 140-142; fight against the Marathas, 142; defeated by Rahimdad; plans a surprise of Deeg, 169-170; his memoirs, 215.
  • Madho Singh (Kachhwah) claims gadi, 39; mediates peace between Safdar Jang and Ahmad Shah, 49; causes of enmity with Jawahar, 117; victory over the Jats, 119; futile attempts to crush Jawahar, 122-123; false allegation of instigating the murder of Jawahar, 125.
  • Mahmud (Sultan), 17-18, 57.
  • Maidangarhi, 145, 146n, 148n.
  • Malhar Rao Holkar, interferes in Jaipur succession, 39; serves under Safdar Jang, 48; besieges Kuhmher, 52; peace with Suraj Mal, 65; partiality for Najib Khan, 6Sn; unpatriotic conduct,. 70; treated unjustly by Bhao, 76; connives at the departure by Suraj Mal, 80; retreat from Panipat, 82; a hired ally of Jawahar 100, treachery to Jawahar, 102; takes up the cause of Nahar Singh, 107; defeated and chased by the Sikhs and the Jats, 108.
  • Maonda, battle of, 118.
  • Mansaram Jat, 203.
  • Mathura, 11, 21, 22, 25, 45, 59, 61; sacked by the Durranis, 61-62; and following; 176, 195.
  • Mewat, 24, 35, 69, 137, 180.
  • Mirza Najaf Khan, arrival at Delhi, 137; a victim of Court intrigue, 139; war with Marathas, 143; and following; regains his power, 144, 145n; first campaign against Nawal

[Page 223]

Singh, 144; wins the battle of Barsana, 148; captures Agra, 154; secret treaty with Shujaaud-daula, 157; second campaign against the Jats, 157; besieges Deeg 165; gives protection to non-combatants, 170; captures Deeg, 171; subdues Raja Bhup Sirgh, 176; captures Ghausgarh, 178-179; campaign against Rao Raja Pratap Singh, 180-181; interview with Pratap Singh, 181; suffers a reverse at Lachhmangarh, 182; besieges Kumher, 183; peace with Ranjit Singh, 183; last disease and death, 184-186.
  • Mohan Ram Jat, 93, 103-104.
  • Mudsan, 27, 176-177, 178n.
  • Muhammad Beg Hamadani, appointed governor of Agra, 161; distinguishes himself at the siege of Deeg, 168-169; campaigns against Ranjit and the Rao Raja, 180; conducts the siege of Kumher, 181-182.
  • Muhammad Shah, 31-33, 35.
  • Muhkam Singh, 27n, 31, 33-34.
  • Musavi Khan, seized perfidiously by Suraj Mal, 87; released by Jawahar, 106; conducts the siege of Farrukhnagar, 156.

N

  • Nadir Shah, 17, 36, 41, 77.
  • Nagar Mal, 48, 88.
  • Nahar Singh, son of Suraj Mal 86, 107; character, 86; claims succession, 98; made a dharmaputra by Holkar, 108; defeat and suicide, 108; family of, 118.

?


[Page 224]

  • Nek u-siyar, (pretender), 32, 33n.
  • Nilkanth Nagar, 33.
  • Nimrani, 42.
  • Nizam-ul-mulk (Asaf Tah Bahadur), 31,38.

O

  • Oxus (river), 188, 192.

P

  • Palwal, 150.
  • Panipat, 19, 72, 76, 81, 82, 84-85, 100, 13I.
  • Parthians, 4.
  • Pathari, 47.
  • Persia, 14, 188.
  • Peshwar,l.
  • Polier (Major), 156.
  • Pratap Singh Jat, son of Badan Singh, 37; predilection for Islamic culture, 37n.
  • Pratap Singh Kachhwah (Maharaja) suffers from aggressions of Rao Raja, 180; appeals for help to Mirza Najaf, 181n; receives Rajtika, 184n.
  • Pratap Singh Naruka (Rao Raja), a refugee at Bharatpur, 120; aggressive policy of, 177; conquers Mewat from Nawal Singh. 180; interview with Mirza NaJaf, 181; surprises the camp of Mirza Najaf, 181; recognised as Raja of Alwar, 181.
  • Prithivi Singh Kachhwah (Maharaja), 159.
  • Pushkar, armed pilgrimage of Jawahar to 116-122.

Q

  • Qasim (Muhammad bin), 16-17.
  • Qasim (Mir), 85, 11I.

R

  • Radandaz Khan, 22.
  • Rafi-ud-darjat, 31-32.
  • Rafi-ud-daula, 3I.
  • Raghunath Rao, demands tribute from Suraj Mal, 52; besieges Kumher, 52; returns from the first expedition, 57; second expedition, 65; war with Jawahar, 109; treaty with Jawahar, 110; hostile designs against the English and Jats, 114.
  • Rahimdad (Mulla), serves Mirza Najaf, 152; besieges Kotman, 154; captures Kama, 159; joins Nawal Singh, 160; cuts off the detachment of M. Madec, 161, treacherously seizes Deeg, 163; expelled by Ranjit Singh, 163; 164n.
  • Rahmat Khan (Hafiz), 65, 70, 70n, 135, 144.
  • Rajaram Jat, 23-24, 26, 201.
  • Ramchander Ganesh, 131, 135-136.
  • Ranjit Singh (Raja), fights for regency, 131; invites the Sikhs, 131; plots with Marathas, 132; secures Kumher, 132, expels Rahimdad from Deeg, 164; supplants Kheri Singh, 165; besieged at Deeg by Mirza Najaf; 167; escapes to Kumher, 173; stubbornness of, 177; renewed activity of, 179; checked by Hamadani, 180; besieged at Kumher by Mirza Najaf, 183; flight to Bharatpur, 183; submits to Mirza Najaf, 184.
  • Ratan Singh (Raja) early career, 49; succeeds Jawahar, 126; fetes at Brindaban, 129; murdered, 130.

[Page 225]
  • Rewari, 69-70, 183. Rohtak, 2, 12, 87, 95.
  • Rupa Jat, 31.
  • Rupanand Gosain, 129, 13On.
  • Rupram Katari, priest-politician of Bharatpur, 63, 66n, 69; goes to Sindhia and Holkar, 79; advises Suraj Mal to fly from the camp of Bhao, 79-80; beautifies Barsana 102n.
  • Rustam Khan Afridi, 47, 48n.

S

  • Saadat Khan (ZulfiqarJang), 33, 41,41n.
  • Sadashiva Rao (Bhao), instructions of the Peshwa to, 72; fanatical views of, 73; alienates Suraj Mal, 76-77; vandalism of, 77; treacherous design to imprison Suraj Mal, 79; contemplates the destruction of ]at power, 80.
  • Safdar Jang (Abul Mansur Khan), quarrel with Suraj Mal, 45; seeks Suraj Mal's help against the Ruhelas, 46; crushes the Afghan confederacy, 48; civil war with Ghazi-ud-din, 55; joins a plot against the Marathas, 55.
  • Sakala, 7-8.
  • Sakas, 3-4, 195.
  • Sankar (Sunukhar), 158-160.
  • Sardar Singh (Naruka), 39.
  • Sayyid Muhammad Khan (Seydo), 204.
  • Shah Alam II (Emperor), 85, 114, 122, 135, 137, 139, 207-208.
  • Shahdara, 101, 204.
  • Shamsher Bahadur, 60, 83, 129.
  • Sher Shah, 19.
  • Shuja-ud-daula (Nawab) seeks wazirship, 65; designs of Holkar against, 65; joins Abdali, 71; Secures the neutrality of Suraj Mal, 81; enmity to Najib-ud-daula, 85; designs against the English, 111; plots for the overthrow of ]awahar, 123; sends help to Nawal Singh, 155; interview with Mirza Najaf, 156; a treaty of partition of Ruhela territories with Mirza Najaf, 157.
  • Sikandrabad, 55n, 70n, 88n, 146, 147n.
  • Sikhs, Jat element in, 1; fanaticism of, 21; fight with Abdali, 84; projected union with the ]ats, 85-86; alliance with Jawahar, 101; help ]awahar against Holkar, 108; baffle the design of Kachhwahs against Jawahar, 122; take up the cause of Ranjit Singh, 131; alliance with Nawal Singh, 144; burn the suburb of Delhi, 162.
  • Sindh, 1, 6, 12, 14-15.
  • Sinsini, 23, 25-26, 28, 200-201.
  • Sitaram Jat, 87n, 181, 181n.
  • Sogar, 23, 23n, 25, 200.
  • Somru (Sombre) enters the service of Jawahar, 113; bravery in the battle of Maonda, 122n; takes part in the battle of Govardhan, 133-134; assists at the siege of Delhi, 144; takes part in the battle of Barsana, 152-153; deserts the service of Nawal Singh, 156; serves in the Mughal army, 159, 159n;distinguishes himself at the siege of Deeg, 173; bombards the citadel of Deeg, 173.
[Page 226]
  • Sonkh, 200.
  • Sukkartal, 100, 100n.
  • Suraj Mal, bard of Bundi, 40, 121n.
  • Suraj Mal (Raja), physical features, 37; character, 37; helps Ishwari Singh, 39-40; defeats Malhar at Bagru, 40; defeats Zulfiqar Jang, 41; aggressive views of 45; quarrels with Safdar Jang, 45-46; marches against the Ruhelas, 46; occupies Farrukhabad, 47; his part in the civil war, 49-50; war with Raghunath Rao, 52; confederacy against Marathas, 53-54; baffles Marathas, 57; alliance with Ghazi-ud-din, 58; alliance with Marathas, 63; affords shelter to Marathas and Mughal fugitives 66; adheres to the Maratha cause, 67; diplomatic tussle with Abdali, 71; meets Bhao, 73; his advice to Bhao, 77; difference with Bhao, 77; flies from Maratha camp 79-80; makes peace with A bdali 82; hospitality to Mara tha fugitives, 82; captures Agra, 84; conquers Haryana, 85; cotemplates attack upon Delhi, 86; war with Najib-ud-daula, 90; death of Suraj Mal, 88, 2033205; his misgiving about Jawahar, 93; territory and revenue, 96; army, 96-97; buildings at Deeg, 166.

T

  • Taga,13.
  • Taj Muhammad Khan, 147, 153n.
  • Tej Ram (Katari), 54.
  • Thun, 27n, 28, 30.
  • Tilpat 22.
  • Timur (Amir), 19, 69, 88, 184.
  • Tomavati, 120.
  • Tughlaqabad, 81, 146n.
  • Tukoji Holkar, 131, 133, 135, 137, 142.

U

  • Udaynala, 111.
  • Umrao Giri, 109.

V

  • Vaer (see under Wair).
  • Visaji Pandit, 131, 135.

W

  • Wair, 35, 37, 53n, 96, 103, 200.
  • Wendel, F. Xavier, 23n, 32n, 37n, 67, 68n, 84, 86n, 90, 95, 100, 203, 205.

X

Y

  • Yadava (Yadu), the alleged descent of the Jats from, 10-11; Sujata branch of, 11-12; legendary history of, 193-199; and following.
  • Yaqub All Khan 88-89, 89n, 2044205.
  • Yuechi, 3; 192.

Z

  • Zabita Khan, son of Najibdaula, 102-103, 136n, 137; attacked by the Marathas, 142; alliance with Jats and Marathas, 142; hostile designs of Mirza Najaf, 157; alliance with the Sikhs, 162; war with the imperialists, 178-179; conciliated by Mirza Najaf, 183.
  • Zulkaran, 31, 34.

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