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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)

Ikshu (इक्षु) is a River mentioned in Puranas and considered to be located in Shakadvipa. N L De considers Ikshu to be the same as Vankshu or Oxus Rivers.[1]


Ikshu River (इक्षु) (AS, p.77)


Mention by Panini

Ikshu (इक्षु) is a term mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [2]

Ikshu (इक्षु) is name of a place mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi under Nadadi (नडादि) (4.2.91) group. [3]

Ikshu (इक्षु), is name of a place mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi under Madhvadi (मध्वादि) (4.2.86) group. [4]


Jat History

Hukum Singh Panwar (Pauria)[5] writes... What is the ethnic stock of these Rigvedic republican tribes? Is there any ethnic affinity between the Paninian and the Rigvedic republican tribes? Answers to these questions will go a long way in determining the ethnological connexions and antiquity of the forefathers of the Jats, who are already identified as the descendents of the republican tribes described by Panini. There are conflicting views regarding the ethnic affinity of some tribes who fought against the Bharatas in the Dasarajna war. Mr. Ram Chandra Jain holds that they were pre-Aryan non-Aryan Bharatiya jana or people organised as republics during the troublous times of national peril212. But in view of the overwhelming evidence, Jain's assertion is unacceptable,

The Yadus, Turbasus, Druhyus, Anus and Purus were positively Aryans of the Lunar stock213. The Ajas, Sigrus, and Yakshus, the eastern tribes, are generally regarded as non-Aryan, though there is no definite information on this point214. Giving them the benefit of doubt, they too, might be regarded as some Aryan tribes, for we come across Aja and Ajas as an Aryan king and people in Ayodhya and Aja-Midha as a king and family in the Pururav stock215. It is very interesting to note that there are Aja, Ajarya, Ajurya, Aja-Midha and Midha or Mirdha sanskritised as Gurjar) tribes among the Jats. Similarly, we find or Sigru or Sigroha and Jakhar among them. The last tribe, (viz. the Jakhar) claim Jakha or Jakhu (Yaksha or Yakshu) to be their most ancient eponymous progenitor216. After their defeat on the Yamuna

212. Jain, RC; op. cit., p. 28.

213. The R.V., Brahmanas, Mbt, CV. Vaidya, Pargiter, Pusalker, RK., Mllkerji and a host of native and alien scholars support it.

214. Pusalker, A.D.; Aryan Settlements in Ind., in the Vedic Age, Bhartiya Vidya Bhavan, Bombay, 1965, p. 251.

215. Pargiter. F.E.; AIHT, Delhi, 1972, pp. 92, 121,126,136,147,132; 99-101, 110-13, 115-17. 122-3.225-27.

216. Yoginder Pal Shastri, op.cit., p. 468. Amichandra Sharma,Jat Varna Mimamsa, V.S. 1967. p. 2 . The Jats of Jakhar tribe traditionally remember Jakha or Jakhu as their progenitor.

The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations: End of p.150

river they migrated to the Oxus (Greek name) valley and gave name to the valley as Jaksha or Jaaksha217, which was Sanskritised Ikshu or Chakshu, (because I = J = CH, Viz. Jattaur = Chitor)

217. Bhargava.M.L.: Geog. of the Rigvedic India, Lucknow, 1964, p.129; The author opines that Budakhsis and their city Badakshan are known after the combined name of Bheda, the leader of the Yaksus and that of the latter, Bheda is also Jat gotra.

इक्षु नदी

विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[6] ने लेख किया है ... इक्षु नदी (AS, p.77) को विष्णु पुराण के अनुसार शाकद्वीप की एक नदी कहा गया है। 'नद्यश्चात्र महापुष्या: सर्वपापभयापहा:, सुकुमारी कुमारी च नलिनी घेनुका च या। इक्षुश्चवेणुकाचैव गभस्ती सप्तमी तथा अन्याश्चशतशस्तत्र क्षुद्रनद्यो महामुने' (विष्णु पुराण 2,4,65-66.). श्री नंदलाल डे के अनुसार इक्षु वंक्षु या आक्सस नदी है.

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