Jadu Ka Dang

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Jadu Ka Dang (जदू का डांग) is hill range in the Jhelam Salt range ; whence Lunar race passed a great colony into Zabulistan and where they founded the city of Gajni (modern Ghazni) (Afghanistan). The Salt Ranges of the Punjab are also called "Jadu Ka Dang". [1] The place has special importance for the understanding of history of some of the Jat Clans especially the Bhatti clan.

Variants of name

History

H. W. Bellew [2] writes that Gadun represent the great Yadu tribe, which, according to Tod ("Annals of Rajasthan"), was the most illustrious of all the tribes of Ind." Their name became the patronymic of the descendants of Budha, progenitor of the Lunar race. Their early seat in these parts was in the Jadu Ka Dang, or "Hills of the Yadu," in the Jelam Salt range ; whence they passed a great colony into Zabulistan, where they founded the city of Gajni (modern Ghazni), and "peopled those countries even to Samarkand." In the Zabul country they adopted the name of Bhatti (whence the Afghan Batani perhaps). Another branch of the Yadu, which settled in Siwistan (modern Sibi) under the name of Jareja, also changed their cognomen, and adopted as their patronymic the title of their illustrious ancestor Hari, or Krishna, who was styled Sama, or Shama, on account of his dark complexion. Since their conversion to Islam this name has been changed to Jam which is the title of the petty Jareja princes of Las Bela in Balochistan.

The Gadun of Mahaban are a branch of the Gadun, or Jadun, of Pakli in Hazarah (Abhisara of Sanskrit) on the opposite side of the Indus, where they are settled along the Dorh river (whence the Dorvabhisara of the Rajataringini) as far as the Urash plain ; perhaps a former seat of the Urash, Wurash, Borish, or Biorisha tribe of Rajput.

Migration of Yadus

James Tod[3] writes that the tide of Yadu migration during the lapse of thirty centuries, traces them, from Indraprastha, Surapura, Mathura, Prayaga, Dwarica, Jadu Ka Dang (the mountains of Jud), Behera, Ghazni in Zabulistan ; and again refluent into India, at Salivahanpura or Salpura in the Punjab. Tannot, Derawal, Lodorva in the desert, and finally Jaisalmer, founded in S. 1212, or A.D. 1156.

References

  1. History of the Jats/Chapter V
  2. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan By H. W. Bellew, The Oriental University Institute, Woking, 1891, p.86
  3. James Tod: Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Volume II, Annals of Jaisalmer, p.194-195

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