Karwa

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Manak Lal Kadwa, Sinod, Ratlam

Karwa/ Kadwa/ Kadwa (कड़वा) Kadawa (कड़वा) Kadwal (कड़वाल) Kadwal (कदवाल)[1] is a well known Jat caste in Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. Jats of Karwasra, Karwa, Bhagasra and Dahiya gotras are considered as brothers and marriages are not allowed among each others.

Origin

The Jats of Karwasra and Karwa have originated from Kadavarao (कड़वाराव) in the line of Rishi Dadhichi. A Place named Karwa is mentioned by (Al Bírúní)[2]

In Mahabharata

Kadaka (कडक) was A northern tribe in Yudhisthira's army in Mahabharata (VI.46.49).

पिशाचा थरथाश चैव पुण्ड्राः कुण्डी विषैः सह
मडका कडकाश चैव तङ्गणाः परपङ्गणाः (VI.46.49)
The Mahabharata Tribe - Kadaka (कडक) may be identified with Jat Gotra - Kadawa (कड़वा)

History

Ram Sarup Joon[3] writes that Karhwasra gotra gets name from their most prominent ruler Karhwa Rao[4] or Karhwasra Rao.A rock inscription inscribed by his grandson was found in village Manglana in district of Maroth in Jodhpur princely state, in which they have been called as Dahiyas. It was inscribed in 1215 AD and has been referred to in the book 'Indians in the Cauvery' on pages 87 and 88.

Kinsariya inscriptions of Chachha Dahiya of 1056-57 SV. are reported in El, Vol. XII, pp. 56-57. He is mentioned as "Kulam Dahiyākam Jātam" and the inscriptions gives at least four generations of that prince.

The Kinsariya inscription of year 999 AD, in the temple of Kevay Goddess, at village Kinsaria (किनसरिया), in tahsil Parbatsar district Nagaur shows that Dahiyas have originated from Dadhichi Rishi. The chronology of the rulers of Dahiya clan is as under: • Dadhichi (दधिची) , • Vimal Raja (विमल राजा) , •Sivar (सिवर) , • Kulkhat (कुलखत) , • Atar (अतर) , • Ajayvah (अजयवाह) , • Vijayvah (विजयवाह), • Susal (सुसल) , • Shalivahan (शालिवाहन) , • Narwad (नरवाड़) , • Choohad (चूहड़) , • Deoraj (देवराज) , • Gunrang (गुणरंग) , • Kadavarao (कड़वाराव) , • Kirti Singh (कीर्ति सिंह) , • Bairi Singh (बैरी सिंह) , • Chachcha Rana (चच्चा राणा) .

The Jats of Karwasra and Karwa have originated from Kadavarao (कड़वाराव).

Jats of Karwasra, Karwa, Bhagasra and Dahiya gotras are considered as brothers and marriages are not allowed among each of these gotras.

Villages founded by Karwa clan

Distribution in Rajasthan

Locations in Jaipur city

Barkat Nagar,

Lalkothi, Lavkush Nagar, Nirman Nagar,

Villages in Jaipur district

Boraj, Chandrapura Chandma (2), Ganeshpura Dudu (1), Karwo Ka Bas (Dudu), Mandawara Nareda (1), Shri Rampura,

Villages in Churu district

Roopeli, Sujangarh (3),

Villages in Pali district

Chandawal Nagar,

Villages in Nagaur district

Bagar Merta (), Barsoona, Dabri, Dabriya, Degana Ganw, Deori, Jhunjharpura (1), Karwan Ki Dhani, Khivtana (10), Lalana Khurd, Manglana, Mithariya, Noond, Palri Kadwan,

Villages in Hanumangarh district

Goluwala Sihagan, Lilanwali, Pacca Saharana, Ratnisar, Mahajan,

Villages in Chittorgarh district

Soobi (3),

Villages in Tonk district

Nayagaon (2), Raghunathpura Parli (1),

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Sirsa District

Khai Shergarh

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Mandsaur district

Betikheri, Molyakheri,

Villages in Nimach district

Aspura (1), Barkheda Jat (1), Kesarpura (3), Morvan (1), Khadawda (1), Nagpura (1),

Villages in Ratlam district

Villages in Ratlam district with population of Kadwa (कड़वा) gotra are:

Badauda 2, Bangrod 2, Chikliya 1, Dheekwa 1, Ghatwas 1, Kalori khurd 1, Mundari 1, Namli 3, Narayangarh sailana 1, Rupa kheda 1, Sikhedi 3, Sinod 25, Surana 1,

Villages in Harda district

Nandara,

Notable persons from this gotra

  • Late ch. Bheem Raj ji Karwa - Rajya Sabha M.P., 2 times
  • Ch. Vinod Kumar Karwa - Now MLA from Hanumangarh) is the famous person from this Gotras.
  • Late ch. Laxman Ram ji Karwa (1880-1950) is also a very good astrologist-cum-Jayotishi. Late Maharaja of Bikaner GANGASINGH share his turben with him.
  • Surbhi Karwa - Scored 10th Rank in Board of Secondary Education, Rajasthan, Secondary School Examination-2010. She is from village [[]] in Jodhpur district in Rajasthan.[5]
  • Bhanwar Ram Kadwa - Assistant Director AGRICULTURE, Vill.- Devari PO- Budsu,Teh.- Makrana, Distt.- Nagaur. Present Address : 69/133,Veer Tejaji Road, MANSAROVER, Jaipur, Resident Phone Number : 0141-2780020, Mobile Number : 9414388404
  • Atul Chaudhary (Kadwa) - IIT (2011), From Pushkar, Ajmer
  • Krishan Kadwa - elected in Rajasthan Assembly as BJP MLA-2013 from Sangaria constituency.
  • लछमन राम कडवाड़ा, बागड़ - मारवाड़ जाट कृषक सुधार सभा की प्रबंधकारिणी और कार्यकारिणी में रहकर आप ने जाट जाति की सेवा करके अपने को कृतार्थ किया है। [6]

References


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