Kadiyan

From Jatland Wiki
(Redirected from Kadyan)
Jump to: navigation, search
A Kadyan Jat

Kadiyan (X , not used) or Kadian (कादियान)[1] or Kadyan (काद्यान, कादयान)[2] gotra Jats are found in Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Pakistan. They were supporters of Saroya Confederacy. [3]

There is chobisi (24 village) of Kadyan's in Haryana. Kadyan's are descendants of ancestor Kada,[4] which in Persian language means powerful. Sangu, Jakhu and Kada were in relation and they are said to have given names to Sangwan, Jakhar and Kadyan Jat gotras.[5] That's why many years back there existed no matrimonial relationship among these three gotras.

Origin

History

A Kadiyan Jat

A.Cunningham[7] gives details of Inscriptions on Rails— S. W. Quadrant in Bharhut Stupa established during Ashoka's rule reads as under:

Pātaliputa Kodiyāniya Sakaja Devāyā dānam.

Cunningham has translated it as under:

" Gift of Sakaja Deva, of the race of Kaundinya of Pataliputra."

A.Cunningham[8] further describes and translates one more Inscriptions on Rails— S. W. Quadrant in Bharhut Stupa established during Ashoka's rule as under:

56. Kadāya Yakhiya dānam. = "Gift of Kada Yakshi."

Kodiyāniya and Kada both refer to the Kadiyan clan.

They are mentioned by Cunningham[9] in an inscription at the Buddhist Stupa of Sanchi of the Ashoka period as under:

No. 6. — Kādasa-bhichhuno- dānam.
Swastika symbol of Aryans

Bhim Singh Dahiya[10] writes that J.F. Fleet, referring to the inscriptions on the top of a lid of the steatite casket found in stupa No.2 at Andheri, near Sanchi,[11] says that it should be, plainly read.

Sapurisasa Gotiputasa Kakanada-Pabhasanasa Kodina-Gotasa.

This has been translated by Fleet as,

"The relics of the virtuous Prabhasana of Kakanada, the Gotiputra, of the Kaundinya gotra".

Here no explanation has been given for the word 'Gotiputra'. It is similar to the word 'Rajaputra' occurring in the Kura inscriptions of Toramana, and it can only mean the son of a Jat. The gotra itself which Fleet changes into Kaundinya, may well be Kadin, the modern Kadian. [12]

Bhim Singh Dahiya [13] further writes about Kadyan gotra: We have already quoted inscriptional evidence mentioning a Kadan who is also called "Goti-Putra". Ancient coins have also been found with the legend 'Kāḍasa' in early Brahmi characters. Kadasa (Sanskrit Kāḍasya) means "(the coins of the Kāḍas". According to John Allan, these coins have not yet been attributed. [14] It has been suggested that the name Kāḍa may be for Sanskrit Kala. Cunningham says that Kāḍa may be equated with Kadrava, the descendant of Kadru. [15] Both these suggestions are untenable and these coins really belong to the Kādān or as it is now written, Kadyan clan. The original name is Kaḍā which means high in Persian language and the suffix 'an' is added to it. The places like Kādyān near Amritsar and another place Kadān in Balochistan is named after them. As John Allan states, the name is a tribal name and not that of a ruler. The coins were found along with the coins of Kunindas and therefore, point to a Punjab provenance. They belonged to the third century B.C. or early second century B.C. The standing figure on the coins holds a spear or sceptre in the left hand. The symbols on the coins are those of the Sun, the Swastika, etc.

Kadian (कादियान) tribe of Jats is found in Karnal. It has its head-quarters at Siwa and its original home was near Beri in Rohtak. [16]

According to H.A. Rose [17]Jakhar (जाखड़) is a tribe of Jats, claiming (Chauhan or Udhi) descent. Jaku, their eponym, migrated from Bikaner to Jhajjar in Rohtak. A Raja of Dwarka had a bow which Jaku failed to bend, in spite of the promised reward. In shame he left his native land and settled in Bikaner. The legend clearly points to the loss of military status by the Jakhars. Of the same stock are the Sangwan, Piru, and Kadian Jats.

काद्यान गोत्र का इतिहास

पंडित अमीचन्द्र शर्मा[18]ने लिखा है: काद्यान गोत्र के जाटों का बड़ा कादा था। कादा भी सरोहा क्षत्रिय था। सरोहा संघ मुख्यत: जाट गोत्रों से ही बना था। वह सांगू का सहोदर भाई था। कादे को कादू भी कहते थे। कादू भी अपने भाई सांगू के साथ ही अजमेर से आया था और जिला रोहतक में बस गया। कादू भी जाट संघ में सामिल हो गया। उसने करेवा किया था। कादू के नाम पर काद्यान गोत्र जाट गोत्र प्रारम्भ हुआ। जिला रोहतक में इनके 12 गाँव हैं – बेरी , माजरा, दूबलधन आदि इनके मुख्य गाँव हैं।

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Bhiwani district

Bhariwas,

Villages in Kaithal district

Jakholi

Villages in Faridabad district

Panhera Khurd,

Villages in Jhajjar district

Baghpur, Beri, Beyoli, Daadyan, Dharanna, Dhaur, Dubaldhan, Dubaldhan Majra, Madana, Mangawas, Siwana,

Villages in Panipat district

Sivah, Bajana, Jatol Panipat, Nangal Kheri, Garhi Sivah,

Villages in Rohtak district

Chhuanna, Cheemni, Garhi Ballab, Mokhara,

Villages in Yamuna Nagar district

Harnaul,

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Muzaffarnagar district

Bhainswal, Johra, Mustafabad, Muzaffarnagar, Nai Nangla, Pachenda Kala, Pachainda Khurd, Usmanpur,

Villages in Saharanpur district

Gangauli

Distribution in Rajasthan

KADYAN FARM HOUSE,VILLAGE-PIPALI, DISTT-JHUNJHUNU (RAJASTHAN) Shanti Nagar (Jaipur),

Villages in Hanumangarh district

Sangaria,

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Bhopal, Khadawda (Nimach), Ratlam 1,

Villages in Ratlam district

Villages in Ratlam district with population of Kadiyan (काडीयान) gotra are:

Ratlam 4,

Villages in Gwalior district

Lashkar (Gwalior),

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Jalandhar district

Villages in Ludhiana district

Distribution in Pakistan

Qadianis tribe found in Badin district in Sindh province of Pakistan.

Notable persons

  • Prof Sher Singh - Ex Deputy Chief Minister of Punjab in the Fifties.
  • Dr. Raghuvir Singh Kadian - Former speaker of Haryana Vidhan Sabha.
  • Lt Gen RS Kadian - From village Dubaldhan Majra (दूबलधन माजरा).
  • Ch. Banwari Lal Kadiyan - Retd. CSO R/o Pipali (JhunJhunu).
  • Mohinder Singh Kadian - Tehsildar (Retd.).
  • Chhatar Singh Kadyan - Pradhan Kadyan Khap, Dubaldhan.
  • Major Mahinder Singh Kadiyan -
  • Pamella Bordes -
  • Haridev Kadyan - Rowing.
  • Ravi kadian - Rowing.
  • Naresh Kadyan - Renowned Animal Rights Activist.
  • Dr. Om Parkash Kadyan - Retired B.D.O - At present Editer & Yoga / Naturecure centre.
  • Dr. Sudhir Kadian - prominent doctor.
  • Dr. Rajeshwar Singh Kadian - prominent doctor
  • Sanwal Singh Kadyan - Socialist from Dubaldhan & Ex President of Kadyan khap.
  • Rt. SP. Jile Singh Kadyan - Retired Superintendent of Police from Village - Dharana.
  • Abhishek Kadyan - Hon. Animal Welfare Officer, AWBI (Ministry of Environment and Forest - Govt. of India) / Member, District Public Relation and Grievances Committee (Govt. of Haryana) / Media Adviser to United Nations affiliated OIPA in India - PFA Haryana.
  • Mrs. Suman Malik Kadyan, Manager Retail and Rep. of OIPA at Toronto in Canada.
  • Satbir Kadyan - Former Speaker, Haryana Vidhan Sabha.
  • Lt. Col. Rajan Kadyan - ASC Core.
  • L. D. Shri Purjit Singh Kadian - Won 7 Medals in 2nd World war (BERI).
  • Narender Kadyan - Tehsildar.
  • Lt. Col. Rizak Ram Kadyan - Jag Branch.
  • Mukesh Kadyan - Social Service.
  • Ram Phal Kadyan - DSP, Ganour.
  • Sharda Kadyan - Animal Rights Activist.
  • Sukanya Kadyan Berwal- Hon. Animal Welfare Officer, AWBI (Ministry of Environment and Forest - Govt. of India) / Member, District Public Relation and Grievances Committee (Govt. of Haryana) / Programme Director to United Nations affiliated OIPA in India.
  • Satnarayan Kadyan - Secretary to Speaker ,Haryana Vidhan Sabha.
  • Ajay Kumar Kadian - IFS, Haryana, 1987.
  • Rajesh Kadyan - IRS ,Delhi.
  • Krishna Kadyan - Constituted Jat Sabha ,Andhra Pradesh.A Resident of Dubaldhan ,Rohtak.
  • Lt Col Rajeev Singh Kadian - Beri ,(Nirachia) Aoc Officer.
  • Sumitra Kadyan - Haryana Judicial Services (Jat Jyoti:4/2013)

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. क-51
  2. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.239, s.n.103
  3. Jat Varna Mimansa (1910) by Pandit Amichandra Sharma,p. 57
  4. Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Adhunik Jat Itihas, Agra 1998, p. 229
  5. Jat Varna Mimansa (1910): Pandit Amichandra Sharma, Published by Lala Devidayaluji Khajanchi, pp.21-24
  6. Jat Varna Mimansa (1910): Pandit Amichandra Sharma, Published by Lala Devidayaluji Khajanchi, p.23
  7. The stūpa of Bharhut,p. 139
  8. The stūpa of Bharhut,p. 142
  9. The Bhilsa topes: Inscriptions, P. 235
  10. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/The Empire of the Dharan Jats, Misnamed Guptas,p.187
  11. Bhilsa Tope, p. 347; and Plate XXIX, No.7
  12. CII, Vol. III, p. 31.
  13. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Appendices/Appendix III, pp.337-38
  14. Catalogue of the coins of ancient India, Orient Reprint, 1975, SS 103.
  15. ASIAR, Vol. II, p. 10,
  16. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/K,p.420
  17. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/J,p.349-50
  18. Jat Varna Mimansa (1910), Author: Pandit Amichandra Sharma, Published by Lala Devidayaluji Khajanchi, pp.21-22

Back to Gotras