Kalak

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Kalak (कलक) is a gotra of Jats.[1]

Origin

Kalaka was a Madraka town in district Sheikhupura, Pakistan.[2]

Mention by Panini

Kalaka (कालक) is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [3]

History

After a long span of time, it was in the 9th, 7th and 2nd centuries B.C. that powerful hordes of the Scythians, known as Yueh-Chih (Gat or Gut or Gutian in archaic Chinese) uprooted the Sakas from the Jaxartes and they moved to Seistan in the South-West101. It was in Seistan that the Sakas received an invitation from an Indian Jain Patnarch, Acharya Kalak to invade India, for he wanted to avenge himself on Gardabhilla, the king of Ujjayini, who had seduced his sister, a pretty nun102. With the Yueh-chih on their heels and fresh encounters with their Parthian kings from north eastern Iran, the Sakas, sensing their stay in Seistan becoming hazardous, readily accepted the invitation of Kalaka. [4]


Ram Sarup Joon [5] writes ...Bahik, Bahi, Bahin or Bahela: Bahik Jats is found both among the Hindu and Sikhs. In Pakistan there are Muslim Bahele Jats-, Bahiks are mentioned in Mahabharat also. According to "Karna Parva", chapter of the Mahabharat) King Shalya paid l/6th part of his income to the Bahiks. According to Nandlal Dey, Bahik are a sub branch of the Madraks. Arat in district Sheikhupura was their capital. Hashak, Karmabh Kalak and Karkar were their important towns. In Daurala (District Meerut, U.P.) the Bahiyan Jats have six villages.

Notable persons

Distribution

kalak is a village in Ludhiana East tahsil in Ludhiana district in the Indian state of Punjab.

External links

References

  1. डॉ पेमाराम:राजस्थान के जाटों का इतिहास, 2010, पृ.297
  2. Ram Sarup Joon: History of the Jats/Chapter V, p.71-72
  3. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.230
  4. The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations:p. 317
  5. Ram Sarup Joon: History of the Jats/Chapter V, p.71-72

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