Kantia

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Kantia(कांटिया) Kantiya (कांटिया)[1] Kantya (कांट्या) Katia (काटिया) Katiya (काटिया) Katya (कटया) Katiya (कातिया) gotra Jats live in Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh.

Origin

Cantiaci or Cantii were an Iron Age Celtic people living in Britain before the Roman conquest, and gave their name to a civitas of Roman Britain. They lived in the area now called Kent, in south-eastern England. Their capital was Durovernum Cantiacorum, now Canterbury. Kantia clan people are probably descendants of Cantiaci or Cantii tribes.

Mention by Panini

Kantaka (कंटक) is name of a place mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi under Kashadi (काशादि) (4.2.80.5) group. [2]

History

Cantiaci or Cantii were an Iron Age Celtic people living in Britain before the Roman conquest, and gave their name to a civitas of Roman Britain. They lived in the area now called Kent, in south-eastern England. Their capital was Durovernum Cantiacorum, now Canterbury. Kantia clan people are probably descendants of Cantiaci or Cantii tribes.


Julius Caesar landed in Cantium in 55 and 54 BCE, the first Roman expeditions to Britain. He recounts in his De Bello Gallico v. 14:

"Ex his omnibus longe sunt humanissimi qui Cantium incolunt, quae regio est maritima omnis, neque multum a Gallica differunt consuetudine."
"Of all these (British tribes), by far the most civilised are they who dwell in Kent, which is entirely a maritime region, and who differ but little from the Gauls in their customs."


Julius Caesar named five Celtic tribes inhabiting the land that would become the "heartland of the Catuvellauni": the Ancalites, the Bibroci, the Cassi, the Cenimagni, and the Segontiaci, each with their own 'king' or chieftain. He found their way of life to be very similar to their cousins in Gaul with whom they were close - the invasion of Britain may have been triggered by the Britons' supply of arms to the Gauls, who were being subjugated by the Romans.[3]

Caesar mentions four kings, Segovax, Carvilius, Cingetorix, and Taximagulus, who held power in Cantium at the time of his second expedition in 54 BCE. The British leader Cassivellaunus, besieged in his stronghold north of the Thames, sent a message to these four kings to attack the Roman naval camp as a distraction. The attack failed, a chieftain called Lugotorix was captured, and Cassivellaunus was forced to seek terms.

In the century between Caesar's expeditions and the conquest under Claudius (starting in 43 CE), kings in Britain began to issue coins stamped with their names. The following kings of the Cantiaci are known:

  • Dubnovellaunus: May have been an ally or sub-king of Tasciovanus of the Catuvellauni, or a son of Addedomarus of the Trinovantes: Presented himself as a supplicant to Augustus c. 7 BCE.
  • Eppillus, originally king of the Atrebates: Coins indicate he became king of the Cantiaci c. 15 CE, at the same time as his brother Verica became king of the Atrebates.
  • Adminius, son of Cunobelinus: Seems to have ruled on his father's behalf, beginning c. 30 CE. Suetonius tells us he was exiled by Cunobelinus c. 40 CE, leading to Caligula's aborted invasion of Britain.
  • Anarevito/Avarevito, known only from a coin discovered in 2010, probably a descendant of Eppillus and ruling c. 10 BCE - 20 CE[4]

Distribution in Rajasthan

Villages in Ganganagar district

46 RBA Padampur,

First person came to live here was Shri Jetharam Kantia. Now Shri Dularam Kantia, Shri Maniram Kantia, Shri Balwant Kantia and thier families are staying here.

Villages in Hanumangarh district

Sangaria,

Villages in Tonk district

Kantiya (कांटिया) Jats live in villages: Pratappura Katwa (2),

Katya (कटया) Jats live in villages: Bagdi (1),

Villages in Sawai Madhopur district

Khijuri ,

Villages in Bhilwara district

Biharipura Bhilwara,

Villages in Nagaur district

Peedwa (2),

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Mandsaur district

Pipalkhuta, Kacharia Jat,

Villages in Nimach district

Nagpura (2), Nagpura (2), Nimach (1), Khadawda (5), Fatehnagar (1),

Villages in Ratlam district

Villages in Ratlam district with population of this gotra are:

Namli 1,

Villages in Dhar district

Kantias live in Badwai (बडवई) village in Badnawar tahsil in Dhar district in Madhya Pradesh. Villages in Dhar district are:

Badwai, Dattigara (6),

Villages in Harda district

Abagaon Khurd (4), Goyat Harda, Nandara, Samsabad,

Notable person from this gotra

External Links

References

  1. डॉ पेमाराम:राजस्थान के जाटों का इतिहास, 2010, पृ.297
  2. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.502
  3. Sargent, Andrew (2013-10-15). The Story of the Thames. Amberley Publishing Limited. ISBN 9781445612010.
  4. New iron age king.pdf "Archived copy" (PDF).



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