Kauravya

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Kauravya (कौरव्य) was name of a Janapada and were people of the same name known to Panini and mentioned in Mahabharata. Kauravya was name of a Nagavanshi king.

Origin

  • Kauravya is derived from Kuru
  • Kauravya (कौरव्य) was a Nagavanshi king.

Mention by Panini

Kauravya (कौरव्य) is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [1]


Kauravyayani (कौरव्यायणि) is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [2]

Variants

History

V. S. Agrawala[3] writes that Ashtadhyayi of Panini mentions janapada Kauravya (कौरव्य) under Bhargadi (भर्गादि) (IV.1.178).


V. S. Agrawala[4] writes that Panini mentions Kshatriya caste in connection with Gotras, janapadas and sanghas. For example the Kuru Gotra appeared both in Brahmanas (IV.1.151) and Kshatriyas (IV.1.172). If the father was a Brahmana, he and his young (yuvan) son were both called Kauravya but if Kshatriya they would be Kauravya and Kauravyāyaṇi (II.4.58, Kashika).

In Mahabharata

Kauravya (कौरव्य) is mentioned in Mahabharata (I.31.13), (I.52.11), (II.28.33), (II.31.8), (II.48.24), (V.101.15), (VI.10.53), (VIII.23.25), (VIII.30.73), (IX.45.9).


Adi Parva, Mahabharata/Mahabharata Book I Chapter 31 mentions names of Chief Nagas. Kauravya is included in verse (I.31.13). [5]


Adi Parva, Mahabharata/Mahabharata Book I Chapter 52 mentions Names of all those Nagas that fell into the fire of the snake-sacrifice. Kauravya is included in verse (I.52.11). [6].... Nagas of the race Kauravya: Now hear, the names of the snakes I mention born in the race of Kauravya: Aindila, Kundala, Munda, Veniskandha, Kumaraka, Bahuka, Shringavega, Dhurtaka, Patapatara and Astaka (?). There born in the race of Kauravya fell into the fire.


Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 31 mentions Kshatriyas brought tributes on Rajasuya sacrifice of Yudhisthira. Kauravya is included in verse (II.31.8). [7]


Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 48 describes Kings who presented tributes to Yudhishthira. Kauravya is included in verse (II.48.24). [8]


Vana Parva, Mahabharata/Book III Chapter 48 describes Rajasuya sacrifice of Yudhisthira attended by the chiefs of many islands and countries. Kauravya is included in verse (III.48.24)...."I shall, O chief of the Kurus, assisted by Rama and Bhima and Arjuna and the twins and Akrura and Gada and Shamva and Pradyumna...." [9]


Udyoga Parva/Mahabharata Book V Chapter 101 mentions Bhogavati city and innumerable Nagas. Kauravya is included in verse (V.101.15). [10]


Bhisma Parva, Mahabharata/Book VI Chapter 10 Describes geography and provinces of Bharatavarsha. Kauravya as a province is included in verse (VI.10.53)...."the Darvikas, the Kachas, the Darvas, the Vatajamas, the Rathoragas, Bahuvadyas, the Kauravyas, the Sudamanas, the Sumallikas;...." [11]


Karna Parva/Mahabharata Book VIII Chapter 23 mentions Kauravya in verse (VIII.23.25). [12]


Karna Parva/Mahabharata Book VIII Chapter 30 gives description blaming the Vahikas and Madrakas. Kauraveya is included in verse (VIII.30.73) [13]


Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 28 mentions Sahadeva's march towards south: kings and tribes defeated. Kauraveya is included in verse (II.28.33) [14]


Shalya Parva, Mahabharata/Book IX Chapter 45 gives List of the mothers who became the companions when Skanda was installed. Kauraveya is included in verse (IX.45.9). [15]

External links

References

  1. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.77
  2. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.77
  3. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p. 498
  4. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p. 76
  5. अपराजितॊ जयॊतिकश च पन्नगः श्रीवहस तथा, कौरव्यॊ धृतराष्ट्रश च पुष्करः शल्यकस तथा (I.31.13)
  6. ऐरावत कुलाद एते परैविष्टा हव्यवाहनम, कौरव्य कुलजान नागाञ शृणु मे दविजसत्तम (I.52.11)
  7. सॊमथत्तॊ ऽद कौरव्यॊ भूरिर भूरिश्रवाः शलः, अश्वत्दामा कृपॊ थरॊणः सैन्धवश च जयथ्रदः (II.31.8)
  8. कृती तु राजा कौरव्य शूक्राणां विशां पते, अथथथ गजरत्नानां शतानि सुबहून्य अपि (II.48.24)
  9. रामेण सह कौरव्य भीमार्जुनयमैस तदा, अक्रूर गथ साम्बैश च परथ्युम्नेनाहुकेन च (III.48.24)
  10. 5 दिलीपः शङ्खशीर्षश च जयॊतिष्कॊ ऽथापराजितः, कौरव्यॊ धृतराष्ट्रश च कुमारः कुशकस तथा
  11. दर्वीकाः सकचा दर्वा वातजाम रथॊरगाः, बहु वाद्याश च कौरव्य सुदामानः सुमल्लिकाः (VI.10.53)
  12. न चाभिकामान कौरव्य विधाय हृथये पुमान, अस्मथ्विधः परवर्तेत मा मा तवम अतिशङ्किदाः (VIII.23.25)
  13. बराह्मं पाञ्चाला कौरवेयाः सवधर्मः; सत्यं मत्स्याः शूरसेनाश च यज्ञः, पराच्या दासा वृषला थाक्षिणात्याः; सतेना बाह्लीकाः संकरा वै सुराष्ट्राः
  14. उत्तिष्ठॊत्तिष्ठ कौरव्य जिज्ञासेयं कृता मया, वेथ्मि सर्वम अभिप्रायं तव धर्मसुतस्य च (II.28.33)
  15. पद्मावती सुनक्षत्रा कन्दरा बहुयॊजना, संतानिका च कौरव्य कमला च महाबला (IX.45.9)

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