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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)

Kothoor (कोठूर) is a mountain and historical place in Ganjam district of Orissa. It has been mentioned as Kottura (कोट्टूर) in Allahabad pillar inscription of Samudragupta which was ruled by Svāmidatta and subjugated by Samudragupta.


  • Kotturagiri (कोट्टूरगिरि) (वर्तमान Kothur : कोठूर, जिला गंजम, उड़ीसा) दे. Girikottura (गिरिकोट्टूर) (AS, p.232)
  • Kottura (कोट्टूर)
  • Girikotura गिरिकोटूर= Kotturagiri कौट्टूरगिरि (AS, p.288)



Tej Ram Sharma [1] writes about 7. Kottura (कोट्टूर) mentioned in (No. 1, L. 19) : Allahabad pillar inscription of Samudragupta:

Line-19. कोसलमहेन्द्र-माह[ा]कान्तारकव्याघ्रराज-कौरालकमण्टराज-पैष्टपुरक-महेन्द्रगिरि-कौट्टूरक


L. 19. -Whose great good fortune was mixed with, so as to be increased by (his) glory produced by the favour shewn in capturing and then liberating Mahendra of Kosala, Vyāghraraja of Mahākantāra, Mantarāja of Kurūḷa, Mahendra of Pishtapura, Svāmidatta of Kottura on the hill, Damana of Erandapalla, Vishnugopa of Kānchi,

L. 20.Nīlarāja of Avamukta, Hastivarman of Vengā, Ugrasena of Palakka, Kubera of Devarāshtra, Dhananjaya of Kusthalapura, and all the other kings of the region of the south;

It is mentioned as one of the Southern kingdoms conquered by Samudragupta. Its ruler was Svamidatta. It has been identified by N. Dubreuil with Kothoor in Ganjam. 608 Banerjee counts Svamidatta of Kottura among the three chiefs of Kalinga who obstructed the passage of Samudragupta through their country. 609

According to Fleet Kottur (from Kottapura) being a very common Dravidian name, may be looked for in any Kottura of note, in a mountainous part of Southern India, e.g. possibly Kottur in the Coimbatore district, at the foot of one of the passes in the Anaimalai Hills. 610 R. Sathianathaier proposes to identify Kottura with Kottura near Tuni (E. Godavari dis- trict) and maintains that Samudragupta did not pass through Orissa, Ganjam and Vizagapatam 611 There is another Kottura in the Vizagapatam district. 612 But the generally accepted view is to identify it with Kothoor in Ganjam.

608. Banerji, History of Orissa. Vol. I, pp. 115-16, Historical Geography of Ancient India by B. C. Law p. 167.

609. Banerji, History of Orissa. Vol. I, pp. 115-16.

610. Corpus Inscripionum Indicarum, Vol. III by John Faithful Fleet , p. 8.

611. The Vakatka-Gupta Age by R. C. Majumdar and A.S. Altekar. p. 146, f. n. I.

612. Vizagapatam District Gazetteer, I, 137 : Historical Geography of Ancient India by B. C. Law. p. 167.


विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[2] ने लेख किया है ...गिरिकोटूर (AS, p.288) अथवा 'कौट्टूरगिरि' एक प्राचीन नगर। गुप्त सम्राट समुद्रगुप्त की प्रयाग प्रशस्ति के अनुसार यहाँ के राजा स्वामिदत्त को समुद्रगुप्त ने अपने दक्षिण भारत के अभियान के प्रसंग में परास्त किया था- 'कोसलक महेंद्र गिरिकौटूरक स्वामीदत्त - प्रभृति सर्वदक्षिणा पथ राजा गृहणमोक्षानुग्रहजनित प्रतापोन्मिश्र महाभाग्यस्य‌-।' गिरिकोटूर का अभिज्ञान वर्तमान कोठूर, ज़िला गंजम, उड़ीसा से किया गया है।


विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[3] ने लेख किया है ...कोट्टूरगिरि (AS, p.232) वर्तमान कोठूर, गंजम ज़िला, उड़ीसा राज्य में स्थित है। इस स्थान को समुद्रगुप्त की प्रयाग प्रशस्ति में 'गिरिकोट्टूर' कहा गया है।

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