|Author: Laxman Burdak IFS (R)|
Variants of nane
- Kukkutarama (कुक्कुटाराम) (AS, p.199)
- Kukkuta (कुक्कुट) (Panini) (Cock)
- Kukkutapada (Xuanzang) (Cock's-foot)
- Kukkatapada-Vihara ("Cock's-foot Temple")
- Kukkutavaktra (कुक्कुटवक्त्र) Mahabharata (IX.44.74)
- Kukkutika (कुक्कुटिका) Mahabharata (IX.45.14)
- Kukkutarma (कुक्कुटार्म) (Panini)
- Kukkuṭāgiri (कुक्कुटागिरि) (Panini) (Cock's-mountain)
- Kukkuta-kantha (कुक्कुट-कंथ) (Panini)
Mention by Panini
For detail history see - Kurkihar.
विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर ने लेख किया है ...कुक्कुटाराम (AS, p.199) महावंश 5, 122. पाटलिपुत्र में स्थित एक विहार जो संभवत: वर्तमान [p.200]: रानीपुर (पटना) के पूर्व की ओर टीले के स्थान पर था. बौद्ध साहित्य के अनुसार मौर्य सम्राट अशोक ने इसी बिहार में द्वितीय बौद्ध संगीति का सम्मेलन किया था.
Visit by Xuanzang in 637 AD
Alexander Cunningham writes that From the Bodhi-drum Hwen Thsang crossed the river Nairanjan, and visited a stupa named Gandha-hasti, or the " Scented Elephant," near which there was a tank and a stone pillar. The ruins of the stupa and the lower portion of the shaft of the pillar still exist at Bakror, on the eastern bank of the Lilajan river, about 1 mile to the south-east of Bauddha-Gaya.
Travelling eastward, the pilgrim crossed the river
[p.460]: Mo-ho, or Mohana Nadi, and entered a large forest, where lie saw another stone pillar. Then proceeding to the north-east for 100 li, or nearly 17 miles, he reached the mountain of Kiu-kiu-cha-po-tho, or Kukkutapada, or " Cock's-foot," which was remarkable for three bold peaks. According to Fa-Hian's account, the Hill of the Cock's-foot was 3 li, or half a mile, to the south of the holy tree of Bauddha-Gaya. For 3 li we should no doubt read 3 yojanas, or 21 miles, which agrees very closely with Hwen Thsang's distance of 17 miles, plus about two miles for the crossings of the two rivers, or altogether 19 miles.
I have already identified this place with the present Kurkihar, which, though omitted in the maps, is perhaps the largest place between the cities of Gaya and Bihar. It is situated 3 miles to the north-east of Vazirganj, 16 miles to the north-north-east of Gaya, and 20 miles to the north-east of Bauddha-Gaya. The true name of Kurkihar is said to be Kurak-vihar, which I believe to be only a contracted form of Kukkatapada-Vihara or "Cock's-foot Temple," as the Sanskrit Kukkuta is the same word as the Hindi Kukkar, or Kurak, a " cock." The present Kurkihar therefore corresponds both in name and in position with the famous " Cock's-foot Hill " of the Buddhists. There is, however, no three-peaked hill in its neighbourhood ; but about half a mile to the north of the village three rugged hills rise boldly out of the plain, which, as they stand so close together that their bases meet, may fairly be identified with the three-peaked hill of Hwen Thsang. This identification is confirmed by the presence of several ruined mounds, in which numerous Buddhist statues and votive stupas have been found.
Mahavansa/Chapter 36 tells....After the death of Bhatika Tissa (his younger brother) Kanittha Tissa reigned eighteen years in the island of Lankä. Since he was well pleased with the thera Mahanaga in the Bhutarama he built for him in splendid fashion the Ratanapasada in the Abhayagiri. Moreover, he built in the Abhayagiri a wall and a great parivena and a great parivena besides in the (vihara) called Manisoma. In that place he built a temple for the cetiya and in like manner for the Ambatthala-thupa; and (he ordered) the restoration of the temple in Nagadipa. Doing away with the boundary of the Mahavihara, the king built there the row of cells (called) Kukkutagiri with all things provided. In the Mahävihãra the ruler of men built twelve great four-sided pasadas, admirable to see and beautiful, aria he added a mantling to the thupa of the Dakkhinavihara, and a refectory besides, doing away with the boundary of the Mahameghavana. And moving the wall of the Mahavihära to the side, he also made a road leading to the Dakkhinavihara. He built the Bhutaramavihara and the Ramagonaka, and the arama of Nandatissa besides.
Mahabharata mentions in verses:
- Kukkuta (कुक्कुट) (IX.44.74),
- Kukkutavaktra (कुक्कुटवक्त्र) (IX.44.74),
- Kukkutika (कुक्कुटिका) (L) (IX.45.14),
Shalya Parva, Mahabharata/Book IX Chapter 44 mentions the ceremony for investing Kartikeya with the status of generalissimo, the diverse gods, various clans who joined it. Kukkutavaktra (कुक्कुटवक्त्र) is mentioned in verse (IX.44.74). 
- V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.39
- V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.39,511
- V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.68
- V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.221
- V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.39, 40, 41
- V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.381
- Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.199
- The Ancient Geography of India/Magadha, p.459-460
- Julien's ' Hiouen Thsang,' iii. 1. See Map No. XII.
- Julien's ' Hiouen Thsang,' iii. 6. See Map No. XII.
- कूर्मकुक्कुटवक्त्राश च शशॊलूक मुखास तदा, खरॊष्ट्रवदनाश चैव वराहवदनास तदा (IX.44.74)
- लम्बसी केतकी चैव चित्रसेना तहा बला, कुक्कुटिका शङ्खनिका तदा जर्जरिका नृप
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