Kumud

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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)

Kumud (कुमुद) is a gotra of Jats. [1]

Origin

Mention by Panini

Kumuda (कुमुद) is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [4]


Kumuda (कुमुद) is name of a place mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi under Kumudadi (कुमुदादि) (4.2.80.4) group. [5]


Kumuda (कुमुद) is name of a place mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi under Kumudadi (कुमुदादि) (4.2.80.17) group. [6]

History

Rajatarangini[7] writes that Sharvata and other ministers then raised Unmattavanti son of the wicked Partha to the throne. Parvvagupta became the king's greatest favourite by dancing naked in the court. Since the revolution caused by the Tantris, kings, as Parvvagupta perceived, had become powerless, and he aspired to the sovereignty. He contracted friendship with minister Bhubhata, and the four principal ministers Sharvata, Chhoja, Kumuda and Amritakara who were robbing the treasury with the intention of becoming kings. .... One night according to the king's orders, Partha was surrounded by ministers, captains, Tantris and Kayasthas. They shut the door and murdered his wife, and also murdered her infants weeping and embracing their mother. The Minister Kumuda and other favourites of the king; dragged Partha by the hair, naked over the gravel which cut his body, and murdered him helpless, unarmed and naked, lean for want of food, and crying.

Hukum Singh Panwar writes that Kumud was Komedai of Herodotus, a mountain in the Saka country.[8]

In Mahabharata

Kumud was one of combatants armed with diverse weapons and clad in diverse kinds of robes and ornaments, that Skanda procured at the time of ceremony of investiture. (See - Shalya Parva in Mahabharata)

Mahabharata Shalya Parva mentions names of combatants armed with diverse weapons and clad in diverse kinds of robes and ornaments, All of them came to the ceremony for investing Kartikeya with the status of generalissimo. Shalya Parva in Sanskrit mentions in shloka 52 Kumud along with Sankhunias as under:

शङ्कुकर्णॊ निकुम्भश च पद्मः कुमुद एव च
अनन्तॊ द्वादश भुजस तदा कृष्णॊपकृष्णकौ ।। 52।।


Distribution

Distribution in Chhattisgarh

Distribution in Bastar district

Kumud is village in Keshkal tahsil in Bastar district in Chhattisgarh.

Notable persons

External links

References

  1. डॉ पेमाराम:राजस्थान के जाटों का इतिहास, 2010, पृ.297
  2. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihas (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998, p. 234
  3. Rajatarangini of Kalhana:Kings of Kashmira/Book V,pp.135-137
  4. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.68, 215
  5. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.503
  6. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.503
  7. Rajatarangini of Kalhana:Kings of Kashmira/Book V,pp.135-137
  8. The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations, p.206

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