Kumuda

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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)

Kumuda (कुमुद) is mentioned in Puranas as one of seven mountains of Shalmaladvipa (शाल्मल द्वीप). 2. Kumuda is also mentioned as mountain in hills of Girnar along with Ujjayanta and Raivataka. 3. Kumuda (कुमुद) is mentioned as a Nagavanshi king in Mahabharata. 4. Kumud (कुमुद) is a gotra of Jats. [1]. 5. Kumuda (कुमुद) is name of a place mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi under Kumudadi (कुमुदादि) (4.2.80.4) group. [2] 6. Kumuda was a minister of Kashmir King of Utpala dynasty named Unmattavanti in 10th century. Kumuda assassinated the Partha father of Unmattavanti.[3]

Variants

Jat clan

Kumud (कुमुद) is a gotra of Jats. [4]. This gotra started after Naga named Kumuda or Kumudaksha. [5]

Mention by Panini

Kumuda (कुमुद) is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [6]


Kumuda (कुमुद) is name of a place mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi under Kumudadi (कुमुदादि) (4.2.80.4) group. [7]


Kumuda (कुमुद) is name of a place mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi under Kumudadi (कुमुदादि) (4.2.80.17) group. [8]

History

Rajatarangini[9] writes that Sharvata and other ministers then raised Unmattavanti son of the wicked Partha to the throne. Parvvagupta became the king's greatest favourite by dancing naked in the court. Since the revolution caused by the Tantris, kings, as Parvvagupta perceived, had become powerless, and he aspired to the sovereignty. He contracted friendship with minister Bhubhata, and the four principal ministers Sharvata, Chhoja, Kumuda and Amritakara who were robbing the treasury with the intention of becoming kings. .... One night according to the king's orders, Partha was surrounded by ministers, captains, Tantris and Kayasthas. They shut the door and murdered his wife, and also murdered her infants weeping and embracing their mother. The Minister Kumuda and other favourites of the king; dragged Partha by the hair, naked over the gravel which cut his body, and murdered him helpless, unarmed and naked, lean for want of food, and crying.

Hukum Singh Panwar writes that Kumud was Komedai of Herodotus, a mountain in the Saka country.[10]

कुमुद

विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[11] ने लेख किया है ...कुमुद (AS, p.204) 1. विष्णु पुराण 2,4, 26 के शाल्मल द्वीप के सात पर्वतों में से एक-- 'कुमुदश्चोन्नतश्चैव तृतीयश्च बलाहक:'

2. गिरनार पर्वत-माला का एक श्रंग जिसका उल्लेख मंडलीक काव्य (1,2) में उज्जयंत तथा रैवतक के साथ इस प्रकार है-- 'शिखरत्रयभेदेन नाम भेदमगादसौ, उज्जयंतो रैवतक: कुमुदश्चेति भूधर:.

कुमुद (बहुविकल्प)

  • कुमुद - पुराणों के अनुसार कृष्ण का पुत्र था। जो कि शैव्‍या के गर्भ से उत्पन्न हुआ था.
  • कुमुद वानर - सुग्रीव का सेनापति एक वानर था।
  • कुमुद (गज) - सुप्रतीक के वंश में उत्पन्न गजराज था।
  • कुमुद गरुड़ - पुराणों के उल्लेखानुसार एक गरुड़ था।
  • कुमुद नाग - एक नाग का नाम था।
  • कुमुद (अनुचर) - महाभारत के अनुसार धाता-दत्त कुमार कार्तिकेय का अनुचर था।

संदर्भ: भारतकोश-कुमुद (बहुविकल्पी)

In Mahabharata

Kumuda (कुमुद) (Naga) in Mahabharata (I.31.15), (I.35), (V.101.13)/(V.103),(IX.44.52), (IX.44.35),(IX.44.52),


Kumud was one of combatants armed with diverse weapons and clad in diverse kinds of robes and ornaments, that Skanda procured at the time of ceremony of investiture. (See - Shalya Parva in Mahabharata)

Mahabharata Shalya Parva mentions names of combatants armed with diverse weapons and clad in diverse kinds of robes and ornaments, All of them came to the ceremony for investing Kartikeya with the status of generalissimo. Shalya Parva in Sanskrit mentions in shloka 52 Kumud along with Sankhunias as under:

शङ्कुकर्णॊ निकुम्भश च पद्मः कुमुद एव च
अनन्तॊ द्वादश भुजस तदा कृष्णॊपकृष्णकौ ।। 52।।

Village in Chhattisgarh

Kumud is a village in Keshkal tahsil in Bastar district in Chhattisgarh.

External links

See also

Kakudman

References

  1. डॉ पेमाराम:राजस्थान के जाटों का इतिहास, 2010, पृ.297
  2. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.503
  3. Rajatarangini of Kalhana:Kings of Kashmira/Book V,pp.135-137
  4. डॉ पेमाराम:राजस्थान के जाटों का इतिहास, 2010, पृ.297
  5. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya etc, : Ādhunik Jat Itihas, Agra 1998, p. 234
  6. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.68, 215
  7. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.503
  8. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.503
  9. Rajatarangini of Kalhana:Kings of Kashmira/Book V,pp.135-137
  10. The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations, p.206
  11. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.204

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