Liaquat Ali Khan
Liaquat Ali Khan (Hindi: लियाक़त अली खान, Urdu: لیاقت علی خان) October 1, 1895 – 16 October 16, 1951) was a Pakistani statesman who became the First Prime Minister of Pakistan. He was from Muslim Jat Gotra - Mandhan.
He was also Defence Minister and Commonwealth, Kashmir Affairs. He was also the First Finance Minister of India in the Interim Government of British India under Jawaharlal Nehru prior to the independence of both India and Pakistan in 1946.[ Liaquat rose to political prominence as a member of the All India Muslim League. He played a vital role in the Independence of India and Pakistan. In 1947, he became the Prime Minister of Pakistan.
He was born in the town of Karnal in the present-day Haryana, India, on October 1, 1895, to a land-holding (Jagirdar) Sunni Muslim, Pashto Speaking Nosherwani Baloch family. His father, Nawab Rustam Ali Khan, possessed the title of Ruken-ud-Daulah, Shamsher Jang and Nawab Bahadur. He was one of the few landlords whose property (300 Villages in total including the jagir of 60 villages in karnal) expanded across both eastern Punjab and the United Provinces. Liaquat's mother, Mahmoodah Begum, arranged for his lessons in the Qur'an and Ahadith at home before his formal schooling started.
He graduated with a B.Sc. in Political Science and Bachelor of Law in 1918 from the Muhammedan Anglo-Oriental College (later Aligarh Muslim University), Aligarh, and married his cousin, Jehangira Begum, in 1918. After the death of his father, Khan went to England and was awarded a Master's degree in Law and Justice from Oxford University's Exeter College in 1921. While a student at Oxford, he was elected Honorary Treasurer of the Indian Majlis. Thereafter he joined the Inner Temple, one of the Inns of Court in London. He was called to the Bar in 1922.
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