Mahishaka

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Mahishaka (महिषक) or Mahisha was a kingdom in ancient India, ruled by the Asura king Mahisha. His capital, Mahisha City, is currently known as Mysore a city in Karnataka. This kingdom is mentioned in Mahabharata, though Puranas (especially Markandeya Purana) gives more information. The Sanskrit word Mahisha means a buffalo.

Jat Gotras from Mahishaka

Bains (बैंस) Jat Gotras is said to be originated from [The Mahabharata Tribe]] - Mahishaka (महिषक).

In Mahabharata

Karna Parva/Mahabharata Book VIII Chapter 30 mentions this tribe in derogatory sense and advises to avoid this country:

"The Karasakaras, the Mahishakas, the Kalingas, the Kikatas, the Atavis, the Karkotakas, the Virakas, and other peoples of no religion, one should always avoid."
कारः करान महिषकान कलिङ्गान कीकटाटवीन
कर्कॊटकान वीरकांश च दुर्धर्मांश च विवर्जयेत Mahabharata (8.30.45)

Bhisma Parva, Mahabharata/Book VI Chapter 10 mentions Mahishaka country in the south.

"There are other kingdoms, O bull of Bharata's race, in the south. They are the Dravidas, the Keralas, the Prachyas, the Mushikas, and the Vanavashikas; the Karanatakas, the Mahishakas, the Vikalpas."
ओष्ट्राः पुण्ड्राः स सैरन्ध्राः पार्वतीयाश च मारिष
अदापरे जनपदा दक्षिणा भरतर्षभ Mahabharata (6.10.56)
दरविडाः केरलाः पराच्या मूषिका वनवासिनः
उन्नत्यका माहिषका विकल्पा मूषकास तदा Mahabharata (6.10.57)

Mahisha is mentioned in Shalya Parva, Mahabharata (IX.44.77)

आखु बभ्रुक वक्त्रश च मयूरवदनास तदा
मत्स्यमेषाननाश चान्ये अजावि महिषाननाः (IX.44.77)

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