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Matila (मातिल) Matila (मतिल) was a Nagavanshi King of Aryavarta defeated by Samudragupta (A.D. 335-76).

Jat Gotras from Matila


Tej Ram Sharma[2] describes some names ending in la. He mentions from Udayagiri Cave Inscription of the time of Kumaragupta I of Gupta Year 106 (=A.D. 425) a name such as Samghila, who was a soldier who has been mentioned as an 'Ashvapaty. It is an abbreviated form of the full name 'Samghadatta'. We find Agila (Agnidatta), Satila (Svatidatta), Nagila (Nagadatta), Yakhila (Yaksadatta), Samghila (Samghadatta) in Sanchi Inscriptions.[3].

Tejram Sharma[4] gives details about the kings of Aryavarta defeated by Samudragupta. According to Panini, a polysyllabic name was sometime shortened in order to express affection. Thus in the case of names ending in 'ila' we find:

Devila being derived from Devadatta;
Yajnila and Yajnadatta;
Makhila from Makhadeva;
Agila from Agnidatta ;
Satila from Svatidatta;
Nagila from Nagadatta, and
Yasila, Yakhila from Yaksadatta. Similarly
Matila can be formed from Matideva or Matidatta.

Allahabad pillar inscription of Samudragupta (A.D. 335-76) mentions about King Matila (मतिल) in Line 21 (No. 1, L. 21) which says:

"(L. 21.)- Who abounded in majesty that had been increased by violently exterminating Rudradeva, Matila, Nāgadatta, Chandravarman, Ganapatināga, Nāgasena, Achyutanandin, Balavarman, and many other kings of (the land of) Āryāvarta;-who made all the kings of the forest countries to become (his) servants;" [5]

Alexander Cunningham[6] writes that Between Multan and Alor the native historians, as well as the early Arab geographers, place a strong fort named Bhatia, which, from its position, has a good claim to be identified with the city which Alexander built amongst the Sogdi, as it is not likely that there were many advantageous sites in this level tract of country. It seems probable that it is the same place as Talhati, where Jam Janar crossed the Indus ; and perhaps also the same as Matila, or Mahatila, which was one of the six great forts of Sindh in the seventh century.

External links


  1. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya etc,: Ādhunik Jat Itihas, Agra 1998, p. 276
  2. Tej Ram Sharma: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions/Names of Local Officers,p. 67
  3. V S Agarwal, India as Known to Panini,p.191
  4. Tejram Sharma: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions/Names of Feudatory Kings and High Officers, p.47
  5. २१. रुद्रदेव-मतिल-नागदत्त-चन्द्रवर्मा-गणपतिनाग-नागसेनाच्युत-नन्दि-बल-वर्म्मा-द्यनेकार्य्यावर्त्त-राज-प्रसभोद्धरणोद्धृत-प्रभाव-महत: परिचारकीकृत-सर्व्वाटविक-राजस्य
  6. The Ancient Geography of India/Western India,p.256

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