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The Sanskrit term Mattamayura (मत्तमयूरः) means - The dancing peacock. The peacock was the seal of Yaudhey people and this sign also used to be printed on their flags. This term has also been used in Mahabharata. So, in simple terms, Mattmayura signifies the Yaudheya tribe.


हरयाणा प्रान्त का प्राचीन काल में एक नाम बहुधान्यक भी था । यह नाम बहुत प्राचीन काल से चला आ रहा है और पृथ्वीराज पर्यन्त इस प्रदेश का नाम बहुधान्यक चलता रहा है । सभापर्व में नकुल की पश्चिम दिशा की विजय में इस प्रदेश की राजधानी रोहितक का वर्णन है । उसमें इस प्रकार लिखा है -

ततो बहुधनं रम्यं गवाढ्यं धनधान्यवत् ।
कार्तिकेयस्य दयितं रोहितकमुपाद्रवत् ॥
तत्र युद्धं महच्चासीत् शूरैर्मत्तमयूरकैः
मरुभूमिं च कार्त्स्न्येन तथैव बहुधान्यकम् ॥
(महा० सभापर्व अ० ३२)[1]

Yaudheyas were Jats

They are identified with the Jats clan Joiyas or Johiya[2] of Bahawalpur and Multan Divisions (Pakistan) and Bikaner, Rajasthan (India). Yaudheyas were the rulers of South-Eastern Punjab and Rajasthan. Even today these areas are inhabited by the Johiyas.

Alexander had heard about a very powerful people beyond the river Beas. Arrian describes them as gallant fighters, good agriculturists and having constitutional government. [Ibid.] Though they have not been specifically named, there is little doubt in their being Yaudheyas. [3], [4] It is said in the Adi Parva of Mahabharata that Yaudheya was son of Yudhishthira by his Shivi wife. [5] They find mention in the Sabhaparva of the Mahabharata under different name-Mattamayura. It is said that starting from Khandavapratha Nakul marched towards west and reached Rohitika-beautiful, prosperous and rich in cattle and horses and dear to Kartikeya. He also captured Marubhumi and Bahudhanya. Because these three places had been the chief centres of Yaudheyas and also because Kartikeya finds depiction on the Yaudheya coins, Mattamayura is merely another name for the Yaudheyas. This ancient name is preserved in Jat gotra as Mori, Maur, Mor. [6]

It appears that the political power of the Yaudheyas was eclipsed under the Mauryas. But after their decline the Yaudheyas again became politically dominant and had their heydays up to the rise of the Guptas. [7][8]

During the glorious period of the Yaudheyas their neighbours in Rajasthan were Malavas (Jaipur, Tonk, Ajmer), Shivis (Chittor), Matsya (Alwar) and Maukharis (Kota). The Yaudheyas probably formed a confederacy with these and others and, as Atlekar suggests, gave a final blow to the tottering Kushan Kingdom.[9] The Yaudheya chiefs who bore the titles Maharaja Senapati appear to have been chosen for this purpose by Yaudheya gana. During this period they might have developed some contacts with the Vakatakas, Bharashivas and other Naga families, under the subjugation of the Guptas, they must have developed closure toes with the Guptas. It is probably during these centuries that they absorbed some elements of their neighbours. The Jat Gotra names Malava, Mokhar, Makhar, Machchar, Bharshiv, Nag, Dharan may be understood against this back ground. [10]

See also

Veerbhoomi Haryana

Writer of this page

Dayanand Deswal


  1. Veerbhoomi Haryana/हरयाणा के प्राचीन नाम व स्थान (page 121)
  2. Cunningham , A. Coins of Ancient India, London, 1891,pp. 75-76
  3. Brahma Purana, Ch. 13
  4. Harivansha, Ch. 32
  5. Mahabharata ch. 95, 76
  6. Maheswari Prasad, “Jats in Ancient India”:The Jats, Ed. Dr Vir Singh, Vol.I, p. 23
  7. Maheswari Prasad, “Jats in Ancient India”:The Jats, Ed. Dr Vir Singh, Vol.I, p. 23
  8. History of the Jats, Pages 108-110
  9. A.S. Atlekar and R.C. Majumdar, The Vakataka Gupta Age, p.27
  10. Maheswari Prasad, “Jats in Ancient India”:The Jats, Ed. Dr Vir Singh, Vol.I, p. 25

Writer of this page

Dayanand Deswal