Patti Kala Mehraj
Lepel H. Griffin writes that founder of Barar clan Rao Barar had two sons, Rao Paur and Rao Dhul, the younger of whom is the ancestor of the Raja of Faridkot, and of the Barar tribe, which holds almost the whole of the districts of Mari, Mudki and Muktsar, Buchan, Mehraj, Sultan Khan and Bhadour in the Firozpur district, the whole of Faridkot, and many villages in Pattiala, Nabha, Jhumba and Malod.
The two brothers quarreled, and the elder, Rao Paur, being worsted, fell into great poverty, in which his family remained for several generations, till Rao Sanghar restored their fortunes. When the Emperor Babar invaded India in 1524, Rao Sanghar waited on him at Lahore and entered his army with a few followers ; but soon afterwards he was killed at the battle of Panipat, on the 21st April 1526, when Babar defeated Ibrahim Lodi, with great slaughter, and gained the Empire of Dehli. This victory did not, however, lead him to forget the services of Rao Sanghar, to whose son Bariam, he gave the Chaudhriyat* of the waste country
- * A Chaudhri was, in the tine of the Empire, the head-man in a certain District, for the revenue collection of which he was responsible, receiving a percentage on the collections. His office was termed “Chaudhariyat."
[p.5]: to the south-west of Dehli, which office was confirmed to him by Humayun, the son and successor of Babar, in 1554. The name of Bariam is the only one by which this chief is historically known, but it was not his original name, and was given him by the Emperor in honor of his bravery, and signifies brave, Bahadur. He lived for the most part at Neli, the village of Sidhu's maternal relations, and also re-built Bhidowal, which had become deserted. He was killed about the year 1560, fighting with the Bhattis, and with him fell his grandson Suttoh.
He left two sons, Rao Mehraj, (commonly known as Rao Maharaj) who succeeded to the Chaudhriyat, and Garaj, whose descendants people five villages in the Firozpur district. The only son of Rao Mehraj had been killed in his father’s lifetime, and Pukko, the grandson, succeeded, but he was soon after killed in a skirmish with the Bhattis at Bhidowal.
His sons were Habbal and Mohan, the latter of whom was confirmed as Chaudhri ; but he fell into arrears with the Government, and finding himself unable to pay what was due, and also being much harassed by his hereditary foes the Bhattis, he fled to Hansi and Hissar, where his relations were numerous, and, collecting a considerable force, returned home and defeated the Bhattis near Bhidowal. By the advice of Guru Har Govind, the sixth of the Sikh prophets, he founded the village of Mehraj or Maharaj, naming it after his great-grandfather.
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