Variants of name
Located at an altitude of 984 metres. It is 2 kilometres away from Saidu Sharif, Mingora is the third-largest city in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa after Peshawar and Mardan, and the largest in Swat District, as well as the largest city in the former Malakand Agency or Malakand Division in the northern part of the province.
Many Buddhist remains and carvings have been discovered near Mingora in the Jambil River Valley. At Panr, a stupa and monastery dated to the 1st century CE has been excavated. At Loe Banr, Butkara II and Matalai, Italian archaeologists unearthed 475 Aryan graves dated between 1520 and 170 BC and two horse skeletons. On the opposite side of the River Swat at Aligrama, near the Saidu Sharif airport, a site of Gandhara grave culture was discovered by Italian archaeologists and dated to 1000 BC.
Visit by Xuanzang in 631 AD
Alexander Cunningham writes about 7. Udyana or Swat: [p.81]: On leaving Utakhanda Hwen Thsang travelled about 600 li, or 100 miles, towards the north, to U-chang-na, or Udyana, which was situated on the river Su-po-fa-su-tu, the Subhavastu and Suvastu of Sanskrit, the Suastus of Arrian, and the Swat or Suat river of the present day. ..... [p.81]: The capital of Udyana was called Mung-kie-li, or Mangala, which is probably the Mangora of Wilford's surveyor, Mogal Beg, and the Manglora of General Court's map. It was 16 or 17 li, about 2¾ miles, in circuit, and very populous.
- Augusto Azzaroli, Two Proto-historic Horse Skeletons from Swāt, Pakistan, East and West, Vol. 25, No. 3/4 (September-December 1975), pp. 353-357
- The Ancient Geography of India/Udyana, pp. 81-82
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