Moga

From Jatland Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
For place name see Mong, Moga District

Moga (मोगा) [1][2] gotra Jats live in Rajasthan[3] and Madhya Pradesh.

Origin

Moga clan originated from Raja Moga of Taxila. Raja Moga also founded Mong, a town of Mandi Bahauddin District in the Punjab province of Pakistan.

History

According to Alexander Cunningham Tradition has preserved the name of only one king, named Kumkamarath, who is said to have been the sister's son of Moga, the founder of Mong. [4]

One inscription is known which mentions Maues (usually called the "Moga inscription". [5] Maues issued joint coins mentioned a queen Machene ("ΜΑΧΗΝΗ"). Machene may have been a daughter of one of the Indo-Greek houses.[6]

An Indo-Greek king, Artemidoros also issued coins where he describes himself as "Son of Maues".

इतिहास

ठाकुर देशराज[7] ने लिखा है....मोगा वंश इस वंश के लोग राजपूताना और युक्तप्रांत दोनों ही प्रांतों में पाए जाते हैं। आजकल जहां मोगा मंडी है उसी के आसपास इनका राज्य रहा था। राजा मोअस या मोग ईसा पूर्व पहली सदी में एक प्रसिद्ध राजा रहा है। उसकी मुहरों पर "रज दिरजस महतस मोअस" अर्थात राजाधिराज मोगा लिखा है। इसका राज्य तक्षशिला से लेकर वर्तमान मोगा मंडी तक फैला हुआ होगा। इसका नाम तक्षशिला के एक ताम्रपत्र में भी आया है। पंजाब में मोगियाना इलाका है।

Alexander Cunningham on Nikaea or Mong

Alexander Cunningham[8] writes that The position of Mong is 6 miles to the east of Jalalpur, and the same distance to the south of Dilawar. The name is usually pronounced Mong, or Mung


[p.178]: but it is written without the nasal, and is said to have been founded by Raja Moga, or Muga. He is also called Raja Sankhar, which I take to mean king of the Sakas, or Sakae. His brother Rama founded Rampur, or Ramnagar, the modern Rasul, which is 6 miles to the north-east of Mong, and exactly opposite Dilawar. His sister's son, named Kamkamarath, was Raja of Girjak or Jalalpur. The old ruined mound on which Mong is situated, is 600 feet long by 400 feet broad and 50 feet high, and is visible for many miles on all sides. It contains 975 houses built of large old bricks and 5000 inhabitants, who are chiefly Jats. The old wells are very numerous, their exact number, according to my informant, being 175.

I have already stated that I take Mong to be the site of Nikaea, the city which Alexander built on the scene of his battle with Porus. The evidence on this point is, I think, as complete as could be wished ; but I have still to explain how the name of Nikaea could have been changed to Mong. The tradition that the town was founded by Raja Moga is strongly corroborated by the fact that Maharaja Moga is mentioned in Mr. Roberts's Taxila inscription. Now, Moga is the same name as Moa, and the coins of Moa, or Mauas are still found in Mong. But the commonest Greek monogram on these coins forms the letters NIK, which I take to be the abbreviation of Nikaea, the place of mintage. If this inference be correct, as I believe it is, then Nikaea must have been the principal mint-city of the great king Moga, and therefore a place of considerable importance. As the town of Mong is traditionally attributed to Raja Moga as the founder, we may reasonably conclude that he must


[p.179]: have rebuilt or increased the place under the new name of Moga-grama, which, in the spoken dialects, would be shortened to Mogaon and Mong. Coins of all the Indo-Scythian princes are found at Mong in, considerable numbers, and I see no reason to doubt that the place is as old as the time of Alexander. The copper coins of the Nameless Indo-Scythian king especially are found in such numbers at Mong that they are now commonly known in the neighbourhood as Monga-sahis.

Taxila copper-plate or Maues (Moga) inscription

The Taxila copper-plate, also called the Moga inscription or the Patika copper-plate is a notable archaeological artifact found in the area of Taxila, Gandhara, in modern Pakistan. It is now in the collection of the British Museum, Collected by: A A Roberts, Transferred from: Royal Asiatic Society. [9]

Description

The copper plate is dated to a period between the 1st century BCE and the 1st century CE. It bears an imprecise date: the 5th day of the Macedonian month of Panemos, in the year 78 of king Moga. It is thought it may be related to the establishment of a Maues era, which would give a date around 6 CE.

The copper plate is written in the Kharoshthi script (a script derived from Aramaic). It relates the dedication of a relic of the Buddha Shakyamuni (Pali: śakamuni, literally "Master of the Shakas") to a Buddhist monastery by the Indo-Scythian (Pali: "śaka") ruler Patika Kusulaka, son of Liaka Kusulaka, satrap of Chukhsa, near Taxila.

The inscription is significant in that it documents the fact that Indo-Scythians practiced the Buddhist faith. It is also famous for mentioning Patika Kusulaka, who also appears as a "Great Satrap" in the Mathura lion capital inscription.

Text of the inscription
Original text of the Taxila copper plate inscription[10]
1 [samva]tsaraye athasatatimae 20 20 20 10 4 4 maharayasa mahamtasa mogasa pa[ne]masa masasa divase pamcame 4 1 etaye purvaye kshaha[ra]ta[sa]
2 [cukh]sa ca kshatrapasa liako kusuluko nama tasa [pu]tro pati[ko] takhaśilaye nagare utarena pracu deśo kshema nama atra
3 (*de)she patiko apratithavita bhagavata śakamunisa shariram (*pra)tithaveti [samgha]ramam ca sarvabudhana puyae mata-pitaram puyayamt(*o)
4 [kshatra]pasa saputradarasa ayu-bala-vardhi[e] bhratara sarva ca [nyatiga-bamdha]vasa ca puyayamto maha-danapati patikasa jauvanyae

5 rohinimitrenya ya ima[mi] samgharame navakamika

Reverse:
Patikasa kshatrapa Liaka
English translation[11]
In the seventy-eighth, 78, year of the Great King, the Great Moga, on the fifth, 5, day of the month Ancient Macedonian Calendar (Panemos), on this first, of the Kshaharata
and Kshatrapa of Chukhsa - Liaka Kusuluka by name - his son Patika - in the town of Takshasila, to the north, the eastern region, Kshema by name
In this place Patika establishes a (formerly not) established relic of the Lord Shakyamuni and a sangharama (through Rohinimitra who is the overseer of work of this sangharama)
For the worship of all Buddhas, worshipping his mother and father, for the increase of the life and power of the Kshatrapa, together with his son and wife, worshipping all his brothers and his blood-relations and kinsmen.
At the jauva-order of the great gift-lord Patika
To Patika the Kshatrapa Liaka

Villages founded by Moga clan

In Mahabharata

The Mahabharata Bhisma Parva in English, Book 6:SECTION IX, mentions about province of Mogas. Bhisma Parva in Sanskrit shloka 38 writes

Sanskrit

शूरसेनाः कलिङ्गाशबॊधा मौकास तदैव च
मत्स्याः सुकुट्यः सौबल्याः कुन्तलाः काशिकॊशलाः ।। 38 ।।

Transliteration

śūrasenāḥ kaliṅgāś ca bodhā maukās tathaiva ca
matsyāḥ sukuṭyaḥ saubalyāḥ kuntalāḥ kāśikośalāḥ ।। 38 ।।

Distribution in Rajasthan

Locations in Jaipur city

Airport Colony, Murlipura Scheme, Tonk Road,

Villages in Sikar district

Dhani Mogawali,

Villages in Churu district

Haripura Taranagar,

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Nimach district

Harwar,

Villages in Ratlam district

Villages in Ratlam district with population of this gotra are:

Badauda 2,

Moga city

Well known historical documents [12][13] [14][15] say the Maues or Moga became the first important Saka or Scythian (Jat) King around 90 B.C. in North-West India. This raises a very probable possibility that the modern city of Moga, in Punjab, is very ancient and derives its name from Jat King himself.[16]

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Jalandhar district

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. म-4
  2. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.56,s.n. 2094
  3. Jat History Thakur Deshraj/Chapter IX,p.695
  4. The Ancient Geography of India/Taki ,p.164
  5. The Minor Indo-Parthian Eras
  6. RC Senior "Indo-Scythian coins and history", Vol IV, p.xxxvi.
  7. Jat Itihas (Utpatti Aur Gaurav Khand)/Pancham Parichhed,p.112
  8. The Ancient Geography of India/Taki, pp.177-179
  9. British Museum Collection
  10. Source
  11. Source, also "Kharoshthi inscription", Sten Konow, 1929
  12. Thapar, R., A History of India, Penguin Books, London, 1969, pp. 228-229, 70-71, 95-96, 337-339, 29
  13. Smith, V.A., The Oxford History of India, Oxford University Press, London, 1967, pp. 173, 162-163.
  14. Marshall, J. (Sir), A Guide to Taxila, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1960, pp. 24-25.
  15. Banerjea, J.N. (Professor), The Scythians and Parthians in India, in a Comprehensive History of India, edited by K.A.N. Sastri, People's Publishing House, New Delhi, India, 1957, pp. 872-874 (Vol. 2).
  16. History and study of the Jats. B.S Dhillon. p. 105

Back to Places/Gotras