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Mukunda (मुकुन्द) (Mukund) was son of Jat ruler Maharaja Kartik, son of Chandrasena, born in Yuti vamsha of Bundi area in Rajasthan sometime between A.D. 5-7th century . Mukunda was elder brother of Daruka but we find no mention of him in history. His name is mentioned as elder son of Maharaja Kartik in a Pali Inscription obtained by James Tod about Jat tribe at village Ramchandrapura 3 kos (6 miles) east of Bundi state, which he sent to Asiatic Society London.

Ancestry of Mukunda

ThotChandrasenaKartika (m. Gunaniwas) → Daruka (+Mukunda) → KuhalaDhunaka

Period of Chandrasena

An Inscription dated 684 A.D. belonging to Dhanika has been reported from Nagara, which was a stronghold of the Mallava tribe in the early centuries of the Christian era. [1]

Ram Chandra Pura Inscription of James Tod (Inscription No.II) mentions Dhunika son of Kuhla.

Both Dhanika of 684 AD Inscription and Dhunika of James Tod (Inscription No.II) appear to bee one and the same persons which in Hindi is Dhanika (धनिक).

Now we can construct a time line for Chandrasena taking 25 years for each generation.

ThotChandrasena (584 A.D.)→ Kartika (609 AD) (m. Gunaniwas) → Daruka (634 AD) (+Mukunda/Sukunda) → Kuhala (659 AD) → Dhunika (684 A.D. )

Our supposed date of Chandrasena (584 A.D.) is approaching 606 AD the date Jat Raja Harshavardhana was crowned Monarch.

Jat Gotras from Mukunda


James Todd obtained a Pali inscription about Jit or Jat tribe at village Ramchandrapura 3 kos (6 miles) east of Bundi state, which he sent to Asiatic Society London. The inscription reveals that there was a king Thot born in Uti vansha. His son was Raja Chandrasain, a powerful and beloved of his subject. The son of Chandrasain was Kartika, renowned for his prowess. His wife was Gunaniwas, who gave birth to two sons Mukunda and Daruka. Daruka produced son named Kuhal. Kuhal produced son named Dhunak, who achieved great works. He had war with Hill Meenas tribes and defeated and destroyed them. He along with his brother Dok worshipped gods and brahmanas. They founded a Sun-temple for the pleasure of his beloved wife. The temple will stand till the sumer suvarna mountain stands on the sand. Kuhal had founded this temple and a Maheshwar temple in east. The popularity of this was spread by Achal, son of Mahabali Maharaja Yashovarma. [2]

The period of war of this dynasty with pahari Meenas is difficult to asses. If we assume that Jat ruler Kartik had war with Menander then the period of this comes about 150 BC. Menander had attacked areas upto Chittor. It is very likely that Kartika had a war with Menander. This way the period of his descendant becomes the first century. If we look into the period of Achal who made this temple popular it comes around third or fourth century or beyond it, as ruler Yashovarman was in Maukhari vansha in eighth century in Kannauj. He had sent a delegation to China in 731 AD. [3] Lack of records and history prior to sixth century prevents prom determining the exact period of the rule of Kartik and his descendants. According to Thakur Deshraj, We can presume their rule from fourth to sixth century. [4]


  1. Bharata-Kaumudi, I. p. 267 quoted in Classical Age, p. 160
  2. James Todd, Appedix 1], Thakur Deshraj: Jat Itihas, p.588-589
  3. Bharat Ke Prachin Rajvansh, II
  4. Thakur Deshraj: Jat Itihas, p.589-590

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