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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)

Location of Murshidabad in West Bengal

Murshidabad (मुर्शिदाबाद) is a city and district of West Bengal state in India.


  • Murshidabad मुर्शिदाबाद, बंगाल, (AS, p.752)

Origin of name

It gets name after Nawab Murshid Quli Khan.


The city of Murshidabad is located on the southern bank of the Bhagirathi, a tributary of the Ganges River. Murshidabad district is divided into two nearly equal portions by the Bhagirathi, the ancient channel of the Ganges. The tract to the west, known as the Rarh, consists of hard clay and nodular limestone. The general level is high, but interspersed with marshes and seamed by hill torrents. The Bagri or eastern half belongs to alluvial plains of eastern Bengal. There are few permanent swamps; but the whole country is low-lying, and liable to annual inundation. [1]


Murshidabad was a town and district of British India, in the Bengal Presidency. In the Mughal period it was the capital of Bengal.

In 1704, Murshid Quli Khan, the Diwan of Bengal under Aurangzeb transferred the capital from Dacca (now Dhaka in Bangladesh), and renamed the city Murshidabad after his own name. In 1716, he attained the title of Nawab (ruler) of the Subah (province) of Bengal, and Murshidabad became his capital.

मुर्शिदाबाद, बंगाल

मुर्शिदाबाद, बंगाल, (AS, p.752): मध्यकाल में बंगाल की राजधानी कर्णसुवर्ण या कानसोना (सेनवंशीय नरेशों का मुख्यनगर) के स्थान पर बसा हुआ नगर. ढाका के नवाब मुर्शीदकुली खां ने यहां अपनी नई राजधानी बनाई थी और उसी के नाम से यह [p.753]: नगर प्रसिद्ध हुआ. पलासी के युद्ध (1757 ई.) तक बंगाल के नवाबों की राजधानी मुर्शिदाबाद में रही. उस समय यह नगर समृद्धिशाली तथा बंगाल का व्यापारिक केंद्र था. रेशमी वस्त्र, मिट्टी के बर्तन तथा हाथीदांत का सुंदर काम यहां की प्रसिद्ध व्यापारिक वस्तु थी.[2]


  1. Encyclopedia Britannica.
  2. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.752

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