Variants of name
The first part of the name is Naga and the second is sena. Nagasena of the L. 13 and L. 21 looks to be the same. According to L. 21 he was one of the kings of Aryavarta uprooted by Samudragupta. In L. 13 he is mentioned as having been defeated by Samudragupta by the valour of his arms. He seems to have been an important king.
Tej Ram Sharma writes that In view of the context of the victory over Kota-kulaja along with the Naga kings Achyuta and Nagasena and with the support of numismatic evidence it may be said that the kotas lived somewhere between East Punjab and Delhi.
- Barhina Naga (250-260 AD), Kantipuri
- Bhava Naga (290-315 AD), Kantipuri
- Bhima Naga (210-230 AD), Padmavati
- Brihaspati Naga (250-270 AD), Padmavati
- Charaja Naga (260-290 AD), Kantipuri
- Dev Naga (290-310 AD), Padmavati
- Ganapati Naga (310-344 AD), Padmavati
- Hayanaga (210-245 AD), Kantipuri
- Kirtisena (315-340 AD), Mathura
- Mahesvara Nag (), Srughna
- Naga Datta (), Srughna.
- Nagsena (340-344 AD), Mathura
- Nava Nagas (140-170 AD) (year 27 on his coin), Founders of the Nava Naga Dynasty (Bharsiva)
- Rudrasena (315-344 AD) at Purika, Kantipuri
- Skanda Naga (230-250 AD), Padmavati
- Traya Naga (245-250 AD), Kantipuri
- Virasena Naga (170-210 AD), (Year 34 on Coin),Founders of Mathura and Padmavati Branches.
- Vyaghra Naga (270-290 AD), Padmavati
In Buddhist texts
Nāgasena was a Buddhist sage who lived about 150 BCE. His answers to questions about Buddhism posed by Menander I (Pali: Milinda), the Indo-Greek king of northwestern India, are recorded in the Milinda Pañha. Sanskrit in origin, Nāga means king cobra, snake, serpent, or dragon, and also can refer to snake-human hybrids, an ancient super-race who were the mythological founders of many Asian countries. Sena means army. Therefore the name can be translated as "Army of Nāga" or "Host of Dragons", signifying a very powerful supernatural presence
- Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions/Names of Feudatory Kings and High Officers,p.39
- Cf.No. l, L. 13 : बाहु-वीर्य्य-राभसादेकेन येन क्षणादुन्मूल्याच्युत-नागसेन-गणपत्या दीन्नृपान्संगरे ।
- No. l, L. 21 :रुद्रदेव-मतिल-नागदत्त-चन्द्रवर्म्म-गणपतिनाग- नागसेनाच्युतनंदि-बल-वर्म्माद्यनेकार्यावर्त राज-प्रसभोद्धरणोदवृत प्रभावमहतः । Cf. note 15
- Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions/Tribes,p.136
- Fyfe, Ryan. "The Emerald Buddha"
- Dr Naval Viyogi: "Nagas, the Ancient Rulers of India, their Origin and History", Chapter. pp.333, 407