Nagda Udaipur

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Location of Nagda in Udaipur District‎

Nagda (नागदा) is an ancient town in Girwa tahsil of Udaipur District of Rajasthan.

Variants of name

  • Nagda नागदा, जिला उदयपुर, राज. [1]
  • Nagendra नगेंद्र दे. Nagda नागदा (1) [2]

Location

Founders

Nagda was founded by Nagas. Its ancient name was Nagahrada (नागहृद). It gets name from Naga+Dahan = burning of Nagas. In struggle between Aryans and Nagavanshis there took place a massacre of Nagas at this place.

History

ठाकुर देशराज[3] ने लिखा है....नाग - यह नागहृद और नागौर में राज करते थे। इनसे सातवीं शताब्दी में यह दोनों ही स्थान निकल गए।

Birth of Bappa

James Tod[4] writes that We know very little concerning these early princes but that they dwelt in this mountainous region for eight generations ; when the Bhils, tired of a foreign rule, assailed Nagaditya, the eighth prince, while hunting, and deprived him of life and Idar. The descendants of Kamlavati (the Birnagar Brahmani), who retained the office of priest in the family, Avere again the preservers of the line of Valabhi. The infant Bappa, son of Nagaditya, then only three years old, was conveyed to the fortress of Bhander, where he was protected by a Bhil of Yadu descent. Bhander is Fifteen miles south-west of Jharol, in the wildest region in India. [In Gwalior State, IGI, viii. 72.]


[p.260]: Thence he was removed for greater security to the wilds of Parasar. Within its impervious recesses rose the three-peaked (trikuta) mountain, at whose base was the town of Nagindra, the abode of Brahmans, who performed the rites of the ' great god.' In this retreat passed the early years of Bappa, wandering through these Alpine valleys, amidst the groves of Bal and the shrines of the brazen calf. Nagindra or Or Nagda, still a place of religious resort, about ten miles north of Udaipur. Here I found several very old inscriptions relative to the family, which preserve the ancient denomination Gohil instead of Gehlot. One of these is about nine centuries old. [The ancient name was Nagahrida (Erskine ii. A. 106).]


Nagda is site of ancient ruins. Founder of Mewar, Bappa Rawal had made it his first capital. Bappa was married with Kokila, daughter of Raja Chandra Singh of this place. Iltutmish destroyed it in 1210 AD. After this attack people left this place and moved to Ahar or Dulakota near Udaipur. Nagda or Nagahrada has been mentioned Jaina literature Tirtha-Mala Chaityavandana as - 'वन्दे श्री करणावती शिवपुरे नागद्रहे (नागह्रद) नाणके'. [5]

Its Jaina temple is dedicated to Shantinatha. In earlier times Parshva temple of this place was well known. The present temple of Shantinatha was built during the reign of Kumbhakarna.[6]

Achaleshwar temple inscription of year 1342 V.E. (1285 AD)

डॉ. गोपीनाथ [7] लिखते हैं कि यह शिलालेख अचलेश्वर (आबू) के मंदिर के पास वाले मठ के एक चौपाल के दीवार में लगाया गया था. इसमें 47 पंक्तियाँ हैं. भाषा पद्य में संस्कृत है. इसका समय वि.सं. 1342 माघ शुक्ल १ दिया गया है. इसमें बापा से लेकर समरसिंह के काल की वंशावली दी है. समरसिंह के बारे में लिखा है की उसने यहाँ सुवर्णध्वजधारी मठ का निर्माण कराया और वह यहाँ रहने वाले भावशंकर महात्मा का शिष्य था. प्रस्तुत लेख में मेवाड़ का बड़ा रोचक वर्णन दिया गया है. मेदपाट के सम्बन्ध में प्रशस्तिकार लिखता है क़ि बापा के द्वारा यहाँ दुर्जनों का संहार हुआ और उनकी चर्बी से यहाँ की भूमि गीली हो जाने से इसे मेदपाट कहा गया. नागदा नगर के सम्बन्ध में हारीत ऋषि का वर्णन आता है जिन्होंने यहाँ घोर तपस्या की थी. इन्हीं की अनुकम्पा से बापा को राज्य प्राप्त हुआ और क्षत्रियत्व की प्राप्ती हुई. इसी प्रकार आबू को भी एक तपस्या का स्थान बताकर यहाँ के सौन्दर्य और वन की सम्पति का वर्णन बड़ा रोचक है. इस प्रशस्ति का रचयिता प्रियपटु का पुत्र वेद शर्मा नागर था. इसका लेखक शुभचंद्र और उत्कीर्णकर्ता कर्मसिंह सूत्रधार था.

इसके कुछ पद्यांश इस प्रकार हैं -

हारीतात्किल बप्पकोअध्रिवलय व्याजेन लेभे मह:
क्षात्रंधातृनिभाद्वितीर्य मुनये ब्राह्मं स्वसेवाच्छ्लात्
एते अद्यापि महीभुज क्षितितल तद्व श संभूतय:
शोभंते सुतरामुपात्तवपुष: क्षात्राहि धर्मा इव ।।11।।

Notes by Wiki editor -

1. हारीत ऋषि - Harita (हरिता) is a village in Hisar tahsil and in district Haryana. It was founded by Nagil Jats who came from Ranthambhor. There is a need to research relation between Harta Rishi and history of Nagil clan.

2. Bappa Rawal - Bappa Rawal (Kalbhoj) (b. Prince Kalbhoj, ca 713-d. 753, at Eklingji), eighth ruler of the Guhilot Dynasty and founder of the Mewar Dynasty. He acquired Kshatriya status by blessings of Harita Rishi at Nagda. His actual name was Prince Kalbhoj who came from Atri clan and did not continue the family name of seven generations when he came to the throne.[8]

See also

  • Achalgarh
  • Chirwa - For Mewar history in 'Chirwa Inscription of 1265 AD'
  • Eklingaji - For Mewar history in many Inscriptions

References

  1. AS (p.484)
  2. AS (p.476)
  3. Thakur Deshraj: Jat Itihas (Utpatti Aur Gaurav Khand)/Shashtham Parichhed, p.127
  4. James Tod: Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Volume I, Annals of Mewar, p.259-260
  5. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.484
  6. Encyclopaedia of Jainism, Volume-1 By Indo-European Jain Research Foundation p.5531
  7. शर्मा डॉ. गोपीनाथ शर्मा: राजस्थान के इतिहास के स्त्रोत, 1983, पृ. 116
  8. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bappa_Rawal

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