|Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)|
Palakka (पालक्क) was one of the ancient kingdoms of Southern India whose kings were first conquered and then released by Samudragupta. Its ruler was Ugrasena. Palakka has been identified with Palakkada, the capital of a Pallava viceroyalty and was situated in the Nellore district.
Tej Ram Sharma mentions that Palakka (पलक्क) is mentioned in Allahabad pillar inscription of Samudragupta (No. I, L. 20) : It has been mentioned as one of the kingdoms of Southern India whose kings were first conquered and then released by Samudragupta. Its ruler was Ugrasena. Palakka has been identified with Palakkada, the capital of a Pallava viceroyalty and was situated in the Nellore district.  Law is inclined to identify Palakkada with Palakaluru in the Guntur taluka.  Allan and G. Ramdas locate it in the Nellore district.  Smith places Palakka in the Nellore district.  Dubreuil, however, identifies Palakka with a capital of the same name which was situated to the South of the Krishna and which is mentioned in many Pallava Copper Plates. The kingdom of Palakka might have extended westwards beyond the region now occupied by the districts of Auddepal and North Arcot.  It was perhaps situated to the west of Kanchi on the Eastern Ghats. 
विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर ने लेख किया है ... पालक (AS, p.553) गुप्तसम्राट समुद्रगुप्त की प्रयाग प्रशस्ति में इस स्थान के शासक उग्रसेन का समुद्रगुप्त द्वारा हराये जाने का उल्लेख है--' काञ्चेयकविष्णुगोपावसमुक्त्तक- -नीलराज वैङ्गेयकहस्तिवर्म्म-पाल्लकोग्रसेन-दैवराष्ट्रकुबेर....' विंसेंट स्मिथ ने इस स्थान को जिला नैलोर (मद्रास) के अंतर्गत बताया है. पहले कुछ विद्वानों का मत था कि यह स्थान पालघाट का प्राचीन नाम है.
- Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions/Place-Names and their Suffixes,p.260, s.n.10
- The Vakatka-Gupta Age by R. C. Majumdar and A.S. Altekar. p. 145 : Select Inscriptions by D. C. Sircar. p. 265, f. n. I : Indian Historical Quarterly, Calcutta. Vol. I, p. 686; Raychaudhuri, Political History of Ancient India by H. C. Raychaudhuri . p. 453.
- Law, Historical Geography of Ancient India by B. C. Law p. 179 : Pandey. Historical and Literary Inscriptions by R. B. Pandeya. p. 74 f. n. I.
- Early History of India by V. A. Smith . p. 301.
- Indian Historical Quarterly, Calcutta. I., p. 686.
- Diskalkar, Selections From Sanskrit Inscriptions by D. B. Diskalkar. Vol. I, Part. II, p.34.
- Ibid., p. 33, See Kanchi.
- Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.553