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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)

Parasika (पारसीक) was name of a Janapada/tribe in Punjab.



Jat clan


Tej Ram Sharma[1] writes....The Visnu Purana (2, 3, 17.) refers to the Madras along with the Aramas, Parasikas, and others and in the Matsya Purana 114,41. with Gandhara, Yavana and others.

Sandhya Jain[2] writes that one of The Mahabharata Tribes - Parasika (पारसीक) figures in 'geography' Mahabharata (VI.10.51); probably people of Persia or southern Iran. [3] Parasika (पारसीक) may be identified with Jat Gotra - Paraswal they were the occupying large lands and were zamindars.

Jat History

Hukum Singh Panwar[4] writes that the Parasikas and Vrcivants are Pre-Harappans and they might have, been survived by the Brishbhans, Vrika and Asi or Asika tribes of the Jats who are long-headed people of Punjab.

Hukum Singh Panwar (Pauria)[5] writes....The migrations of the Indus valley people to Mesopotamia, also known as Sumeria in history, can be traced in some detail. From an Indus region, known in the contemporary period as Odin164, (a distortion165 of Udayana), Panis migrated to Iraq in about 3500 B.C.166 Hall167 and Saggs167a also affirm the migration of highly civilized people from the Indus valley to Sumeria in the fourth millennium B.C. These people were called Sumerian because they derived their new name from Su-Meru, the Seat of gods168. They were the mercantile people of the Indus Valley as mentioned169 in the Rigvedic literature. In addition to them, the Asuras i.e. Parasikas170 and Vrichivans171, (identified with Rsika or Rathi and Brishbhan Jats in a previous chapter), of Hariyupiya172 (Harappa) abandoned in a body the town for foreign lands in the west after their unsuccessful battle against the so-called Daivic Aryans (the Bharatas) in about 7000 B.C. Similarly, we have every reason to believe that the frequent internecine battles between Jats and Meds, referred to above, must have compelled the vanquished to leave the valley for lands in the West.

164. Odin or Edin or Otien was a territory known as such on the left bank of Indus (Sindh) river Cf. map p. 7 in waddell, op.cit. It was also known as Meluha or Mlechh, country (K.D. Sethna, Karpasa in Pre-historic Ind., Biblia In Pvt. Ltd., N. Delhi, 1<)81. pp. 69ff. Farzand Ali Durrani, "West Pakistan and Persian Gulf in Antiquity", .JASP., Dacca. Vol IX. No. I, June. 1964, pp.1-2

165. Waddell. op.cit., pp. 104f.

166. Kalyanaramana, op.cit., pp. 96, 126. Hrozny, Anc. His. of W. Asia, Ind. Crete, pp. 107, 116 et seq. I I.K. Chatopadhyaya, Mohanjodaro and the Aryan Colonisation of Mesopotamia, OVIJ, Vol. III, Pt. I, March, 1965. Hoshiarpur pp. 3-16; and in AlOC., 1964. Dutt, Naipendra Kumar, Aryanisation of Ind. Cal. 1970, pp. 96f.

167. Hall, H.R.; Anc. His. of Near East, London 1960, pp. 173f, fn. 3,594.

167a. Saggs, op.cit., pp. 33f.

168. Kaiyanramana, op.cit., p. 96.

169. Mitra, Panchanan; Pre-historic Ind., Delhi, 1979, p. 272. R.P. Chanda's Monograph No. 31, in Memoir.; of ASI.; Ram Chandra Jain, Ethnology of Ane. Ind., Varanasi, 1970, pp. 47-50.

170. Kaiyanramana, op.cit., p. 141fn.

171. Pusalker, op.cit., p. 247, Jain, op.cit., pp. 114ff.

172. RV.

पारसीक जनपद

विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[6] ने लेख किया है ...आराम (AS, p.69) इस उद्धरण में आराम जनपद के निवासियों का उल्लेख मद्रों, अंबष्ठों और पारसीक के साथ है जिससे सूचित होता है कि आराम जनपद पंजाब में इन्हीं जनपदों के निकट स्थित होगा। 'माद्रारामास्तथाम्बष्ठा: पारसीकादयस्तथा'। (विष्णु पुराण 2, 3, 17)

In Mahabharata

Parasika (पारसीक) Mahabharata (VI.10.51)

Bhisma Parva, Mahabharata/Book VI Chapter 10 describes geography and provinces of Bharatavarsha. Parasika (पारसीक) province is mentioned in Mahabharata (VI.10.51).[7]...the Tiragraha-Taratoyas, the Rajikas, the Ramyaka ganas, the Tilakas, the Parasikas, the Madhumantas, the Parakutsakas;

External links


  1. Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions/Tribes, p.145
  2. Sandhya Jain: Adi Deo Arya Devata - A Panoramic View of Tribal-Hindu Cultural Interface, Rupa & Co, 7/16, Ansari Road Daryaganj, New Delhi, 2004 , p.136, s.n.129
  3. तीरग्राहास्तर तॊया राजिका रम्यका गणाः । तिलकाः पारसीकाश च मधुमन्तः परकुत्सकाः ।(VI.10.51)
  4. The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations/An Historico-Somatometrical study bearing on the origin of the Jats,p.158
  5. The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations/Jat-Its variants, p.352
  6. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.69
  7. तीरग्राहास्तर तॊया राजिका रम्यका गणाः, तिलकाः पारसीकाश च मधुमन्तः परकुत्सकाः (VI.10.51)