Persepolis

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Alexander The Great campaign Persia 331 BC
Persepolis on Map showing the route of Alexander the Great
Persepolis Map 500 BC

Persepolis (पर्सीपोलिस) was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire (ca. 550–330 BC).

Location

Persepolis is situated 70 km northeast of the modern city of Shiraz in the Fars Province of modern Iran.

Variants of name

Origin of the name

The English word Persepolis is derived from the Greek Πέρσης πόλις Pérsēs pólis, meaning "Persian city". In Old-Persian it was called Pārśapura[2].

Jat clans

  • Palsania (पलसानिया) Jat clan is believed by some authors to have originated from Persipolis (पर्सीपोलिस), the capital of empire of Iran. [3]

History

Archaeological evidence shows that the earliest remains of Persepolis date from around 515 BC. André Godard, the French archaeologist who excavated Persepolis in the early 1930s, believed that it was Cyrus the Great (Kūrosh) who chose the site of Persepolis, but that it was Darius I (Daryush) who built the terrace and the great palaces.

Jat connections

Bhim Singh Dahiya[4] writes that About Spooner's idea regarding Lord Buddha, we are not sure but we heartily agree with him when he says that Persepolis was the "ancestral home", of the Mauryas. [5]They were from the ruling families-the Zantoi of Manda empire.

Bhim Singh Dahiya[6] writes:

109. Mardha/Mirdha - They are the same as the Mardi of Herodotus and Amardi of Strabo. The word Mardi means 'Heroes'. Alexander defeated them in 330 B.C. between Persepolis and the Persian Gulf. [7]

Bhim Singh Dahiya[8] writes:

The phrase, "Aryanām Dahyunām" of the Avesta, and the Persepolis inscription of Xerxas mention the Dahae people of Trans-caspiana. R.G. Kent says that Dahistan was the country of the Dahae.[9] The story of prince Hibil Ziwal, (originally a gāthā of the Mandas) given in the Syriac Acts of Judas Thomas, has been recapitulated by E.S. Drower.[10] The name of Hibil Ziwa's father, is given as Manda Dhiia. Here is perhaps the first mention of Dahia/Dahiya, and Manda is also a clan name of the Jats.

External links

References

  1. Sir H. M. Elliot: The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians/IV. Al Istakhrí,p.26
  2. The Greeks and the Mauryas, pp. 17,40,185
  3. Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 263
  4. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Porus and the Mauryas,p.157
  5. Spooner, op. cit., p. 409.
  6. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Jat Clan in India,p.287
  7. Rawlinson, op. cit., vol. I, p. 338.
  8. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Jat Clan in India,p.251
  9. Languages, Vol. XII, p. 298.
  10. JRAS, 1954, p. 153.

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