Paraswal

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Paraswal (परसवाल)[1][2] Faraswal (फरसवाळ) Parswal (पर्सवाळ) Parswal/Parsawal (पर्सवाल) Parsval (पर्सवाल) Parshwal (पर्शवाल) Paurushwal (पौरुसवाल) Poras (पोरस)/(पौरस)[3] Parushwal (परूषवाल)/Poraswal (पोरसवाल)[4] [5] Porous (पौरूस) gotra Jats live in Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Haryana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra and sevaral other stated in India. The Palsania town in Sikar district was founded by these people.

Origin

  • Parshu was an ancient republic of Ayudhjivi Sangha known to Panini (V.3.117) and mentioned as Parshva (पार्श्व) in Mahabharata (VI.10.54). It may be the origin of this clan.
  • They are said to be the descendants of King Porus.

History

Ram Swarup Joon[7] writes about Purnwal, Phalswal or Poruswal: This gotra is spread all over the Punjab. A Puru King fought against Alexander. According to Arrian the historian of Alexander there were two Porus- es. These were not actually their names, but their gotras. In the Mahabharata they are mentioned as the "Purusik" tribe.


They are considered to be the descendants of the king Porus, who had war with Alexander the great.

This clan has been described by Megasthenes as the Parasangae (Paraswal), The hill-tribes between the Indus and the Iomanes, along with the Chrysei (Karesia), Cetriboni (Khatri), the Megallae (Mukul), the Chrysei (Karesia), the Cesi (Khasa) , and the Asange (Sangwa) Jat clans. (see - Jat clans as described by Megasthenes)

Bhim Singh Dahiya gives details about a Rigvedic tribe named Parsu : (RV X/86/23, Vlll/6/48) Parsava (1/105/8). A great donor King named Tirindira of this clan is mentioned in RV Vlll/6/46. Prithu Parsva, the great donor king is mentioned in Vlll/6/46. They are to be identified with Parsval clan of the Jats; gave their name, Pars, Persia to Iran. They are also mentioned by Panini (V/3/117).

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Ghaziabad district

Sultanpur,

Villages in J.P.Nagar district

Milak, Chajjupura,

Villages in Bulandshahar district

Loharkha,

Village in Bijnor district

Haldaur ,

Villages in Meerut district

Villages in Muzaffarnagar district

Distribution in Uttarakhand

Villages in Hardwar district

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Sonipat district

Villages in Panipat district

Distribution in Rajasthan

Villages in Sikar district

Jhalara (झालरा), Moondwara (मूंडवा़डा),

Locations in Jaipur city

Banipark, Ramnagar (Sodala), Mansinghpura, Murlipura Scheme, Purani Basti, Yagyashala ki Bawri,

Villages in Jaipur district

Amkeshpura (1), Amli Ki Dhani (4), Bassi, Pipala Ki Dhani (1), Pipala Phagi, Ramlyawala, Sanganer, Sriramjipura (Chaksu), Sriramjipura (1),

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Vidisha district

Vidisha,

Villages in Bhopal district

Bhopal,

Villages in Mandsaur district

Mandsaur,

Villages in Ratlam district

Villages in Ratlam district with population of this gotra are:

Ratlam 3,

Villages in Gwalior district

Gwalior, Lashkar (Gwalior),

Distribution in Jharkhand

Chhota Nagpur,

Notable persons from this clan

References

  1. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.242, s.n.176
  2. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. प-33
  3. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. प-55
  4. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. प-57
  5. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.48,s.n. 1464
  6. तीरग्राहास्तर तॊया राजिका रम्यका गणाः । तिलकाः पारसीकाश च मधुमन्तः परकुत्सकाः ।(VI.10.51)
  7. Ram Swarup Joon: History of the Jats/Chapter V,p. 98

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