Ranthambore

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View from Ranthambore Fort

Ranthambore (रणथम्भोर) or Ranthambhor or Ranthambhore is a town of historical importance in Sawai Madhopur district in Rajasthan.

The Founders

It was founded by chieftain Ran Mal Jat, hence the name Ranthambore. [1]

Its earlier name was Ranastambha (रणस्तम्भ) or Ranastambhapura (रणस्तम्भपुर). It was associated with Jainism during the times of Prithviraja I of Chahamana dynasty in 12th century. Siddhasenasuri, who lived in 12th century has included this place in the list of holy Jaina tirthas. In Mughal period a temple of Mallinatha was built in the fort. [2]

History

Ran Mal Jat founded this place by putting a stambh (pillar) at the location of present Ranthambore. He challenged the neighbouring rulers for battle. The area around Ranthambore was ruled by Gora and Nagil Jats two centuries prior to the rule of Chauhans.[3]

Raja Sajraj Veer Singh Nagil (880 to 935 AD) was the most famous ruler of the this small Jat State who headed a small army of 20000 die hard warriors including a calvary of 10000 soldiers to protect his kingdom from invaders.He was the first ruler of Ranthambore who developed and raised infrastructure to make this area worth talking. He is also considered as the founder of the fort, but nobody knows for certainty about the real founder the famous fort.

The Jat chieftains of the area helped Bhaga Bhatta Chauhan against Muslim invaders. Jalal-ud-deen Tunia of the group belonging to the group owing allegience to Razia Begum wanted to capture Ranthambhor. Razia had also come to attack the fort and sought help from the Jats. Thereafter Altunia with the help of Jats attacked Delhi also. [4]

Ranthambore Fort

The fortress of Ranthambore was founded in 944 by the Chauhans. Ranthambore Fort is a formidable fort and has been a focal point of historical developments of Rajasthan. It is situated near Sawai Madhopur town in Rajasthan.

It is surrounded today and lies within the famous Ranthambore National Park which was formerly the hunting grounds for the Maharajahs of Jaipur before Indian independence.


Nagill-The Jat Rulers And Tiger conservators

The Ranthambore was ruled by Nagil , a Jat of Nagavansh, prior to the rule of Prithviraj Chauhan of Ranthambore.The nagill jat captured the ranthambore much before 900A.D. and developed it into a place to live in.The name of the jat king ,was Raja Sajraj Veer Singh nagil who is also considered, according to the famous Jat historians Thakur Deshraj , the writer of jat ithihas 1934 and Mr Dharmpal Singh Dudi, Nagil people, a Jat clan, were rulers of Ranthambore.The association of nagil claim that their king was sajraj singh nagil and his small fort was demolished by Chouhan rulers and established their empire and fort of Ranthambore was renovated by them. Moreover no historian is sure about the date of construction of the fort.The A.S.I ,official agency of Indian Govt, is yet to confirm the actual date of construction of the fort .

The King of chauhans captured it from jat rulers as per the jat historians such as Takur deshraj singh. Raja Sajraj Veer Singh was really a brave king with brain,he also formulated some policies to conserve the FOREST and the TIGERS.He used to impose penalty on the offenders.He was a small king with a army of 20000 soldiers including the calvary of 10000 warrior.He was a nature lover king who did every thing for the human beings and tigers .He was a modern conservator in real sense.This is irony that he was never mentioned by the historians as a high class conservator.He is remembered as a brave king by his descendants of village Sanjarwas Haryana. We must adore his forest friendly policies and endorse his views about the conservation of tigers .He was against the customary law of hunting down the innocent animals.Even the guests of royal Jat ruler had been debarred from entering the forest. Once the Jat rulers lost the kingdom, the hunting had become a routine for the successive rulers whether its Hindu rulers or fanatic Mughal rulers. These so-called rulers just lived a lavish life style and never cared about wild creatures and human beings.The small time rulers did a better job than our big time rulers.The first ruler of Ranthambore, Raja Sajraj Veer Singh Nagill, never got the attention he deserved

Nagil - History of Nagil clan

ठाकुर देशराज लिखते हैं

ठाकुर देशराज लिखते हैं कि रणथम्भोर पर पहले चौहानों का अधिकार था। किन्तु उससे लगभग दो सदी पहले जाटों का अधिकार था। रणथम्भोर में चौहान राजपूत आठवीं सदी से पीछे पहुंचे थे। किन्तु उस समय भी जाटों का जोर कम नहीं हुआ था। भाटों के काव्यों पर यदि हम विश्वास करें तो कहा जाता है कि गौर और नागिल जाटों ने उस स्थान पर बीसियों पीढ़ी राज्य किया था। रणमल नामक एक जाट सरदार ने जिस स्थान पर रणखम्भ गाड़ा था तो आस-पास के राजाओं ने लड़ने की चुनौती दी थी, उसी स्थान पर आज रणस्तंभपुर या रणथम्भोर है। भाग भट्ट चौहान की भी, आस-पास के जाट सरदारों ने मुसलमानों के विरुद्ध सहायता की थी। मुस्लिम-काल में जलालूद्दीन तूनियां जो कि रजिया के दल का था, यहां का शासक बनना चाहता था। रजिया भी रणथम्भोर पर चढ़कर आई। उसने जाटों से सहायता चाही। जब कि वह रणथम्भोर के पास पहुंचने वाली थी कि तूनियां गुलाम सरदार के साथ जाटों का एक बड़ा दल आ गया और वह लौट गई। रजिया ने लौटकर अपनी मर्जीदान के साथ शादी कर ली। अलतूनियां ने बादशाही के जाट-सरदारों की मदद लेकर दिल्ली पर चढ़ाई की।1 जाट बड़ी वीरता के साथ लड़कर इस औरत के लिये काम आये।2


1. तारीख फरिश्ता। उर्दू (नवलकिशोर प्रेस का छपा) पृ. 105, 106।
2. वाकए राजपूताना। जिल्द 3।


जाट इतिहास:ठाकुर देशराज,पृष्ठान्त-591

References

Notes


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