Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 19
Mahabharata Book 2 Chapter 19: English
"Vasudeva said,--'behold, O Partha, the great capital of Magadha (II.19.1), standing in all its beauty. Filled with flocks and herds and its stock of water never exhausted, and adorned also with fine mansions standing in excellent array, it is free from every kind of calamity. The five large hills of Vaihara, Vipula, Varaha, Vrishabha, Rishigiri, and the delightful Chaityaka, all of high peaks [p. 46]: and overgrown with tall trees of cool shade and connected with one another, seem to be jointly protecting the city of Girivraja. The breasts of the hills are concealed by forests of delightful and fragrant Lodhras having the ends of their branches covered with flowers. It was here that the illustrious Gautama of rigid vows begat on the Sudra woman Ausinari (the daughter of Usinara) Kakshivat and other celebrated sons. That the race sprung from Gautama doth yet live under the sway of an ordinary human race (of monarchs) is only evidence of Gautama's kindness to kings. And, O Arjuna, it was here that in olden times the mighty monarchs of Anga, and Vanga and other countries, came to the abode of Gautama, and passed their days in joy and happiness. Behold, O Partha, those forests of delightful Pippalas and beautiful Lodhras standing near the side of Gautama's abode. There dwelt in old days those Nagas, Arbuda and Shakravapi, those persecutors of all enemies, as also the Naga Swastika and that other excellent Naga called Maninaga. Mani himself had ordered the country of the Magadhas to be never afflicted with drought, and Kaushika and Manimat also have favoured the country. Owning such a delightful and impregnable city, Jarasandha is ever bent on seeking the fruition of his purposes unlike other monarchs. We shall, however, by slaying him to-day humble his pride."
Vaisampayana said,--Thus saying those brothers of abundant energy, viz., he of the Vrishni race and the two Pandavas entered the city of Magadha. They then approached towards the impregnable city of Girivraja that was full of cheerful and well-fed inhabitants belonging to all the four orders, and where festivities were perennial. On arriving then at the gate of the city, the brothers (instead of passing through it) began to pierce (with their shafts) the heart of the high Chaityaka peak that was worshipped by the race of Brihadratha, as also by the citizens and which delighted the hearts of all the Magadhas. There Vrihadratha had slain a cannibal called Rishabha and having slain the monster made of his hide three drums which he placed in his own city. And those drums were such that once beaten their sound lasted one full month. And the brothers broke down the Chaityaka peak that was delightful to all the Magadhas, at that point where those drums covered with celestial flowers used to yield their continuous sound. And desirous of slaying Jarasandha they seemed by that act of theirs to place their feet upon the head of their foe. And attacking with their mighty arms that immovable and huge and high and old and celebrated peak always worshipped with perfumes and floral wreaths, those heroes broke it down. And with joyful hearts they then entered the city. And it so happened that the learned Brahmanas residing within the city saw many evil omens which they reported to Jarasandha. And the priest making the king mount an elephant whirled lighted brands about him. And king Jarasandha also, possessed of great prowess, with a view to warding of those evils, entered upon the celebration of a sacrifice, with proper vows and
fasts. Meanwhile, O Bharata, the brothers unarmed, or rather with their bare arms as their only weapons, desirous of fighting with Jarasandha, entered the capital in the guise of Brahmanas. They beheld the extraordinary beauty of the shops full of various edibles and floral wreaths, and supplied with articles of every variety of various qualities that man can desire. Those best of men, Krishna, Bhima, and Dhananjaya, beholding in those shops their affluence, passed along the public road. And endued with great strength they snatched forcibly from the flower-vendors the garlands they had exposed for sale. And attired in robes of various colours and decked in garlands and ear-rings the heroes entered the abode of Jarasandha possessed of great intelligence, like Himalayan lions eyeing cattle-folds. And the arms of those warriors, O king, besmeared with sandal paste, looked like the trunks of sala trees. The people of Magadha, beholding those heroes looking like elephants, with necks broad like those of trees and wide chests, began to wonder much. Those bull among men, passing through three gates that were crowded with men, proudly and cheerfully approached the king. And Jarasandha rising up in haste received them with water to wash their feet with, and honey and the other ingredients of the Arghya--with gifts of kine, and with other forms of respect. The great king addressing them said,--'Ye are welcome'! And, O Janamejaya, both Partha and Bhima remained silent at this. And addressing the monarch Krishna said,--'O king of kings these two are now in the observance of a vow. Therefore they will not speak. Silent they will remain till midnight After that hour they will speak with thee!' The king then quartering his guests in the sacrificial apartments retired into his private chambers. And when midnight arrived, the monarch arrived at the place where his guests attired as Brahmanas were. For, O King, that ever victorious monarch observed this vow which was known throughout the Worlds that as soon as he should hear of the arrival of Snataka Brahmanas at his place, should it be even at midnight, he would immediately, O Bharata, come out and grant them an audience. Beholding the strange attire of his guests that best of kings wondered much. For all that, however, he waited on them respectfully. Those bulls among men, those slayers of all foes, on the other hand, O thou best of the Bharata race, beholding king Jarasandha, said,--'Let salvation be attained by thee, O king, without difficulty.' And, O tiger among kings, having said this unto the monarch, they stood looking at each other. And, O king of kings, Jarasandha then said unto those sons of Pandu and him of the Yadu race, all disguised as Brahmanas--'Take your seats.' And those bulls among men sat themselves down, and like the three priests of a great sacrifice blazed forth in their beauty. And king Jarasandha, O thou of the Kuru race, firmly devoted to truth, censuring the disguised guests, said unto them,--'It is well known to me that in the whole world Brahmanas in the observance of Snataka vow never deck their persons with garlands and fragrant paste unseasonably. [p. 48]: Who are ye, therefore, thus decked with flowers, and with hands bearing the marks of the bow-string? Attired in coloured robes and decked unseasonably with flowers and paste, ye give me to understand that ye are Brahmanas, although ye bear Kshatriya energy. Tell me truly who ye are. Truth decks even kings. Breaking down the peak of the Chaityaka hill, why have ye, in disguise, entered (the city) by an improper gate without fear of the royal wrath? The energy of a Brahmana dwelleth in his speech, (not in act). This your feat is not suited to the order to which ye profess to belong. Tell us therefore, the end ye have in view. Arrived here by such an improper way, why accept ye not the worship I offer? What is your motive for coming to me? Thus addressed by the king, the high-souled Krishna, well-skilled in speech, thus replied unto the monarch in a calm and grave voice.
"Krishna said,--'O king, know us for Snataka Brahmanas. Brahmanas and Kshatriyas and Vaishyas are all, O monarch, competent to observe the vow of Snataka. This vow, besides, hath (many) especial and general rules. A Kshatriya observing this vow with especial rules always achieve prosperity. Therefore, have we decked ourselves with flowers. Kshatriyas again, O king, exhibit their energy by their arms and not in speech. It is, therefore, O son of Vrihadratha, that the speeches uttered by a Kshatriya are never audacious. O monarch, the creator hath planted his own energy in the aim of the Kshatriya. If thou wishest to behold it, thou shalt certainly behold it today. These are the rules of the ordinance, viz., that an enemy's abode should be entered through a wrong gate and a friend's abode through the right one. And know, O monarch, that this also is our eternal vow that having entered the foe's abode for the accomplishment of our purpose, we accept not the worship offered to us!"
Mahabharata Book 2 Chapter 19: Sanskrit
एष पार्थ महान सवादुः पशुमान नित्यम अम्बुमान निरामयः सुवेश्माढ्यॊ निवेशॊ मागधः शुभः 2 वैहारॊ विपुलः शैलॊ वराहॊ वृषभस तथा तथैवर्षिगिरिस तात शुभाश चैत्यक पञ्चमाः 3 एते पञ्च महाशृङ्गाः पर्वताः शीतलद्रुमाः रक्षन्तीवाभिसंहत्य संहताङ्गा गिरिव्रजम 4 पुष्पवेष्टित शाखाग्रैर गन्धवद्भिर मनॊरमैः निगूढा इव लॊध्राणां वनैः कामि जनप्रियैः 5 शूद्रायां गौतमॊ यत्र महात्मा संशितव्रतः औशीनर्याम अजनयत काक्षीवादीन सुतान ऋषिः 6 गौतमः कषयणाद अस्माद अथासौ तत्र वेश्मनि भजते मागधं वंशं स नृपाणाम अनुग्रहात 7 अङ्गवङ्गादयश चैव राजानः सुमहाबलाः गौतम कषयम अभ्येत्य रमन्ते सम पुरार्जुन 8 वनराजीस तु पश्येमाः परियालानां मनॊरमाः लॊध्राणां च शुभाः पार्थ गौतमौकः समीपजाः 9 अर्बुदः शक्र वापी च पन्नगौ शत्रुतापनौ सवस्तिकस्यालयश चात्र मणिनागस्य चॊत्तमः 10 अपरिहार्या मेघानां मागधेयं मणेः कृते कौशिकॊ मणिमांश चैव ववृधाते हय अनुग्रहम 11 अर्थसिद्धिं तव अनपगां जरासंधॊ ऽभिमन्यते वयम आसादने तस्य दर्पम अद्य निहन्मि हि 12 [व] एवम उक्त्वा ततः सर्वे भरातरॊ विपुलौजसः वार्ष्णेयः पाण्डवेयौ च परतस्थुर मागधं पुरम 13 तुष्टपुष्टजनॊपेतं चातुर्वर्ण्यजनाकुलम सफीतॊत्सवम अनाधृष्यम आसेदुश च गिरिव्रजम 14 ते ऽथ दवारम अनासाद्य पुरस्य गिरिम उच्छ्रितम बार्हद्रथैः पूज्यमानं तथा नगरवासिभिः 15 यत्र माषादम ऋषभम आससाद बृहद्रथः तं हत्वा माषनालाश च तिस्रॊ भेरीर अकारयत 16 आनह्य चर्मणा तेन सथापयाम आस सवे पुरे यत्र ताः पराणदन भेर्यॊ दिव्यपुष्पावचूर्णिताः 17 मागधानां सुरुचिरं चैत्यकान्तं समाद्रवन शिरसीव जिघांसन्तॊ जरासंध जिघान्सवः 18 सथिरं सुविपुलं शृङ्गं सुमहान्तं पुरातनम अर्चितं माल्यदामैश च सततं सुप्रतिष्ठितम 19 विपुलैर बाहुभिर वीरास ते ऽभिहत्याभ्यपातयन ततस ते मागधं दृष्ट्वा पुरं परविविशुस तदा 20 एतस्मिन्न एव काले तु जरासंधं समर्चयन पर्य अग्निकुर्वंश च नृपं दविरदस्थं पुरॊहिताः 21 सनातक वरतिनस ते तु बाहुशस्त्रा निरायुधाः युयुत्सवः परविविशुर जरासंधेन भारत 22 भक्ष्यमाल्यापणानां च ददृशुः शरियम उत्तमाम सफीतां सर्वगुणॊपेतां सर्वकामसमृद्धिनीम 23 तां तु दृष्ट्वा समृद्धिं ते वीथ्यां तस्यां नरॊत्तमाः राजमार्गेण गच्छन्तः कृष्ण भीम धनंजयाः 24 बलाद गृहीत्वा माल्यानि मालाकारान महाबलाः विराग वसनाः सर्वे सरग्विणॊ मृष्टकुण्डलाः 25 निवेशनम अथाजग्मुर जरासंधस्य धीमतः गॊवासम इव वीक्षन्तः सिंहा हैमवता यथा 26 शैलस्तम्भनिभास तेषां चन्दनागुरुभूषिताः अशॊभन्त महाराज बाहवॊ बाहुशालिनाम 27 तान दृष्ट्वा दविरदप्रख्याञ शालस्कन्धान इवॊद्गतान वयूढॊरस्कान मागधानां विस्मयः समजायत 28 ते तव अतीत्य जनाकीर्णास तिस्रः कक्ष्या नरर्षभाः अहं कारेण राजानम उपतस्थुर महाबलाः 29 तान पाद्य मधुपर्कार्हान मानार्हान सत्कृतिं गतान परत्युत्थाय जरासंध उपतस्थे यथाविधि 30 उवाच चैतान राजासौ सवागतं वॊ ऽसत्व इति परभुः तस्य हय एतद वरतं राजन बभूव भुवि विश्रुतम 31 सनातकान बराह्मणान पराप्ताञ शरुत्वा स समितिंजयः अप्य अर्धरात्रे नृपतिः परत्युद्गच्छति भारत 32 तांस तव अपूर्वेण वेषेण दृष्ट्वा नृपतिसत्तमः उपतस्थे जरासंधॊ विस्मितश चाभवत तदा 33 ते तु दृष्ट्वैव राजानं जरासंधं नरर्षभाः इदम ऊचुर अमित्रघ्नाः सर्वे भरतसत्तम 34 सवस्त्य अस्तु कुशलं राजन्न इति सर्वे वयवस्थिताः तं नृपं नृपशार्दूल विप्रैक्षन्त परस्परम 35 तान अब्रवीज जरासंधस तदा यादव पाण्डवान आस्यताम इति राजेन्द्र बराह्मणच छद्म संवृतान 36 अथॊपविविशुः सर्वे तरयस ते पुरुषर्षभाः संप्रदीप्तास तरयॊ लक्ष्म्या महाध्वर इवाग्नयः 37 तान उवाच जरासंधः सत्यसंधॊ नराधिपः विगर्हमाणः कौरव्य वेषग्रहणकारणात 38 न सनातक वरता विप्रा बहिर माल्यानुलेपनाः भवन्तीति नृलॊके ऽसमिन विदितं मम सर्वशः 39 ते यूयं पुष्पवन्तश च भुजैर जयाघात लक्षणैः बिभ्रतः कषात्रम ओजॊ च बराह्मण्यं परतिजानथ 40 एवं विराग वसना बहिर माल्यानुलेपनाः सत्यं वदत के यूयं सत्यं राजसु शॊभते 41 चैत्यकं च गिरेः शृङ्गं भित्त्वा किम इव सद्म नः अद्वारेण परविष्टाः सथ निर्भया राजकिल्बिषात 42 कर्म चैतद विलिङ्गस्य किं वाद्य परसमीक्षितम वदध्वं वाचि वीर्यं च बराह्मणस्य विशेषतः 43 एवं च माम उपस्थाय कस्माच च विधिनार्हणाम परणीतां नॊ न गृह्णीत कार्यं किं चास्मद आगमे 44 एवम उक्तस ततः कृष्णः परत्युवाच महामनाः सनिग्धगम्भीरया वाचा वाक्यं वाक्यविशारदः 45 सनातक वरतिनॊ राजन बराह्मणाः कषत्रिया विशः विशेषनियमाश चैषाम अविशेषाश च सन्त्य उत 46 विशेषवांश च सततं कषत्रियः शरियम अर्छति पुष्पवत्सु धरुवा शरीश च पुष्पवन्तस ततॊ वयम 47 कषत्रियॊ बाहुवीर्यस तु न तथा वाक्यवीर्यवान अप्रगल्भं वचस तस्य तस्माद बार्हद्रथे समृतम 48 सववीर्यं कषत्रियाणां च बाह्वॊर धाता नयवेशयत तद दिदृक्षसि चेद राजन दरष्टास्य अद्य न संशयः 49 अद्वारेण रिपॊर गेहं दवारेण सुहृदॊ गृहम परविशन्ति सदा सन्तॊ दवारं नॊ वर्जितं ततः 50 कार्यवन्तॊ गृहान एत्य शत्रुतॊ नार्हणां वयम परतिगृह्णीम तद विद्धि एतन नः शाश्वतं वरतम