Safidon

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Location of Safidon in Jind District

Safidon is a Tahsil in Jind district in Haryana It is situated on the bank of the Hansi branch of the Western Jumna Canal, 35 kilometers North-East of Jind and 30 kilometers west of Panipat.

History

The place is possibly the site of Sarpadevi or Sarpidadhi referred in Mahabharata and Vamana Puran. It is associated with snake sacrifice of Janamejaya son of Parikshita. The latter lost his life in the struggle against the Nagas of Taxila, which was later avenged by his son Janamejaya, symbolised in the epic tradition of Sarpasastra (snake sacrifice) which possibly took place at Sarpadevi. There are three ancient temples and tirthas of Nageshvara Mahadeva, Nagadamni Devi and Nagashetra.


The area was first occupied by a Pre-Harappan Chalcolithic agricultural community, whose pottery has been recovered from a number of places near Safidon, including Hatt, Harigarh (Hattkeshawar), Anta, Morkhi, and Beri Khera.

The area was irrigated during the reign of Firuz Shah Tughlaq (1351-1388) of the Tughlaq dynasty, who built a canal from the Yamuna which entered the district at Anta, and thence flowing through the present Jind tehsil from east to west in the line of the old Chutang nadi past the town of Safidon and Jind, reached up to Hisar. Firoz also made administrative changes, creating a separate Iqta of Safidon and placed the entire area of the present district under its Mukta, Yalkhan, a trusted noble. He also changed the name of Safidon to Tughluqpur.

After Firoz's death, discord disrupted the Delhi Sultanate, and the Tughlaq dynasty lost Safidon and Jind. Timur attacked northern India in 1398, entering Haryana from Punjab. The district of Jind did not suffer much at his hands; during his march from Kaithal to Panipat he touched only the outskirts of the district except for a short distance of a few kilometres from Muana (a village)to Safidon and a little beyond. While local inhabitants fled, the fort of Safidon was burned.

Gajpat Singh, a great-grandson of Phul, the founder of the Phulkian Misl, one of the 12 confederacies of the Sikhs in the 18th century took advantage of the above situation. He took part in the attack of the Sikhs on the province of Sirhind in 1763 in which Zain Khan, the Afghan Governor of the province, was killed. Gajpat Singh occupied a large tract of the country including Jind and Safidon as his share of the spoil. Safidon is the basically the land of Jat Sikh people .

After Partition of India in 1947, several Jat Sikh settle down in Safidon city and nearby villages. Major clans of them are : Virk, Dhaliwal, Chahal, Maan, Sandhu, Cheema, Dhillon, Randhawa, Sahi, Kahlon, etc. Mostly migrations were from the districts of Gujranwala, Sheikhupura, Multan, Bhawalnagar and Jhang (now in modern Pakistan).

During the reorganization of the Punjab in 1966, the Sangrur was divided and Jind and Narwana Tehsils were allocated to Haryana and were constituted into Jind. The Jind tehsil was divided into two tehsils of Jind and Safidon in 1967. In January 1973, five villages of Kaithal Tehsil were transferred to Safidon tehsil .

Geography

Safidon is located at 29.42°N Latitudes and 76.67°E Longitudes.

Safidon is situated at center of Panipat and Jind. The town is the headquarters of the tehsil of the same name. It is situated on the bank of the Hansi branch of the Western Yamuna Canal.

The elevation of Safidon is about 221 m above sea level. The fertile land of Safidon paves the way for the growth of crops such as wheat, paddy,sugarcane,millets,pulses,vegetables and fruits ; accompanied by well developed irrigation facilities. The groundwater of some villages like Anta , Rampura,Khera Khemawati, Chhapar are considered to.be the best in district Jind.

Safidon has a very moderate climate. Summers are hotter and winters are colder here. The rainfall is almost good, unless Safidon is experiencing Monsoon deficiency from few years.

Safidon is connected to major cities through roads and railways. There is one bus stand in the city where direct buses to major destinations like Delhi, Chandigarh, Panipat, Jind,Dehradun, Karnal, Kaithal, Sirsa, Hisar, Haridwar, Assandh, Gohana etc. are available. Safidon comes under Jind Depot of Haryana Roadways. Trains for Panipat, Jind, Rohtak, Sangrur and Bathinda are available at Safidon Railway Station. Safidon Junction is administered under Northern Railway Zone (NR).

Haryana Urban Development Authority (HUDA) also develops the city and acquired the land for housing board.The Delhi National Capital Region (NCR) Board joined District Jind in the National Capital Region Board.

Jat Gotras

Aulakh, Baath, Beniwal, Boora, Chahal, Chattha, Cheema, Deshwal, Dhaliwal, Dhillon, Ghanghas, Ghumman, Gill, Hanjra, Jaglan, Kadiyan, Kahlon, Kundu, Lathwal, Malhi, Malik, Mann, Mor, Redhu, Sangwan, Sandhu, Sarao, Tarar, Virk, Waraich.

Villages in Safidon tahsil

Aftabgarh, Anchra Kalan, Anchra Khurd, Anta, Badodh, Bagru Kalan, Bagru Khurd, Bahadargarh, Bahadarpur, Basini, Bhuslana, Butani, Chhapar, Dharamgarh, Didwara, Gangoli, Harigarh, Hat, Hoshiarpura, Jaipur, Karkhana, Karsindhu, Kharkara, Khatla, Khera Khemawati, Kurar, Malakpur, Malar, Nimnabad, Paju Kalan, Paju Khurd, Ramnagar, Rampura, Ratta Khera, Rojhla, Rorh, Safidon (MC), Sahanpur, Sarfabad, Silla Kheri, Singhana, Singhpura, Siwana Mal, Theh Malakpur, Tito kheri, Todi Kheri,

Notable persons

  • Sardar Sardul Singh Dhaliwal: First Jat Sikh MLA of Safidon and won with highest no. of votes in Haryana Assembly Elections,1987 . He was also the Chairman of Haryana Sugar Mills. Belonged to Chhapar Village.
  • Advocate Kulbir Singh Dhaliwal: Renowned laywer at Panjab Haryana High Court, Chandigarh. Two times Bar Association President.
  • Sardar Gurbhajan Singh Chahal : Famous Social Worker and Politician.
  • Sardar Nirvel Singh Virk: Famous Congress Leader and Social Worker of the city.

External links

References



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