A Fort belonging to the former princely state still stands tall in Sailana, and houses the famous Cactus Garden with over 1200 species of cactus out of which 50 are Indian, perhaps the biggest collection in Asia. Other tourist attractions in Sailana include the "Kedareshwar" temples.
Villages in Sailana tahsil
Adarsila, Adupada, Adwaniya, Alka Kheda, Amaliyadol Kalan, Amaliyadol Khurd, Amaliyapada Walabid, Amargarh, Amargarh, Amarpura, Ambaghati, Ambakudi, Ambakudi, Ambapada, Ambapada, Asawari, Baddapura Khurd, Baddhapura Kalan, Badi Kalan, Badi Khurd, Bagriyo Ki Khedi, Bajjapura, Bakhatpura Kalan, Bakhatpura Khurd, Bandariya Ka Mal, Banjala, Banki, Barda, Barpati, Barpati Ka Mal, Basindra, Batli Kheda, Bavadi Kheda Kalan, Bavadi Kheda Khurd, Bawadi, Bayadi, Bedadi, Berda, Bhada, Bhadkya, Bhalla Ka Mal, Bhamat, Bhandariya, Bhatkhedi, Bhedali, Bherughata, Bhilo Ki Khedi, Bhojpura, Bhurapani, Birja Rundi, Borda, Borka Kheda, Borka Kheda, Byatonk, Chameli Kheda, Chandera, Chawada Khedi Bhilan, Chawada Khedi Gujran, Chhachhoi Naka, Chhamhuda, Chhayani, Chira Khadan, Dabi Khora, Damarundi, Dangraghati, Daulatpura, Deodungra, Deogarah, Deorundi, Dhabai Khedi, Dhamuka, Dhani, Dhanji Ka Tapra, Dokariya Kund, Dumghata, Dungra Punja, Fatehpuriya, Ganava, Ganthela Bordi, Garad, Garethi, Gayaripada, Gayripada, Geni, Gherpipli, Ghodadeh, Ghodapalla, Gopalpura, Gordhanpura, Gudbheli, Gundipada, Gunja, Gwalgarh, Haldupada, Harsora, Indrawal Kalan, Indrawal Khurd, Jambu Kudi, Jambudia Ka Mal, Jambudiya, Jambupada, Jamda Bhilan, Jamda Gujran, Janpaliya, Jhari, Jhosla, Junapani, Juni Sunari, Junibordi, Junwaniya, Kachala, Kachari, Kadmala, Kajaliya, Kalabhata, Kalakhet, Kalidevi, Kalta, Kalwani, Kalyabari, Kalyanpura, Kangsi, Kapasiya, Karikala, Kariya, Kelda, Kesarpura, Khankhai, Khankhra Kui, Khankhrapada, Khanpura Jambu, Khanpurabad, Khanya Ka Tapra, Kheda, Kheda Indrawal, Khedi, Khedi Kalan, Khedi Khurd, Kher Khunta, Kher Khunta, Khori, Kolpura, Kotada, Kothariya, Kumdariya, Kunda, Kundal, Kunwarpada, Kupada, Kuwa Jhagar, Limadipada, Limdipada, Longarji Ka Tapra, Luni, Lunighati, Madhopura, Mahapura, Mahigaon, Mahudipada, Mahudipada, Mahudipada, Mahudipada, Mahudipada Khurd, Makanpura, Makodiya Rundi, Mannaji Ka Tapra, Manpura, Matar, Mithima Ki Khedi, Morjhar, Nal, Natwarpura, Naya Kheda, Naya Kheda, Naya Tapra, Nayapada, Nayapura, Negdapada, Ninama Ka Tapra, Padav, Padav Hatila, Pahadi Bangla, Palwa, Panibad, Panthwari, Parnala, Patdi, Patdi, Patdi, Phatanyapada, Phuphirundi, Pindwara, Pipalghati, Piplipada, Punapada, Punapada, Punapadav, Punya Khedi, Radhokua, Rajakhori, Rajapura, Rampuriya, Rampuriya Bhilan, Rampuriya Gujran, Richhi, Richhkhora, Sagala Kho, Sailana (NP), Sakrawada, Salrapada, Salwaniya, Sankad, Sansar, Sanwalia Rundi, Sarwan, Seliyarundi, Semal Kheda, Semal Kheda, Sera, Shivgarh, Shivji Ka Tapra, Shri Kheda, Shyampura, Somarundi Kalan, Somarundi Khurd, Sunari, Sundi, Talab Bordi (Bhilan), Talab Bordi Gujran, Taraghati, Terma Bordi, Thikriya, Thuvarnaka, Tori, Udaypuriya, Under, Vanpura, Wali,
Kishkindha Kanda Sarga 41 discusses about the Empire of Holy Vanaras. Sugreeva sends Vanara-s to southward which troop includes Hanuman, Jambavanta, Nila and others and Angada is its leader. Sugreeva gives a vivid picture of the southern side of Jambu dviipa.
- 31, 32a. "Oh, vanara-s, venerate that Mt. Pushpitaka by bowing your heads and search it thoroughly. Then on going across that inviolable mountain and taking a highly impassable route there is a mountain named Suryavan after fourteen yojana-s from Mt. Pushpitaka." [4-41-31, 32a]
- प्रणम्य शिरसा शैलम् तम् विमार्गथ वानराः ।
- तम् अतिक्रम्य दुर्धर्षम् सूर्यवान् नाम पर्वतः ॥४-४१-३१॥
- अध्वना दुर्विगाहेन योजनानि चतुर्दश ।
Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 48 describes about various kinds of tribute presented unto Yudhishthira by the kings of the earth. Shail tribe mentioned as who procured from the sides of the Kamyaka lake, and covered with defensive armour.
- ईषा दन्तान हेमकक्षान पथ्मवर्णान कुदावृतान
- शैलाभान नित्यमत्तांश च अभितः काम्यकं सरः (Mahabharata:II.48.19)
They are mentioned in Shalya Parva, Mahabharata/Book IX Chapter 44 shloka 58 as under:
- उथराक्षॊ झषाक्षश च वज्रनाभॊ वसु परभः
- समुथ्रवेगॊ राजेन्थ्र शैलकम्पी तदैव च (Mahabharata:IX.44.58)
Sailana by Megasthenes
It is one of Jat clans as described by Megasthenes:
- Then next to these towards the Indus come, after these are the tribes: The Uri (Uria) and Sileni (Sel); Immediately beyond come deserts extending for 250 miles.
Tej Ram Sharma  mentions about a place name Sailan. The name Sailan also occurs in the works of Rashiduddin, Hayton and Jordanus. Al-Beruni called it Smgaldib Simhala is perhaps so called as once abounding in lions. We may note here that there are references to another Simhala quite different from Ceylon. It was placed to the east of Marudesa and to the south of the Kamadri. It is evidently in the Punjab-Rajasthan region and reminds us of the kingdom of Simhapura mentioned by Hiuen Tsang.
- ततः सिंहपुरं रम्यं चित्रायुधसुरक्षितम
- परामदथ बलम आस्दाय पाकशासनिर आहवे (II. 24.19)
It was a princely state of Rathore (Ratanawat clan) with an area of 769 square kilometres. Raja Jai singh (1730-1757) made his capital at Sailana, and became its first Rathore ruler in 1730.
A Fort belonging to the then royal family still stands tall in heart of Sailana, and the area is known as “Palace Chauraha“, or “Rajwada“. A descendant of the royal family still occupies part of the fort. The main tourist attraction of Sailana, is the Cactus Garden, housed inside this fort.
Kedareshwar temple of Lord Shiva is again famous in Sailana, and actually there are two of them, both 4 km both from the fort (but in opposite directions). The temple is situated in a man made cave (carved out from a cliff of igneous rocks). The cliff along with many others surrounds a small valley. From the top of the cliff, a small stream of monsoon rain water forms a waterfall and joins a small pond of water in the valley. From here a river originates and flows down into the plains of Rajasthan.
Jat Gotras in the village
As per Veer Jat Parichayavali, Anand Prakashan Ratlam (Madhya Pradesh), the gotra wise population of Jats, including that of women, living in the village is as under:
- Age 4,
- Bikarwar 1,
- Gadwar 1,
- Tanwar 1,
- Jani 2,
- Jarawata 3,
- Jhajda 1,
- Kudi 1,
- Nardaniya 1,
- Panga 1,
- Siyag 5,
- Vadiyar 4,
- Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihasa (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998, p.283
- Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions/Tribes by Tej Ram Sharma 1976 , p.161 Published by - Naurang Rai Concept Publishing Company 65-F, Anand Nagar DELHI-1 10035 (India)
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