Sanyati

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Ancestry of Sanyati as per Bhagavata Purana

Sanyati (संयाति) was a king in the branch of Puru son of Bahugava (बहुगव). Sanyati 's son was Virabhadra. Virabhadra had four sons 1. Pon Bhadra 2. Kalhan Bhadra 3. Atisur Bhadra and 4. Jakh Bhadra.

Place name in Ashtadhyayi

Sanyati (सांयाति) is a place name mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi under Kashyadi (काश्यादि) (4.2.116) group. [1]

In Mahabharata

Adi Parva, Mahabharata/Mahabharata Book I Chapter 75 gives us Genealogy of Daksha, Manu, Bharata, Ruru, Puru, Ajamidha, Yadavas, Kurus.

Nahusha begat six sons, all of sweet speech, named Yati, Yayati, Sanyati, Ayati, and Dhruva.

यतिं ययातिं संयातिम आयातिं पाञ्चम उद्धवम
नहुषॊ जनयाम आस षट पुत्रान परियवाससि Mahabharata (I.70.28), (1.75),

Adi Parva, Mahabharata/Mahabharata Book I Chapter 90 tells us that Prachinwat married Asmaki, a daughter of the Yadavas and begat upon her a son named Sanyati. And Sanyati married Varangi, the daughter of Drishadwata and begat upon her a son named Ahampati. [2]

Adi Parva, Mahabharata/Mahabharata Book I Chapter 95 tells us: Prachinwat married Asmaki, a daughter of the Yadavas and begat upon her a son named Sanyati. And Sanyati married Varangi, the daughter of Drishadwata and begat upon her a son named Ahayanti. [3]

Jat Gotras descended from Sanyati

Sanyati 's son was Virabhadra , whose four sons are the api-persons of following Jat Gotras:

  • Pon Bhadra is the originator of Punia gotra.
  • Kalhan Bhadra is the originator of Kalhan gotra.
  • Atisur Bhadra had Ajanta Jata Shankar and his son Dahi Bhadra in the lineage. Dahi Bhadra is the originator of Dahiya gotra.
  • Jakh Bhadra is the originator of Jakhar gotra.

Migrations

According to the bards of Dahiyas, the descendants of above spread as under:

(a) Pon Bhadra’s descendants Punias to Haryana, Brij, and Gwalior

(b) Kalhan Bhadra’s descendants Kalhans to KathiAwar and Gujarat.

(c) Atisur Bhadra’s to Malwa

(d) Jakh Bhadra’s descendants Jakhars to Punjab and Kashmir

(e) Dahi Bhadra’s descendants Dahiyas to Punjab and Central Asia

The historian Ram Swarup Joon has given the chronology of Virabhadra, obtained from the records of the Bards of Dholpur, in his book ‘History of the Jats’ (1938, 1967) as under: [4]

Family tree of Sanyati

(Obtained from the records of the Bards of Dholpur - after English Generation)
From : 		      Sanyati:
			     |
			 Vir Bhadra( 4 sons)
                       |
_________________________________________________________
|	             |	         | 	             | 
Pon Bhadra  KalhanBhadra Atisur Bhadra          Jakh Bhadra
(Originator (Originator	    |	           (Originator
Punya	      Kalhan       |		        Jakhar
Gotra)	     Gotra)	        |	        Gotra)
 
			    Anjana Jata Shankar
			   	    |		            |
			   Dahi Bhadra	              Brahma Bhadra
			   (Originator
			   Dahiya
			   Gotra)

Note:

According to the Bhats (bards) of the Dahiya Gotra, the descendants. Of the above spread to the following areas

(a) Pon Bhadra’s to Haryana, Brij, and Gwalior

(b) Kalhan Bhadra’s to KathiAwar and Gujrat.

(c) Atisur Bhadra’s to Malwa

(d) Jakh Bhadra’s to Punjab and Kashmir

(e) Dahi Bhadra’s to Punjab and Central Asia

(f) Brahma Bhadra’s by the name of Bamroliya to Jammu and Kashmir, Haridwar and Punjab (the ruling family of Dholpur is from this branch)

Raja Vir Bhadra had five sons and two grand sons named Pon Bhadra, Jakh Bhadra, Kalhan Bhadra, Brahma Bhadra, Ati Sur Bhadra, Dahi Bhadra and Anjana Jata Shankar. Seven major Jat gotras are named after these seven descendants of Vir Bhadra. A detailed account of these is found in the family history of Rana of Dholpur. This proves the descent of some Jats from Vir Bhadra.

  • Pon Bhadra is the originator of Punia gotra.
  • Kalhan Bhadra is the originator of Kalhan gotra.
  • Atisur Bhadra had Anjana Jata Shankar and his son Dahi Bhadra in the lineage. Dahi Bhadra is the originator of Dahiya gotra.
  • Jakh Bhadra is the originator of Jakhar gotra.


According to the bards of Dahiyas, the descendants of above spread as under:

(a) Pon Bhadra’s to Haryana, Brij, and Gwalior

(b) Kalhan Bhadra’s to Kathiawar and Gujarat.

(c) Atisur Bhadra’s to Malwa

(d) Jakh Bhadra’s to Punjab and Kashmir

(e) Dahi Bhadra’s to Punjab and Central Asia

Sanyati in Zimbabwe

Sanyati is a village in the province of Mashonaland West, Zimbabwe, a landlocked country located in the southern part of the continent of Africa. It is located about 92 km north-west of Kadoma on the Sanyati River. It is the location of Sanyati Baptist Mission, which comprises Sanyati Baptist Hospital, Sanyati Baptist High School, and Sanyati Baptist Primary School.

References

  1. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.508
  2. :पराचिन्वान खल्व अश्मकीम उपयेमे
    तस्याम अस्य जज्ञे संयाति Mahabharata (I.90.13)
    संयातिः खलु दृषद्वतॊ दुहितरं वराङ्गीं नामॊपयेमे
    तस्याम अस्य जज्ञे अहं पातिः Mahabharata (I.90.14)
  3. पराचिन्वान खल्व अश्मकीम उपयेमे
    तस्याम अस्य जज्ञे संयाति Mahabharata (I.95.13)
    संयातिः खलु दृषद्वतॊ दुहितरं वराङ्गीं नामॊपयेमे
    तस्याम अस्य जज्ञे अहं पातिः Mahabharata (I.95.14)
  4. Ram Swarup Joon: History of the Jats’ (1938, 1967)

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