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Sarvasena (सर्वसेन) was a janapada mentioned by Panini in Gaṇa-pāṭha (IV.3.92) and as King of Kashi in Mahabharata (I.90.34), (VI.10 59).

Variants of name

Mention by Panini

Sarvasena (सर्वसेन) is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi under Shandikadi (शंडिकादि) (4.3.92) group.[1]

V. S. Agrawala[2] writes that Gaṇa-pāṭha of Panini refers to janapada Sarvasena (IV.3.92) = described as a dry region.

V. S. Agrawala[3] mentions Sanghas known to Panini which includes - Sarvaseni (सार्वसेनि), under Damanyadi (दामन्यादि) (V.3.116).

Sarvasena (सर्वसेन) is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [4]

Sarvaseni (सार्वसेनि), a warlike tribe, is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [5]


V. S. Agrawala[6] mentions Ayudhajivi Sanghas in the Ganapatha, which includes - Dāmanayādi' group (V.3.116) – The names which are supported both by Commentary on the Chandra and the Kashika are Aulupi, Audaki, Āchyutanti (or Achyutadanti), Kākādanti, Sārvaseni, Bindu, Tulabha (Kashika Ulabha), Mauñjāyana, and Sāvitriputra. Of these only the Sāvitriputras are mentioned in Mahabharata (Vanaparva, 297.85; Karnaparva, V.49) and should be located in the Punjab adjacent to Ushinaras. The Sarvaseni seem to be a branch of the Sarvasenas mentioned in the Śaṇḍikādi Gana (IV.3.72), like Gāndhāri-Gandhāra, Sālva-Sālveya. Kāra in Madrakāra meant army or troops, being an old Persian word. It is the same as Sanskrit Senā. The Madrakaras were a division of the Sālvas (IV.1.173), a significant name derived from their territory containing rich pockets of kāras or soldiery. This is just the idea of Sārvaseni also,

[p.447]: and it appears that this was the region of north Rajasthan, where we have already located the Sālva. This is confirmed by the Kashika counting it amongst three rain-less areas, viz. Trigarta, Sauvira, and Sārvaseni. Mauñjāyana (V.3.116, IV.1.99) seems to be Munjān in the upper Oxus region, the home of the Galcha dialect called Munjani (cf. Maunjayani in IV.1.73 gana). The Baijavāpi seem to be genuine reading in ganas.

The Vatsagulma (the present day Washim) branch of Vakataka includes king named Sarvasena (330–355).

In Mahabharata

Sarvasenaya (सर्वसेनय) (VI.10 59)

Sarvasenya सर्वसैन्य (VI.20.12)

Sarvaseni (सार्वसेनी) (Sarvasena's daughter) (I.90.34),

Adi Parva, Mahabharata/Mahabharata Book I Chapter 90 mentions ...History and family tree of Puru, Bharatas and Pandavas commencing from Daksha....Sarvaseni (सार्वसेनी) (I.90.34) is mentioned as Sarvasena's daughter....Sakuntala's son came to be called Bharata. And Bharata married Sunanda, the daughter of Sarvasena, the king of Kasi, and begat upon her the son named Bhumanyu. [7]

Bhisma Parva, Mahabharata/Book VI Chapter 10 describes geography and provinces of Bharatavarsha...The other Provinces in south include Sarvasena (VI.10 59). [8]

Bhisma Parva, Mahabharata/Book VI Chapter 20 describes the warriors in Bhisma's division. Bhurisrava (भूरिश्रव) is mentioned in Mahabharata (VI.20.12). [9]....Varddhakshatri, Sarvasenya, Bhurisrava, Purumitra, Jaya, Shalva, Matsya, Kekaya,....

External links


  1. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.511
  2. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.62
  3. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.500
  4. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.62
  5. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.446
  6. India as Known to Panini,p.446-447
  7. भरतः खलु काशेयीम उपयेमे सार्वसेनीं सुनन्दां नाम, तस्याम अस्य जज्ञे भुमन्युः (I.90.34)
  8. समङ्गाः कॊपनाश चैव कुकुराङ्गथ मारिषाः, धवजिन्य उत्सव संकेतास तरिवर्गाः सर्वसेनयः Mahabharata (VI.10 59)
  9. वार्द्धक्षत्रिः सर्वसैन्यस्य मध्ये; भूरिश्रवाः पुरुमित्रॊ जयश च, शाल्वा मत्स्याः केकयाश चापि सर्वे; गजानीकैर भरातरॊ यॊत्स्यमानाः (VI.20.12)