Satvata

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Satvat (सात्वत) was a republic known to Panini and mentioned as a race in Mahabharata (V.19.1),(VI.47.19), (VI.52.3), (VI.112.12).

Jat clans

  • Satvat (सात्वत) [1][2][3] is gotra of Jats. This gotra originated from Maharaja Satvaka (सात्वक). [4]

Variants of name

History

V. S. Agrawala[6] mentions Sanghas known to Panini which includes - Satvat (सत्वत्), under Parshvadi (पर्शवादि) (V.3.117).


V. S. Agrawala[7] mentions Ayudhajivi Sanghas in the Ganapatha, which includes - Sātvata. The Satvata and Dāśārha clans are stated in the Mahabharata to have formed part of the Andhaka-Vrishni Sangha.


Kaushitakai Upanishada collocates the Usinaras with the Satvata-Matsyas, the Kuru-Panchalas and the Sasas [8].


Hukum Singh Panwar (Pauria)[9] refers Kirfel and Morton Smith (1973: 169,171), who consider the interpolation of the Haihayas in the Yadavas as simple nonsense. The Satvatas, including Andhakas and Vrishnis, were Vratya Vaisa (Manu, X, 23).


Hukum Singh Panwar (Pauria)[10] writes ... No doubt, there was a confederacy of the Yadava tribes in the South and the so-called republican Sangha of the Andhaka- Vrishnis (in the North?), but it may be pointed out that they being 'Rajanyaka' in their constitution, were not, strictly speaking, democratic republics in the sense of the words. It is interesting to note that the Andhaka-Vrshnis as the descendents of the Satvatas (who were the Vratya Vaisyas)[11], were not Yadavas.


It is believed that Vrishni was son of Satvata, a descendant of Yadu, the son of Yayati. He had two wives, Gandhari and Madri. He has a son named Devamidhusha by his wife Madri. Vasudeva, the father of Krishna was the grandson of Devamidhusha.[12]


Satvata was An ethnic name of the great Yadava confederacy in Anarta. Satvata was a great King whose sons established at least four distinct lineages of Kshatriyas, viz. Bhoja, Andhaka, Kukura and Vrishni.[13]

In Mahabharata

Satvat (सात्वत) is mentioned in Mahabharata (V.19.1),(VI.47.19), (VI.52.3), (VI.112.12).

Udyoga Parva/Mahabharata Book V Chapter 19 mentions the Kings and tribes Who joined Yudhishthira for war. "Then Yuyudhana, the great hero of the Satwata race (V.19.1), came to Yudhishthira with a large army of foot,..." [14]


Bhisma Parva, Mahabharata/Book VI Chapter 47 describes immeasurable heroes assembled for battle. ..."And Aswatthaman, and Kripa, and Kritavarman of Satwata's race (VI.47.19), with a very large division of the troops, were, stationed at the rear of the army." [15]


Bhisma Parva, Mahabharata/Book VI Chapter 112 mentions ..."Then that great bowman Of the Satwata race ( VI.112.12), possessed of great fame, deeply pierced by Drona's son, pierced the latter (in return) with arrows." [16]

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Notable persons

External links

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-39
  2. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-5
  3. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.61,s.n. 2405
  4. Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Ādhunik Jat Itihas, Agra 1998, p. 282
  5. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya etc.,: Ādhunik Jat Itihas, Agra 1998 p.245
  6. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.500
  7. India as Known to Panini,p.449
  8. The Upanishads, Part I (SBE01): Kaushîtaki-Upanishad: 4.1.
  9. The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations/The Yadava origin of the Jats ,p.80
  10. The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations/The Yadava origin of the Jats ,p.80
  11. Shafer, R.; op.cit, p. 152. Manu. x. 23,
  12. Pargiter F.E. (1922, reprint 1972). Ancient Indian Historical Tradition, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, pp.103-7
  13. Sandhya Jain: Adi Deo Arya Devata - A Panoramic View of Tribal-Hindu Cultural Interface, Rupa & Co, 7/16, Ansari Road Daryaganj, New Delhi, 2004 , p.144
  14. युयुधानस ततॊ वीरः सात्वतानां महारदः, महता चतुरङ्गेण बलेनागाथ युधिष्ठिरम Mahabharata (V.19.1)
  15. अश्वत्दामा कृपश चैव कृतवर्मा च सात्वतः, महत्या सेनया सार्धं सेना पृष्ठे वयवस्दिताः Mahabharata (VI.47.19)
  16. सॊ ऽतिविथ्धॊ महेष्वासॊ थरॊणपुत्रेण सात्वतः, थरॊणपुत्रं तरिभिर बाणैर आजघान महायशाः (Mahabharata, VI.112.12)

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