|The author of this article is Dayanand Deswal दयानन्द देसवाल|
The rulers of this dynasty claimed to belong to the family of Sayyids or the descendants of the Prophet Muhammad, through his daughter Fatima and son-in-law and cousin Ali, who belonged to the Banu Hashim Clan of the Quraish Tribe. After Timur sacked Delhi and ended the Tughlaq Dynasty's rule in 1398, he appointed these Sayyids as the governor of Delhi.
Actually, the Sayyid Dynasty had effective control of only a few miles around Delhi.
With the power of the Sayyid dynasty faltering, Islam’s history on the Indian subcontinent underwent a profound change, according to some historians. The previously dominant Sunni sect of Islam became diluted, alternate Muslim sects such as Shia rose, and new competing centers of Islamic culture took roots beyond Delhi.
Their 37-year period of dominance witnessed the rule of four different members of the dynasty.
Rulers of Saiyyid Dynasty
- Sayyid Khizr Khan (also known as Khizr Khan) - (1414–1421)
- Sayyid Mubarak Shah (also known as Mubarak Khan - (1421–1434)
- Sayyid Muhammad Shah) - (1434–1445)
- Sayyid Ala-ud-din Alam Shah (also called Ala-ud-din Shah) - (1445-1451)
Decline of Sayyid Dynasty
The last ruler of this dynasty, Sayyid Ala-ud-din Alam Shah, was a weak ruler who voluntarily abdicated the throne of the dynasty in favour of Bahlol Khan Lodi in April 1451, and left for Badaun where he continued to reside till his death in 1478. To sum up, the Sayyid dynasty was displaced by the Lodi Dynasty in 1451.