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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (Retd.)

Seka (सेक) was a republic known to Panini and mentioned in Mahabharata.


Variants of name

Jat clans


V. S. Agrawala[1] mentions Vishayas known to Panini which includes - Saikayata (सैकयत), under Bhauriki Gana (IV.2.54).

Sandhya Jain[2] writes that Seka/Aparaseka were defeated by Sahdeva [3] in the south; possibly from the region between the Chambal and Narmada rivers.

We find mention of a Sekwal gotra lady in the history of Burdaks as wife of Rao Burdakdeo, the originator of Burdak Gotra.


विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[4] ने लेख किया है ...सेक (AS, p.985): सहदेव ने दक्षिण दिशा की विजययात्रा में सेक और अपरसेक नामक देशों पर विजय प्राप्त की थी। 'सेकानपरसेकांश्च व्यजयत् सुमहाबल:'। (महाभारत सभा पर्व 31,1) सेक चंबल और नर्मदा के मध्यवर्ती प्रदेश में स्थित रहा होगा।

In Mahabharata

Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 28 mentions Sahadeva's march towards south: kings and tribes defeated. Seka and Aparaseka provinces are mentioned in Mahabharata (II.28.9). [5], [6]

Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 28 mentions a province named Seka (सेक) which was conquered by Sahadeva in his victories of southern provinces. He also conquered adjoining Aparaseka (अपरसेक) province. [7] [8]

"The mighty warrior then vanquished the Sekas and others, and exacted tributes from them and also various kinds of gems and wealth. Allying himself with the vanquished tribes the prince then marched towards the countries that lay on the banks of the Narmada. And defeating there in battle the two heroic kings of Avanti, called Vinda and Anuvinda,...."[9]

From the above description in Sabha Parva it appears that the province of Sekas mentioned here appears to be between Chambal and Narmada Rivers.

Some historians[10] consider them to be located in Ajmer-Merwara region who owned silver mines and capital at Jahajpur. There is a need to research this region Seka. These Seka people probably gave names to Sikar.

External links


  1. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.499
  2. Sandhya Jain: Adi Deo Arya Devata - A Panoramic View of Tribal-Hindu Cultural Interface, Rupa & Co, 7/16, Ansari Road Daryaganj, New Delhi, 2004 ,p.144, sn.250
  3. Mahabharata (II.28.8)
  4. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.985
  5. सेकानपरसेकांश्च रत्नानि विविधानि च, ततस तैर एव सहितॊ नर्मदाम अभितॊ ययौ (II.28.9)
  6. सेकानपरसेकांश्च रत्नानि विविधानि च।। 2-32-9a, ततस्तेनैव सहितो नर्मदामभितो ययौ। 2-32-9b महाभारतम्-02-सभापर्व-032
  7. सेकानपरसेकान्श्च व्यजयत सुमहाबलः (Mahabharat Sabha Parva:319)
  8. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.985
  9. Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 28
  10. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p.283

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