Shakya

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Shakya (शाक्य) (also Shakyas, Sakya, Sakyas) is a gotra of Jats.[1][2][3]

Origin

History

The ancient name of Bharhut was Vardavati. Ptolemy in his 'Geography' has mentioned a city named 'Bardaotis' situated on the route from Ujjain to Pataliputra, which according to Alexander Cunningham is related with Bharhut. According to Tibetan 'Dhulva' a Shakya monk named Samyak was expelled from Kapilavastu and came to Bagud and built a stupa here. Alexander Cunningham tells us that Bagud is Bharhut. It has been mentioned to be within the Ātavī province of the ancient literature. Samudragupta has mentioned Atavi in the list of places won by him. KP Jayaswal has identified Atavi with Bundelkhand and eastern Baghelkhand. [4]

Vardavati was a very prosperous town in ancient times and it was one of important centres of trade. The Koshambi ruler, Prasenjit's purohit has mentioned in the book 'Bavri', about this city as 'Balsevati'. A. Cunningham also supports this view. In samvat 197 (140 AD) the Bharshiv people became ruler of this region and renamed it as 'Bharbhukti' after them. The 'Bardadeeh' village , situated 2 miles north of Satna city, gets the name from Bardavati. Deeh means the abondoned place. [5]

In Mahavansa

Mahavansa/Chapter 8 writes ... In Sihapura, after the death of king Sihabahu, his son Sumitta was king; he had three Sons by the daughter of the Madda (Madra) king. Sumitta being old he sent his youngest son Panduvasudeva (r.504 BC - 474 BC) to Lanka. Panduvasudeva took with him thirty-two sons of ministers and embarked (with them) in the disguise of mendicant monks. The ministers entrusted Panduvasudeva with the sovereignty of Lanka. He made Bhaddakaccana, youngest daughter of Sakka Pandu as his consort. ....A son of the Sakka Amitodana was the Sakka Pandu Since he heard that the Sakyas would (shortly) be destroyed he took his followers with him and went to another tract of land on the further side of the Ganges and founded a city there and ruled there as king. He had seven sons.

In Rajatarangini

Rajatarangini[6] tells us ...At the time of Murder of the king Sussala in 1127 AD, A servant of the king, Trailokya, of the dynasty of Shakyapala, who remonstrated against this treason, was killed by Tikkaka and others who were at the door.

In Mahabharata

Arjuna was sent to North by Yudhisthira to subjugate kingdoms for the Rajasuya Yagya, after crowning as the Emperor of Indraprastha.Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 24 & Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 25 tell us countries Arjuna subjugated. The list includes: Shakyapura (शक्यपुर) and Singhapura (town) (सिंहपुर) in addition to many countries. So from Mahabharata we know that Singhapura was in the north of Indraprastha.

Genealogy in Bhagavata Purana

Kusha Ancestry in Bhagavata Purana
Ancestry of Langala in Bhagavata Purana

They are descendant of a Suryavanshi King Sanjaya in the Ancestry of Kusha, son of Rama, in Bhagavata Purana.

KushaAtithiNishadhaNabhaPundarikaKshema DhanvanDevanikaAnihaPariyatraBalasthalaVajra Nabha (Incarnation of Surya) → SaganaVidhritiHiranya NabhaPushpaDhruva SandhiSudarshanaAgni VarnaMaruPrasusrutaSandhiAmarshanaMahasvatVisvabahuPrasenajitTakshakaBrihadbala (killed at the battle of Kurukshetra by Abhimanyu)

(Time of Parikshit)

Brihat-ranaVatsa-vriddhaPrativyomaBhanuDivakaSahadevaBrihadasvaBhanumatPratikasvaSupratikaMarudevaSunakshatraPushkaraAntarikshaSutapasAmitrajitBrihadraiBarhiKritanjayaRananjayaSanjayaShakyaSuddhodaLangalaPrasenajitKshudrakaSumitra

Sumitra shall be shall be the last of Ikshvaku dynasty in this Kaliyuga.

Population

Distribution

Notable persons

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. श-16
  2. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter III,p.255
  3. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.60,s.n. 2313
  4. Abha Singh, Bharhut Stoopa Gatha (Hindi), Ed. Ramnarayan Singh Rana, Satna, 2007, p. 119
  5. Dr Bhagwandas Safadia, Bharhut Stoopa Gatha (Hindi), Ed. Ramnarayan Singh Rana, Satna, 2007, p. 89
  6. Kings of Kashmira Vol 2 (Rajatarangini of Kalhana)/Book VIII (i) ,p.113-114

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