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Salya (सल्य) or Shalya (शल्य) was king of Madras, whose modern descendants are the Madernas. Shalya was king of Bahik Jats of Punjab, who used to take one sixth of the income as tax. [1]

Jat Gotras


Ram Swarup Joon[2] writes In the Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 48, while describing various Kings who attended a ceremony in the Durbar (court) of Maharaja Yudhisthira, seventeen names are mentioned which are today found as Jat gotras. These are Malhia, Mylaw, Sindhar, Gandhar, Mahity, Mahe, Savi, Bath, Dharan, Virk, Dard, Shaly, Matash, Kukar (Khokar) Kak, Takshak, Sand, Bahik (Bathi) Bije (Bijenia), Andhra, Sorashtra (Rathi) Mann, Ar, Sohat, Kukat, Othiwal (Othval).

Bhim Singh Dahiya writes that they are frequently mentioned in the epics and the Puranas. Their king , Salya, fought in the war. Madri, mother of Nakula and Sahadeva was a Madra Princess . Sabha Parva Shows that “ Jatasura Madra Kanam” (i.e. Asra and Madra Jats) brought presents for the Pandavas, who were their relations. They are also called Mad or Madh (Madhan) as well as Maderna nowadays. In Kurukshetra alone, they have twelve village . [3] Many Madhan Jats are now Muslims also. They are recorded in the Bible as Madai. [4] In Prakrit, the name Madra, becomes Madda. Their deity at Sakala, is called Kharaposta, which is and Iranian form. They ate pork beef, drank rum with milk, (136-MBT,VII,44,28,36) Their strange dress, banners, arms and chariots are also noted. [5] They came from the Iranian side. [6]

In Mahabharata

Sabha Parva in Sanskrit, shloka 13 writes as follows about Madra king Salya:

ततः शाकलम अभ्येत्य मद्राणां पुटभेथनम
मातुलं परीतिपूर्वेण शल्यं चक्रे वशे बली ।।13।।

External links


  1. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, etc.,: Ādhunik Jat Itihas, Agra 1998 p. 268
  2. Ram Swarup Joon: History of the Jats/Chapter II,p. 32-33
  3. Fragments, XLVI, 7
  4. Genesis, X,2
  5. ibid, IV, 8 , 3-4
  6. Bhim Singh Dahiya : Jats the Ancient Rulers ( A clan study), 1980, Sterling Publishers New Delhi, p. 265-266

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