Shoor

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Shoor (शूर)[1] Sura (सूरा)[2] Soora (सूरा) Soor (सूर)[3] Surah (सुराह) Shoora (शूरा) Suria/Suriya (सूरिया) Shoorsen/Shursen (शूरसैन)[4] is gotra of Jats found in Haryana, Rajasthan[5], Madhya Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. It is a branch of Chauhans. Sur clan found in Afghanistan. [6]

Origin

  • This gotra is said to be originated from Maharaja Shura (शूर) descendant of Maharaja Viduratha (विदूरथ). [7]

In Mahavansa

Mahavansa/Chapter 21 tells ...Mahäsiva's younger brother, Suratissa, reigned after his death ten years, zealously mindful of meritorious works. In the southern quarter (of the city) he founded the Nagarangana-vihara, in the eastern quarter the vibära (called) Hatthikkhandha and the Gonnagirika (vihara) on the Vangutrara-mountain the (vihära) named Pacinapabbata and near Raheraka the (vihära) Kolambahalaka; at the foot of the Arittha (mountain) the Makulaka (vihära), to the east the Acchagallaka (vihara), but the Girinelavahanaka (vihara) to the north of Kandanagara; these and other pleasing viharas, in number five hundred, did the lord of the earth build on this and the further bank of the river, here and there in the island of Lanka, before and while he reigned, during the period of sixty years, piously and justly, devoted to the three gems. Suvannapindatissa was his name before his reign, but he was named Süratissa after the beginning of the reign.

Two Damilas, Sena and Guttika, sons of a freighter who brought horses hither,' conquered the king Süratissa, at the head of a great army and reigned both (together) twenty-two years justly. But when Asela had overpowered them, the son of Mutasiva, the ninth among his brothers, born of the same mother, he ruled for ten years onward from that time in Anuradhapura.


Mahavansa/Chapter 23 tells.... King Kakavannatissa caused a guard to hold the Damilas in check to be kept continually at all the fords of the Mahäganga. Now the king had, by another wife, a son named Dighabhaya; and he gave the guard near the Kacchaka ford into his charge. And to form the guard this (prince) commanded each noble family within a distance of two yojanas round (to send) one son thither. Within the district of Kotthivala, in the village of Khandakavitthika, lived the chief of a clan the headman named Samgha who had seven sons. To him, too, the prince sent a messenger demanding a son. His seventh son named Nimila had the strength of ten elephants. ....The king gave him (into the service of) the prince Gamani, and with high honours the warrior Süra Nimila took up his abode with him. (Süra NimilaSura)

History

Hukum Singh Panwar[8] has given the ancestry of Bharatpur rulers starting from 1. Yadu. Shura is at S.No. 37 and Krishna at S.No. 43 as under[9]:

34. Andhaka → 35. Bhajmana → 36. Viduratha → 37. Shura → 38. Shini → 39. Bhoja → 40. Hardika → 41. Devamidha → 42. Vasudeva → 43. Krishna → 44. Pradyumna

Shoor people were the rulers of Bateshwar (बटेश्वर). They were so powerful that the entire country was named Shaursain (शौरसैन) after them. Shaursaini (शौरसैनी) people were at Bharatpur, whose one branch was known as Sewar/Sevar (सेवर). [10]

Mahabharata mentions a Suryasura and obviously not for the sun (Surya) but for the Sura people [11] Darada (the Darar clan people) a king of Bahlika was born from Surya. [12] The Sura Kings came for Yudhisthira’s sacrifice. [13]


The Mahabharata Tribe - Sura (शूर) may be identified with Jat Gotra - Shura (शूरा)

Megasthenes has mentioned them as Suari in his book Indica. ( See - Jat clans as described by Megasthenes)

शूरसेन-शूर का इतिहास

दलीप सिंह अहलावत[14] लिखते हैं:

यह चन्द्रवंशी जाट गोत्र है जो कि रामायणकाल से ही सुप्रसिद्ध रहा है। सुग्रीव ने सीता जी की खोज के लिए वानर सेना को उत्तर दिशा के शूरसेन, भरत (इन्द्रप्रस्थ क्षेत्र), कुरु आदि देशों में जाने का आदेश दिया (वा० रा० किष्किन्धाकाण्ड सर्ग 43)। शत्रुघ्न ने मधुपुत्र लवणासुर को मारकर मथुरा नगर बसाया। उसके पुत्र सुबाहुशूरसेन ने मथुरा पर राज्य किया। शत्रुघ्न ने शूरसेन जनपद व उसकी राजधानी मधुरापुरी (मथुरा) को पूर्णरूप से बसाया। (वा० रा० उत्तरकाण्ड सर्ग 70, 108)।

महाभारतकाल में इनके वृज में दो राज्य थे। ये लोग कृष्ण जी के बनाए हुए ज्ञाति संघ में मिल गये थे। इन लोगों ने महाभारत युद्ध में भाग लिया था। महाभारत के बाद इनके दो दल हो गये थे। एक दल की राजधानी मथुरा थी। कुछ दिन बाद इन लोगों ने डीग के पास सिनसिनी (पहला नाम शूरसेनी) गांव को अपनी राजधानी बनाया। इन लोगों में से विजयदेव ने बयाना को अपनी राजधानी बनाया। इनका दूसरा सम्प्रदाय सोरों और बटेश्वर के बीच में आबाद था। शूरसेन जाटों का प्रभाव व सभ्यता यहां तक बढ़ी-चढ़ी थी कि उत्तरी भारत में बोली जाने वाली भाषा ही उनके नाम से शूरसेनी कहलाती थी। शूरसेनी भाषा इटावा से लेकर मन्दसौर तक और पलवल से रतलाम तक बोली जाने वाली भाषा है। (जाट इतिहास पृ० 132, लेखक ठा० देशराज)

बौद्धकाल के समय भारतवर्ष में 16 महाजनपद (राज्य) थे जिनमें एक शूरसेन राज्य भी था। इन शूर जाटों ने मुगलों से लोहा लिया। वीर योद्धा गोकुला का जन्म इसी सिनसिनी गांव में हुआ था जिसने औरंगजेब के साथ बड़ी वीरता व साहस से युद्ध किये और अन्त में पकड़े जाने


जाट वीरों का इतिहास: दलीप सिंह अहलावत, पृष्ठान्त-257


पर मुसलमान बनना अस्वीकार करके शहीद हो गया। भरतपुर नरेशों का गोत्र शूरसेन था जो बाद में सिनसिनी या सिनसिनवार कहलाया। इन सब बातों का वर्णन भरतपुर राज्य अध्याय में विस्तार से किया जायेगा।

आज भी शूरसेन-सिनसिनवार गोत्र के जाट वृज तथा यू पी० में बड़ी संख्या में हैं।

Villages founded by Shoora clan

Distribution in Haryana

Surah gotra Jats are found in District Jind and Sonipat (Jagsi) (Gohana).

Villages in Hisar district

Bugana, Pali Hisar,

Villages in Kurukshetra district

Bhagwan Pur,

Sura Thanesar is the name of a village in Thanesar tahsil of Kurukshetra district in Haryana.

Distribution in Rajasthan

Soora Jats are found in Jaipur, Jhunjhunu and Sikar districts in Rajasthan.

Locations in Jaipur city

Abhinav Nagar, Sanganer, Shastri Nagar, Sukhia (Muhana), vidhyadharnagar , Centarspine Muhana,

Villages in Sikar district

Tajsar,

Villages in Churu district

Jaipuriya Khalsa, Soorwas,

Villages in Jhunjhunu district

Niwai,, Rasoda, Shoora ka Bas, Suron Ka Bas

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Ratlam district

Villages in Ratlam district with population of this gotra are:

Salakhedi 1,

Villages in Indore district

Dudhia, Gwalior, Indore,

Notable persons

  • Devak Ram Surah (1906-1998)B.A.LLB. Advocate D.A.V.College Lahore ( Dayanand Anglo Vedic ) Chairman of Panchayat an Officer for whole of old Haryana and Punjab Head office 1950 Ambala took part in freedom movement since 1930, Chairman consumer Cooperative board of Haryana state Chandigarh He was from Jagsi - Gohana - Sonipat a public servant during all his life fighting for whole of Haryana for Kisans and all schedule caste and whole community,"A NOBLE KIND MAN" who did free legal service for country.Shri Devak Ram Surah was also a good football player during his school and as a lawyer played in Gohana magistrate team sitting next to Judge Magistrate in group picture.
  • Ram Singh Soora - Adhyaksh Bharatiy Kisan Sangh Indore, Heer Singh Jat Soora Indore, Mob:9300963251.
  • Nand Lal Sura - Village: Jaipuria Khalsa (Rajgarh), Donated Rs 51000 for construction of Karma Bai Kanya Chhatrawas Churu. Social reformer, opposes social evils like dowry, child marriage etc.
  • Mr. Dalpat Singh Sura - Admn.Officer C&AG Finance, 840-C, Malik Colony, New Court Road, Sonipat Haryana, 011-23221668, 0130-2221222, 9868123567 NCR (PP-362)
  • Amit Shoora: Danics / Assistant commissioner, Car Nicobar, Andaman, M: 9531916739

Gallery of Shura Surah Shoor people


<gallery> Nandlal_Sura.jpg|

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. श-4
  2. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-186
  3. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-186
  4. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. श-4
  5. जाट इतिहास:ठाकुर देशराज,पृष्ठ-695
  6. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, H. W. Bellew, p.27,93,118,120,135,138,168,180,185
  7. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 281
  8. The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations/Appendices/Appendix No.1
  9. Yadu Vamsavali of Bharatpur given by Ganga Singh in his book 'Yadu Vamsa', Part 1, Bharatpur Rajvansa Ka Itihas (1637-1768), Bharatpur, 1967, pp. 19-21
  10. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 281
  11. ibid, 1 / 67 / 58
  12. ibid , 2 / 44/8
  13. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers ( A clan study), p. 289
  14. जाट वीरों का इतिहास: दलीप सिंह अहलावत, पृष्ठ.257-258

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