Shveta

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Shveta (श्वेत) Shvet (श्वेत) Shvitra (श्वित्र)[1] Shvitr (श्वित्र) is gotra of Jats.

Origin

This gotra is said to be originated from Nagavanshi mahapurusha Shveta Naga (श्वेत नाग). [2]

Mention by Panini

Shveta (श्वेत) is a place name mentioned by Panini under Sutangamadi (सुतंगमादि) (4.2.80.14) group. [3]

History

In Mahabharata

Shveta (शवेत) is mentioned in Mahabharata (II.25.1), (VI.9.2) as a Mountain; Shveta as a king is mentioned in verse (IX.44.59), (XIII.116.69) and Shveta (श्वेता) as a Lady in verse (IX.45.22).


Anusasana Parva/Book XIII Chapter 116 gives List of Kings who had abstained from flesh in Karttika month. Shveta is mentioned in verse (XIII.116.69). [4]


Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 25 mentions that Arjuna subjugated the countries that lay to the North, Arjuna arrives to conquer Harivarsha. ...""that heroic and foremost of the Pandavas endued with great energy, crossing the White mountains, subjugated the country of the Kimpurushas ruled by Darunaputra...." [5]


Bhisma Parva, Mahabharata/Book VI Chapter 9 mentions that Dhritarashtra asks Sanjaya to tell the names of all the Varshas, and of all the mountains, and also of all those that dwell on those mountains. Shveta Mountain is mentioned in verse (VI.9.2)....."On the south of Sweta and the north of Nishadha, is the Varsha, called Ramanaka. The men that are born there are all of white complexion..." [6]


Shalya Parva, Mahabharata/Book IX Chapter 44 mentions about all the warriors who came to the ceremony for investing Kartikeya with the status of generalissimo. Shveta king is mentioned in verse IX.44.59. [7]


Shalya Parva, Mahabharata/Book IX Chapter 45 gives List of the mothers who became the companions when Skanda was installed. Shveta (श्वेता) warrior mother is mentioned in verse (IX.45.22).[8]


Virata's son Sweta was a great warrior, described as a commander of Matshya army. However the role he played was that of a commander-in-chief, for the whole of Pandava army for Day One. Then when their commander (Sweta) was slain, Arjuna and Krishna, slowly withdrew the troops (for their nightly rest). And then the withdrawal took place of both the armies. Kauravas made shouts of victory. The Pandavass entered (their quarters) cheerlessly, thinking, of that awful slaughter in single combat of their commander. (6,48). (see - Kurukshetra War Day-1)

Distribution

Notable persons

External links

References

  1. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.60,s.n. 2317
  2. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 281
  3. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.507
  4. सिलेन पृथुना चैव वीरसेनेन चैव ह, इक्ष्वाकुणा शम्भुना च शवेतेन सगरेण च (XIII.116.69)
  5. स शवेतपर्वतं वीरः समतिक्रम्य भारत, थेशं किं पुरुषावासं दरुमपुत्रेण रक्षितम (II.25.1)
  6. दक्षिणेन तु शवेतस्य नीलस्यैवॊत्तरेण तु, वर्षं रमणकं नाम जायन्ते तत्र मानवाः (VI.9.2)
  7. पुत्र मेषः परवाहश च तदा नन्दॊपनन्दकौ धूम्रः शवेतः कलिङ्गशसिद्धार्दॊ वरदस तदा (IX.44.59)
  8. शिशुमार मुखी शवेता लॊहिताक्षी विभीषणा, जटालिका कामचरी दीर्घजिह्वा बलॊत्कटा (IX.45.22)

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