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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (Retd.)

Sikata (सिकता) is a place name mentioned by Panini under Sankaladi (संकलादि) (4.2.75) group. [1]


Tej Ram Sharma[2] mentions River Sikata (सिकता) (Junagarh Rock Inscription of Skandagupta Gupta Years 136, 137 and 138 (=A.D. 455, 456 and 457), L. 16) : The river Sikata takes its source from the mountain Raivataka. It is the same as Suvarna-sikata mentioned in the Junagarh Rock Inscription of Rudradaman. [3] This Sikata or Suvarnasikata is to be identified with modern Sonarekha. [4] The name

296 Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Suvannareha (Suvarnarekha) is also met with in Vividhatirthakalpa. [5] Thus the first part of the river's name has remained unchanged for about two thousand years. The second part has been replaced by a new one. The exact derivative as suggested by Chatterji will be a form like Sonasita or Sonasi. [6] The river was named Suvarnasikata because its sand contains particles of gold.[7]

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In Mahabharata


  1. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.507
  2. Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions/Names of the Rivers and the Mountains,p. 295-296
  3. Select Inscriptions by D. C. Sircar. p. 176.
  4. Ibid., p. 313, f.n.l : Selections From Sanskrit Inscriptions by D. B. Diskalkar Vol. I, Pt. II, p.8.
  5. Vividhatlrthakalpa p. 10 : तं जहा-उग्गसेणगढ़ं ति वा, खंगारागढ़ं ति वा । जुण्ण-डुग्गं ति वा । उत्तरदिशाए विसालथम्भसाला-सोहियो दसदसार मंडवो गिरिदुवारे य पंचमो हरी दामोअरो सुवण्णरेहा-नईपारे वट्टह ।
  6. Studies in the Historical and Cultural Geography and Ethnography of Gujarat by H. D. Sankalia. p. 51 : also see f.n.l.
  7. Ibid., p. 51, f.n. 2. : Mirati. Ahmadi, Supplement, 205, takes

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