Singala

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Map of Sakastan showing Sigal around 100 BCE

Singala (सींगला)[1] [2] Singad (सींगड़)[3] Sigar (सीगड़) is gotra of Jats. Sigar (सीगड़) gotra Jats are found in Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh.

Origin

  • According to Dr Mahendra Singh Arya and others, this gotra originated from place named Sigal. This place is the royal residence of the Sakas, in Sistan (सीस्तान) in Iran/Afghanistan. [10]

History

They are mentioned by Cunningham[11] in an inscription at the Buddhist Stupa of Sanchi of the Ashoka period as under:

No. 163.— Bhadikiyasa Sanghilasa dānam.

" Gift of Bhadikriya, of Sanghila ;" or perhaps,
"Gift of Sanghila, of Bhadikriya."

Bhim Singh Dahiya has mentioned it as one of the Rigvedic tribes in the name Sigru : (RV Vll/18/19): This tribe was fighting against Sudas on the Yamuna. This tribe is to be identified with the Sigru/Sigarwal/Sigar clan of the Jats still on the Yamunain Haryana. A Sigru is noted in Luder's list of Brahmi inscriptions. (see - Rigvedic tribes)

The presence of the Sakas in Sakastan in the 1st century BCE is mentioned by Isidore of Charax in his "Parthian stations". He explained that they were bordered at that time by Greek cities to the east (Alexandria of the Caucasus and Alexandria of the Arachosians), and the Parthian-controlled territory of Arachosia to the south:

"Beyond is Sacastana of the Scythian Sacae, which is also Paraetacena, 63 schoeni. There are the city of Barda and the city of Min and the city of Palacenti and the city of Sigal; in that place is the royal residence of the Sacae; and nearby is the city of Alexandria (and nearby is the city of Alexandropolis), and six villages." Parthian stations, 18.[12]


Villages founded by Sigar clsan

XIII Sanderav Inscription of Kalhanadeva S.V. 1221 (1165 AD)

The Inscription is dated on Friday, the second half the dark half of Magha V.S. 1221 of the reign of Shri Kelhanadeva. It states that Analadevi, the queen mother of Kelhanadeva granted land which could be plaughed in one day from the king's personal property (bhoga) to the god Mahavira, the primeval deity of Sanderaka-gachchha, to celebrate kalyanika. One drumma was also given by the Rashtrakutas Patu and Kelhan and their brother's sons Uttamasiha, Mudrama, Kanhana,Ahada, Asala, Anatiga and others with reference to the same kalyanika. Similarly haela of Yugandhara was also granted by rathakaras or cart-builders Dhanapala, Murapala, Jopala, Sigada, Amiyapala, Jisahada, Delhana and so forth all residing at Sanderaka in connection with kalyanika falling on 13th of the bright half of chaitra.

श्रीषंडेरकवास्‍तव्‍य रथकारधणपालमूरपालजोपालसिगडाअमियपालजिसहडदेल्‍हणादिभि [चै] त्र सुदि 13 कल्‍याणके

Distribution in Rajasthan

Locations in Jaipur city

Ambabari, Khatipura, Murlipura Scheme,

Villages in Jaipur District

Itawa Tejya Ka Bas,

Villages in Jhunjhunu District

Sigar found in: Barwasi, Dhirasar, Meethwas (7),

Villages in Sikar district

Khicharon Ka Bas,

Villages in Tonk district

Bagdi (1),

Villages in Chittorgarh district

Seegaron Ka Khera (t.Arnod),

Villages in Pali district

Seengla (t. Raipur Pali),

Villages in Hanumangarh district

Goluwala Niwadan,

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Meerut district

Rahawati,

Villages in Sambhal district

SalaKhana (सलखना),

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Sehore district

Richhadiya Kadeem, Nasrullaganj (Sehore),

Villages in Dhar district

Singad Jats found in villages: Kothda

Notable Persons

  • Two IAS officers of surname Singala were selected in 2008
  • Rajendra Singh (Sigad) - Lecturer, S K College Sikar, Mob:9414664283, From Meethwas (मीठवास) village in Jhunjhunun tehsil & district in Rajasthan.
  • Chaudhari Tara Chand Sigar - Adhyaksh Rajasthan Jat Samaj Sansthan, Jaipur
  • Col. Bhagirath Singh Sigar - 126, Officers Campus Extn, Sirsi Road, Jaipur, Ph:0141-2350120, Mob:09413285089

Gallery of people of this gotra

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-14
  2. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.62,s.n. 2456
  3. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-16
  4. Adi Parva, Mahabharata/Mahabharata Book I Chapter 40:तरुणस तस्य पुत्रॊ ऽभूत तिग्मतेजा महातपाः । शृङ्गी नाम महाक्रॊधॊ दुष्प्रसादॊ महाव्रतः।।(I.36.21);तेजस्विनस तव पिता तथैव च तपस्विनः। शवं सकन्धेन वहति मा शृङ्गिन गर्वितॊ भव ।।(I.36.24)
  5. The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations/The Scythic origin of the Jats, p.183
  6. .The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations/An Historico-Somatometrical study bearing on the origin of the Jats, pp.151-152
  7. Shrimadacharya Shrinivasacharya, Jat Itihas, Calcutta, n.d. pp. 9-16. Niranjan Singh Chaudhary, Jat Gotravali, Jat Hitkari Prakashan, Gopinath Bazar,Varindavan, Mathura, n.d. pp. 1-10. Jat Gotras are given in alphabetic order in Hindi in both of the booklets.
  8. Ibid.
  9. आवदिन्द्रं यमुना तर्त्सवश्च परात्र भेदं सर्वतातामुषायत | अजासश्च शिग्रवो यक्षवश्च बलिं शीर्षाणि जभ्रुरश्व्यानि || (RV Vll/18/19)
  10. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p.282
  11. The Bhilsa topes: Inscriptions, P. 257
  12. Parthian stations

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