Siyal

From Jatland Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Sial (सियाल) Syal (स्याल)[1] Syala (स्याल)[2] is gotra of Jats in Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and Rajasthan. They live in Mandsaur district in Madhya Pradesh.

Origin

This gotra is said to be originated from Syala (स्याल), a Yadava prince, who insulted the sage Gargya, and was the cause of his becoming the father of Kalayavana, a great foe of Krishna and the Yadava family. [3]

History

Sir H. M. Elliot Edited by John Dowson[4] writes while identifying The Hindu kings of Kabul that Kalar " is, we have little doubt, the Syalapati of our coins. There is less difference in sound between Syala and Kalar than would at first be imagined ; so that if our translator, Al Biruni, wrote his Arabic version from oral tradition, this slight change in the initial pronunciation of the name would be fairly probable."


[p.422]: It is to be observed that the Jami'u-t Tawarikh and its followers omit all notice of Kalar, making Samand the immediate sucoessor of Kanak.

The Syala or Syal-pati (....? in Greek), of whom so many coins are found in Afghanistan, was probably a leader, and, perhaps, even the progenitor of the Syal Jats of Jhang Syal and other localities in the Panjab.

Villages founded by Siyal clan

In Chauhan records

The Sundha inscription (Jodhpur) V. 1319 (1267 AD) of Chachigadeva mentions the Salya (Syal), the Sangas, and the Nahras. [5] [6]

Dasharatha Sharma in "Early Chauhan Dynasties" [Page-176] writes about Jalor Chauhan ruler - Chachigadeva. We have eight inscriptions for Chachigadeva, the son and successor of Udayasimha. These range from V. 1319 to V.1333. The earliest is the Sundha Inscription of V. 1319 edited by Dr. Kielhorn in EI, IX. pp. 74ff. Some three years earlier however than the earliest of these (which belongs to V. 1319) is the record of a pratishtha at Jalor, dated the 6th of the bright half of Magha V. 1316. It states that Padru and Muliga put a gold cupola and gold dhvaja on the temple of Shantinatha at Suvarnagiri in the reign of Chachigadeva (Kharataragachchhapattavali. p. 51).

"Hating his enemies as thorns" states the Sundha Inscription "he destroyed the roaring Gurjara lord Virama," enjoyed the fall of the tremulous (or leaping) Patuka, deprived Sanga of his colour and acted as a thunderbolt for the mountain, the furious Nahara".
स्फूर्जद्-वीरम-गूर्जरेश-दलनो य: शत्रु-शल्यं द्विषंश्-
चञ्चत-पातुक-पातनैकरसिक: संगस्य रंगापह:
उन्माद्दन्-नहराचलस्य कुलिशाकर:.... (Verse-50)

Dasharatha Sharma writes that The "furious Nahara" of the inscription, again, is equally unidentifiable. But we know from Jat history above that नहराचल means Nehra Mountain. There is a mountain in Jhunjhunu called Nehra Pahad which in Sanskrit is called नहराचल. Thus Nehras were rulers in Vikram Samvat 1316 (1260 AD). [7]

Distribution in Himachal Pradesh

Villages in Hamirpur, Kangra

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Mandsaur district

Kacharia Jat

Distribution in Rajasthan

Villages in Tonk district

Hathaki (8),

Villages in Barmer district

Siyalon Ka Der, Siyolon Ki Beri, Siyolon Ki Dhani,

Villages in Dausa district

Shyalawas,

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Nawanshahr district


Notable persons

External Links

References

  1. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.243, s.n.227
  2. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.61,s.n. 2371
  3. Dowson's Classical Dictionary of Hindu Mythology
  4. The history of India : as told by its own historians. Volume II/Note A.— The Hindu kings of Kabul, 1867 Volume II: To the Year A.D. 1260, pp.421-422
  5. Bhim Singh Dahiya: Jats the Ancient Rulers, p.233
  6. Epica Indica, Vol. IX, p. 74 ff
  7. Dasharatha Sharma:"Early Chauhan Dynasties", p.177

Back to Jat Gotras