Abu Mansur Sabuktigin (b.942,r.977–997) or Nasiru-d din Subuktigin, also spelled as Sabuktagin, Subaktegin , Sabuktakin, Sebüktegin and Sebük Tigin, also known as Nasir al-din Sabuktigin, was the founder of the Ghaznavid dynasty, ruling from 977 to 997. His son Mahmud of Ghazni (r. 997-1030) was the most prominent ruler of the Ghaznavid Empire.
Life of Sabuktigin
Sabuktigin lived as a slave during his youth and later married the daughter of his master Alptigin, the man who seized the region of Ghazna (modern Ghazni Province in Afghanistan) in a political fallout for the throne of the Samanids of Bukhara. Although the latter and Sabuktigin still recognized Samanid authority, and it was not until the reign of Sabuktigin's son Mahmud that the rulers of Ghazni became independent.
When his father-in-law Alptigin died, Sebuktigin became the new ruler and expanded the kingdom after defeating Jayapala to cover the territory as far as the Neelum River in Kashmir and the Indus River in what is now Pakistan.
Title of Nāsir ud-Dīn
In 994 he was involved in aiding Nuh II of the Samanids against internal uprisings and defeated the rebels at Balkh and then at Nishapur, thereby earning for himself the title of Nāsir ud-Dīn ("Hero of the Faith") and for his son Mahmud the title of Governor of Khorasan and Saif ud-Dawlah ("Sword of the State").
Mahmud of Ghazni
His son Mahmud of Ghazni was the most prominent ruler of the Ghaznavid Empire. In the name of Islam, he conquered the eastern Iranian lands and the northwestern Indian subcontinent from 997 to his death in 1030.
- Ferishta, History of the Rise of Mohammedan Power in India, Volume 1: Section 15. Packard Humanities Institute.
- Encyclopædia Britannica, "Ghaznavid Dynasty"
- The Ghaznavids, C.E. Bosworth, Age of Achievement: A.D. 750 to the End of the Fifteenth Century, Vol. 4, ed. M. S. Asimov, C. E. Bosworth, (UNESCO, 1998), 98.